Dampak Konsumsi Metil Egenol terhadap Perilaku dan Keberhasilan Perkawinan Lalat Buah Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12760

Suryati Syamsuclin Tati-Subahar(1*)

(1) Jurusan Biologi Institut Teknologi Bandung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Methyl eugenol (= ME) is an insect attractant. It is known that male Bactrocera dorsalis is attracted to ME. The objective of this research is to examine the effects of ME consumption on mating behavior and its success of Bactrocera carambolae. Observations were done daily from 17.00 to 18.00 hours. Mating success was characterized by the occurrence of copulation between male and female flies while mating behavior analysed by their fight intensities and wing vibrations. The results showed that the fighting and wing vibration periods of ME consuming flies were longer than those which did not. Mating success of those flies which fed on ME was relatively higher. It was concluded that ME is a stimulant for enhancing mating success of Bactrocera carambolae.


Full Text:

PDF


References

Drew, R.A.I. & D.L. Hancock. 1994. The Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Asia. Bun. Entomol. Res. Suppl. Ser. 2 (suppl. 2).

Howlett, B. M. 1912. The effect of oil Citronella on two species of Dacus. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 412-418.

Iwahashi, 0. 1972. Movement of the oriental fruit fly adults among islets of the Ogasawara Islands. Env. Ent. 1 (2): 176-119.

Iwahashi. O. 1991. Decreased sexual competitiveness of sterile males through mass rearing in the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae. Proc. Int. Sym on The Biology and Control of Fruit Flies. 161-170.

lwahashi, 0., T.S. Syamsudin Subahar & S. Sastrodihardjo. 1996. Attractiveness of ME to the fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Indonesia. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 89 (5): 653-660.

Kakinohana, H. 1997. Okinawa project to prevent reestablishment of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae and the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, after eradication. The third Asia Pacific Conf. of Entomol. (APCEIII) p.48.

Koyama, J., T. Teruya, & K. Tanaka. 1984. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the Okinawa Islands by a male annihilation method. J. Econ. Entomol. 77: 468-472.

Kuba, H. 1991. Sex pheromone and mating behavior of Dacinae. Proc. Int. Sym on The Biology and Control of Fruit Flies. 214-223.

Shelly, T.E. 1994. Consumption of ME by male Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae): Low incidence of repeat feeding. Fla. Entomol. 77 (2): 201-208.

Steiner, L. F. 1952. ME as an attractant for oriental fruit fly. J. Econ. Entomol . 45: 241-248.

Steiner, L. F. & R.K.S. Lee. 1955. Large area tests of a male-annihilation method for oriental fruit fly control. J. Econ. Entomol. 48: 311-317.

Steiner, L.F., W.C. Mitchell, E.J. Harris, T.T. Kozuma, & M.S. Fujimoto. 1965. Oriental fruit fly eradication by male annihilation. J. Econ. Entomol. 58: 961-964.

Steiner, L.F., W.G. Hart, E.J. Marris, R.T. Cunningham. K. Ohinata. and D.C. Kamakahi. 1970. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly from the Mariana Islands by the methods of male annihilation and sterile insect release. J. Econ. Entomol. 63: 131-135.

Tati-Subahar, S.S. & O. Iwahashi. 1997. Does naturally occuring ME reduce efficiency of male annihilation technique for the carambola fruit fly Bactrocera carambolae? A test of Shelly's hypothesis. The third Asia Pacific Conj. of Entomol. (APCEIII) p.52.

Tati Subahar, S.S., H.T. Widarto & H. I. Kramadibrata. 1998. Perioda prareproduksi lalat buah (Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock).

Ushio, S., K. Yoshioka. K. Nakasu. & K. Waki. 1982. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly from Amami Islands by male annihilation. Jpn. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 26: 1-9 (in Japanese with English summary). Malavasi, A., A. van Sauers-Muller, D. Midgarden, V. Kellman, D. Didelot, Ph. Caplong & O. Ribeiro. 1998 Fifth Int. Symp. On Fruit Flies of Economic Importance. Penang Malaysia.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12760

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 192 | views : 160

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :