Pelembagaan Konsep Pengendalian Hama Terpadu di Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12392

Kasumbogo Untung(1*)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Indonesia for a period of ten years (1989-1999) has trained more than one million farmers through a national programme of IPM Farmers' Field School especially on rice
and other food crops. The success of farmers training based on participatory approach in Indonesia has been recognized globally as one of the pioneer of the Ecological Integrated Pest Management paradigm. The follow-up activities after the National IPM Programme which need to be done is to institutionalize IPM concept among government, industries and community institutions. Due to the presence of conflicts between ecological IPM paradigm and technological IPM paradigm which formally and legally supported by the government and the industry, processes of institutionalization of IPM in Indonesia will require a large efforts and funds, and take a long time.


Keywords


IPM paradigm change; IPM institutionalization

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anonim. 1992. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Canada and the United States. Pest Management Section, Plant Industry Branch, Ministry of Agric. And Food. Canada. 43 p.

Anonim. 1999. The Indonesian National IPM Programme: Successes and Chalenges. Country Report Indonesia. PAC Meeting, the FAO Programme for Community IPM in Indonesia. Yogyakarta 16-18 Juli 1999.

Bottrell, D.G. 1979. Integrated Pest Management. Council of Environ. Quality. Washington D.C. 120 p.

Chambers, R. 1991. Problems of paradigms, p. 245-255. In Swaminathan, M.S. (ed) Biotechnology in Agriculture: A Dialogue. Macmillan India Ltd., Madras.

FAQ. 1980. Research Summary. Integrated Pest Management, EPA-600/8-80-044. 28 p.

Gallagher, K.D. 2000. Stopping Subsidies for Pesticides in Indonesian Rice Production. Sustainable Development International. ICG Publ. London: 81-84.

Global Crop Protection Federation (GCPF). 1998. Integrated Pest Management. IPM Case Studies of GCPF Member Companies and. Associations. GCPF Publ. Brussels. 43 p.

Kenmore, P.E. 1996. Integrated Pest Management in Rice, p. 76-97. In Persley, G.J. (ed.), Biotechnology and Integrated Pest Management. CAB Intemaional, Cambridge.

Oudejans, J.H.M. 1999. Studies on IPM Policy in SE Asia. Two centuries of Plant Protection in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Backhuys Publ., Leiden. 316 p.

Smith, R.F. 1978. History and Complexity of Integrated Pest Management. In Smith, S.H. and D. Pimentel (eds.), Pest Control Strategies. Acad. Press, New York.

Smith, R.F. & H.T. Reynold. 1996. Principles, Definitions, and Scope of Integrated Pest Control. Proc. FAO Symposium on Integrated Pest Control I: 11-17.

Stem , V.W., R.F. Smith, R. van den Bosch & K.S. Hagen. 1959. The Integrated Control Concept. Hilgardia 29 (2): 81-101.

Untung, K. I 996. Institutional Constraints on IPM Implementation in Indonesia, p. 36-47. In Waibel, H. and J.C. Zadoks eds.), Institutional Constraints to IPM Publ. No. 3 the Pesticide Policy Project. Hannover.

Waage, J. 1996. Integrated Pest Management and Biotechnology: An Analysis of their Potential for Integration. p. 37-60. In Persley, G.J. (ed.), Biotechnology and Integrated Pest Management. CAB International Cambridge.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12392

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 6576 | views : 21897

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2000 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics