Plant Parasitic Nematode Abundance and Diversity in Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Cultivation at Various Altitudes in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.26018

Khairunnisa Lubis(1), Siwi Indarti(2*), Nugroho Susetya Putra(3)

(1) Tanjungbalai Asahan Agricultural Quarantine Station Jln. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM. 9 Simpang Empat – Asahan, North Sumatra 22333
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Plant-parasitic nematodes are one of the causes of yield loss in potato cultivation. Currently, information on the diversity, abundance, and dominance of potato parasitic nematode genera is not available. This research aimed to determine the pattern of distribution, abundance, and dominance of parasitic nematode genera on potato plant (Solanum tuberosum) in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara Districts at various altitudes i.e.: 1,250--1,500; 1,500--1,750; 1,750--2,000; and 2,000--2,250 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l.). Soil rhizosphere and root samples were collected, and nematodes were extracted using the Whitehead tray modification technique. The nematodes were adjusted with Formalin Acetic acid Alchohol (FAA), mounted, and identified based on morphological characters. The diversity index was determined to distinguish plant-parasitic nematode diversity. Six genera of potato plant-parasitic nematodes were found, namely Meloidogyne, Hirschmanniella, Globodera, Criconemoides, Helicotylenchus, and Xiphinema. The highest population of plant-parasitic nematodes was found at 1,250–1,500 m.a.s.l. from both root and soil samples. The nematode populations were 56.67 nematodes/5 g root and 103.33 nematodes/100 g of soil. The abundance of parasitic nematodes did not differ significantly among different altitudes in both districts. The dominant parasitic nematodes in soil samples were Meloidogyne with 16.78%, while Globodera was 13.98%. The Shannon-Wiener index implied that the diversity of parasitic nematodes of potato plants and stability of community in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara Districts were categorized as low.


Keywords


abundance; diversity; dominance; parasitic nematodes; potato plants

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adamou, H., Adamou, B., Oumarou, A.H., Ramatou, S., Seyni, D., & Toudou, A. (2013). Characterization of Plant-parasitic Nematode Communities Associated with Tomato, Eggplant and Pepper in the Suburban Area of Niamey (Niger). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5(20), 2488‒2494.

Bappeda Kabupaten Wonosobo. (2016). Kabupaten Wonosobo Dalam Angka. Pemerintah Kabupaten Wonosobo. Retrieved from https://wonosobokab.bps.go.id/publication/2016/07/15/e900cb3d8cc9a642c7023d05/kabupaten-wonosobo-dalam-angka-2016.html

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Provinsi Jawa Tengah. (2016). Provinsi Jawa Tengah Dalam Angka (Jawa Tengah Province in Figures). Retrieved from https://jateng.bps.go.id/publication/2016/07/15/e8273586eae1993d1adac969/provinsi-jawa-tengah-dalam-angka-2016

Cook, R. & Noel, G.R. (2002). Cyst Nematodes: Globodera and Heterodera Species. In J.L. Starr, R. Cook, & J. Bridge (Eds.), Plant Resistance to Parasitic Nematodes (pp. 71--106). Wales, United Kingdom: CABI Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851994666.0071

Dong, K., Moroenyane, I., Tripathi, B., Kerfahi, D., Takahashi, K., Yamamoto, K., An, C., Cho, H., & Adams, J. (2017). Soil Nematodes Show a Midaltitude Diversity Maximum and Altitudeal Zonation on Mt. Norikura, Japan. Scientific Reports, 7, 3028. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-03655-3

Dropkin, V.H. (1991). Pengantar Nematologi Tumbuhan. (Supratoyo, Trans.) Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press. (Original work published 1989)

Hooper, D.J. (1986). Extraction of Nematodes from Plant Material, In J.F. Southey (Ed.), Laboratory Methods for Work with Plant and Soil Nematodes (pp. 51–58). London, United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office.

Luc, M., Sikora, R.A., & Bridge, J. (Eds.). (1995). Nematoda Parasitik Tumbuhan di Pertanian Subtropik dan Tropik. (Supratoyo, Trans.) Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press. (Original work published 1990)

Magurran, A.E., (1988). Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Princeton, New Jersey, United States: Princeton University Press.

Mai, W. (1996). Pictorial Key to Genera of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Ithaca, New York, United States: Cornell University Press.

Mulyadi. (2009). Nematologi Pertanian. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Mutalaliah, Indarti, S., & Putra, N.S. (2018). Short Communication: Abundance and Diversity of Plant Parasitic Nematode Associated with BP 308 and BP 42 Clones of Robusta Coffee in Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 19(1), 67-70. http://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d190111

Nicol, J.M, Turner, S.J., Coyne, D.L., Nijs, L., Hockland, S., & Maafi, Z.T. (2011). Current Nematode Threats to World Agriculture. In J. Jones, G. Gheysen, & C. Fenoll (Eds.), Genomics and Molecular Genetics of Plant Nematode Interactions (pp. 21--43). London, United Kingdom: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0434-3_2

Nurjanah, Trisyono, Y.A., Indarti, S., & Hartono, S. (2016a). The Effect of Temperature, Potato Varieties, and the Origin of Cyst on the Reproductive Biology of Globodera rostochiensis. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 20(2), 84--88. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.17692 

Nurjanah, Trisyono Y.A., Indarti S., & Hartono S. (2016b). Identification, Distribution and Genetic Diversity of the Golden Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) in Java Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1755, 1--7. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4958550

Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F.G., Friendly, M., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., Minchin, R., O'Hara, R.B., Simpson, G.L., Solymos, P., Henry, M., Stevens, H., Szoecs, E., & Wagner, H. (2015). Vegan: Community Ecology Package. R Package Version 2.3-1.  Retrieved from https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

Rosya, A. & Winarto. (2013). Keragaman Komunitas Fitonematoda pada Sayuran Lahan Monokultur dan Polikultur di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia, 9(3), 71--76. https://doi.org/10.14692/jfi.9.3.71

Sikora, R.A. & Fernández, E. (2005). Nematode Parasites of Vegetable. In M. Luc, R.A. Sikora, & J. Bridge (Eds.), Plant-Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture, Second Edition (pp. 319--392). Wallingford, United Kingdom: CABI Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851997278.0000

Southey, J.F. (Ed.). (1986). Laboratory Methods for Work with Plant and Soil Nematodes. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. London, United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Stationary Office.

Wulandari, A.S. & Indarti, S. (2020). Distribution and Abundance of a New Pest “Root and Bulb Parasitic Nematode” at Different Altitude Levels and Soil Abiotic Factors in Garlic Growing Centres in Central Java. Key Engineering Materials, 840, 124--130. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.840.124

Zeng, Y., Ye, W., Martin, S.B., Martin, M., & Tredway, L. (2012). Diversity and Occurance of Plant-parasitic Nematodes Associated with Golf Course Turfgrasses in North and South Carolina, USA. Journal of Nematology, 44(4), 337--347. Retrieved from  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3592363/

Zhang, M. Liang, W.-J., & Zhang, X.-K. (2012). Soil Nematode Abundance and Diversity in Different Forest Types at Changbai Mountain, China. Zoological Studies, 51(5), 619--626. Retrieved from http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/Journals/51.5/619.pdf



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.26018

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 172 | views : 72

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics