Study on the Attractiveness of Fruit Flies (Bactrocera spp.) against Extract of Mango Fruit

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35315

Oka Dwi Handaru(1), Witjaksono Witjaksono(2*), Edhi Martono(3)

(1) Agricultural Quarantine Agency Class I Mataram Jln. Pelabuhan Lembar No. 9, Lembar, West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara 83364
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Fruit fly (Bactrocera spp) is a global major pest species in regard to the fruit export and import activities conducted by a country. The controlling and monitoring strategies based on ecology of fruit flies were expected to overcome the problem of fruit flies. The study on the attractant compound of fruit flies from mango extract is an alternative to control and to monitor fruit flies, either male or female. This research was aimed to recognize the strength of attractiveness (number and type of species) and endurance ability (day) on mango extract which could attract fruit flies. The experiment was conducted in mango plantation in Sragen Regency using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 5 different locations for setting the trap, each location consisted of 9 treatments. The parameter observations were number of trapped-fruit flies, the sex ratio of fruit flies, the type of species fruit fly, and the endurance of mango extract. The results revealed that mango extract could attract the male and female fruit flies with mechanism of the presence of nutrition and oviposition site. Extract of raw Pakel mango had a good ability to attract fruit flies, either male or female of B. carambolae and B. papaya, and male of B. albistrigata with a total of 15 flies per trap in one week.


Keywords


attractant; fruit fly; fruit fly trap; mango extract

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35315

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