Correlation between Epidermis Thickness, Leaf Trichome Length and Density with the Whitefly Bemisia tabaci Population on Five Local Soybean Cultivars

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.34498

Muhamad Lutfi(1), Purnama Hidayat(2*), Nina Maryana(3)

(1) Graduate Study of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jln. Kamper Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, West Java 16680
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jln. Kamper Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, West Java 16680
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University Jln. Kamper Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, West Java 16680
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Soybeans compsumsion in Indonesia is about 2.7 million ton, while the national production is only about 0.7 million ton per year. There are some problems in the soybean production in Indonesia, including pests and diseases. Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is one of the important pests in soybeans causes a significant loss of yields. Developing soybean cultivars resistant to whitefly is one of method to reduce the production loss. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the physical characteristics of lower surface leaves and B. tabaci population on five local soybean cultivars. The experiments were conducted in the IPB greenhouse by Completely Randomized Design (RCD) using five soybean cultivars (Anjasmoro, Dena-1, Detam-3, Devon-1, and Wilis) with 3 replicates. Three plants of each cultivar were planted in a polybag, put under a cage, and after one week then infested with 5 female whiteflies. The parameters observed in this study were leaf epidermal thickness; density and length of trichome on lower leaf surface; and the number of egg, nymph, and adult of the whitefly. Observations were carried out every week, from 1−7 weeks after the plant was infested with the whitefly. The population of whitefly was affected by trichome density and length, as well as by the epidermal thickness of the lower leaf surface. The infestation of B. tabaci was higher in the soybean cultivars with denser and longer leaf trichomes, and thinner epidermal of the lower leaf surface. This result of this research suggests that it is necessary to include the characteristics of leaf trichome and epidermal thickness in the breeding program to produce soybean cultivars that are superior in productivity and resistant to whitefly.


Keywords


Aleyrodidae; Anjasmoro; Hemiptera; leaf characteristic; resistant

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aslam, M. & N. A. Saeed. 2004. Comparative Resistance of Different Cotton Genotypes against Sucking Insect Pest Complex of Cotton. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture (Pakistan) 20:441−445.

Berlinger, M. 1986. Host Plant Resistance to Bemisia tabaci. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 17: 69−82.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Produksi Kedelai Nasional. http://www.bps.go.id/tnmnpgn.php, modified 12/12/16.

Cohen, A. C, T.J. Henneberry, & C.C. Chu. 1996. Geometric Relationships between Whitefly Feeding Behavior and Vascular Bundle Arrangements. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 78: 135−142.

Gameel, O. 1974. Some Aspects of the Mating and Oviposition Behaviour of the Cotton Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Genn.). Revue Zoologie Africaine 7: 113−122.

Hoddle, M. 2013. The Biology and Management of The Silverleaf Whitefly, Bemisia argentifolii Bellows and Perring (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Greenhouse Grown Ornamentals. http://biocontrol.ucr.edu/bemisia.html, modified 16/12/16.

Indrayani, I.G. & E. Sulistyowati. 2005. Pengaruh Kerapatan Bulu Daun pada Tanaman Kapas terhadap Kolonisasi Bemisia tabaci Gennadius. Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri 11: 101−106.

[Kementan] Kementerian Pertanian. 2016. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian, Indonesia. 70 p.

Marwoto, F., A.S. Indriani, & R. Hapsari. 2011. Diagnosis Ledakan Populasi Hama Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) pada Pertanaman Kedelai (Studi Kasus Faktor Penyebab Ledakan Populasi Whitefly di KP Muneng MK 2009). Penelitian. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang dan Umbi 277−288.

Murgianto, F. & P. Hidayat. 2017. Whitefly Infestation and Economic Comparison of Two Different Pest Control Methods on Soybean Production. Planta Tropika: Journal of Agrosains Science 5: 110−115.

Sulistyo, A. 2014. Perakitan Varietas Kedelai Tahan Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.). Buletin Palawija 28: 65−72.

Sulistyo, A. 2016. Kriteria Seleksi Penentuan Ketahanan Kedelai terhadap Whitefly. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 11: 78−80.

Sulistyo, A. & A. Inayanti. 2016. Mechanisms of Antixenosis, Antibiosis, and Tolerance of Fourteen Soybean Genotypes in Response to Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci). Biodiversitas 17:447−453.

Takahashi, K., M., E. Berti Filho, & A. L. Lourenção.2008. Biology of Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) B-Biotype and Parasitism by Encarsia formosa (Gahan) on Collard, Soybean and Tomato Plants. Science Agricola 65: 639−642.

Vieira, S.S, A.D.F. Bueno, M. Boff, R. Bueno, & C.Hoffman-Campo. 2011. Resistance of Soybean Genotypes to Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) Biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Neotropical Entomology 40: 117−122.

Valle, G.E, A.L. Lourencao, & J.B. Pinheiro. 2012. Adult Attractiveness and Oviposition Preference of Bemisia tabaci Biotype B in Soybean Genotypes with Different Trichome Density. Journal of Pest Science 85: 431−442.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.34498

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 237 | views : 111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :