Potency of Salicylic Acid to Disrupt the Growth and Development of Papaya Mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.29656

Liza Octriana(1*), Nugroho Susetya Putra(2), Suputa Suputa(3)

(1) Research Institute for Tropical Fruit Plants Jln. Raya Solok-Aripan Km.8, Solok-West Sumatera 27301
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Mealybug is an important pest of papaya plants. Induction of plant resistance using elicitors, such as salicylic acid, might have the potency to reduce the extent of crop damage by mealybug. Therefore, a laboratory experiment was performed to determine the effect of salicylic acid on feeding preference, fecundity, oviposition period, and longevity of papaya mealybug adult, Paracoccus marginatus. The results showed that the application of salicylic acid increased total phenol content on papaya leaf (r = 0.57) hence decreased in feeding preferences and fecundity, slowed down the growth period of the nymph and pre-oviposition period, and prolonged the longevity of mealybug. The potency of using salicylic acid to control of mealybug on papaya in integrated pest management was discussed in this paper.


Keywords


mealybug papaya; Paracoccus marginatus; salicylic acid

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.29656

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