Tanggapan Helicoverpa armigera terhadap Infeksi Subletal Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus dan Dampaknya terhadap Laju Reproduksi

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12387

Gita Pawana(1*), Tjandra Anggraeni(2), Anna Laksanawati H.D.(3)

(1) Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Jember
(2) Jurusan Biologi Institut Teknologi Bandung
(3) Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran Lembang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The study on responses of Helicoverpa armigera Hbn. to sublethal HaNPV (H. armigera nuclear polyhedrosis virus) infection was carried out in the laboratory. The reproduction rate was scrutinized as their impact of HaNPVs exposures. Fifth instar of H. armigera larval was orally infected on sublethal serial dilution of HaNPV (1,800; 180; 18; 1.8; 0.18; 0.018 ppm from stock concentration of 1.1 X 10^9 PIB per ml suspension). A significantly female pupal weight forms the response of H. armigera to sublethal HaNPV infection on the concentration tested. However larval period, male pupal weight, pupal period, oviposition period, life span of imago, fecundity, fertility and survival did not significantly form the response of H. armigera to sublethal HaNPV infection. All treatment showed lower reproduction rate compared to the untreated, especially reproduction rate based on either debilitating effect and mortality or just based on debilitating effect.

Keywords


Helicoverpa armigera; response; reproduction rate, HaNPV

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bong, C.F.J. & P.P. Sikorowski. 1991. Effect of Cytoplasmic Polyhedrosis Virus and Bacterial Contamination on Growth and Development of the Corn Earworrn Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae). J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 57: 406-412.

Bonning, B.C. & B.D. Hammock. 1996. Development of Recombinant Baculoviruses for Insect Control. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 41 : 191-210.

Entwistle, P.F. & H.F. Evans. 1985. Viral Control, p. 347- 412. In Gilbert, L.I. & G.A. Kerkut (eds.), Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemiestry and Pharmacology Vol. 12. Pergamon. Oxford.

Evans, H.F. & P.F. Entwistle. 1987. Viral Diseases, p. 257-322. In Fuxa, J.R & Y. Tanada (eds.), Epizootiology of Insect Diseases. John Wiley, New York.

Flipsen, H. 1995. Pathogenesis Induced by (Recombinant) Baculoviruses in Insect. NOW. Netherland. Fuxa, J.R. 1993. Insect Resistance to Viruses, p. 197-209. In Beckage, N., S.N. Thomson, & B.A. Federici (eds.), Parasites and Pathogens of Insect. Academic Press. New York.

Martignoni, M.E. 1999. History of TM Biocontrol-I: the First Registered Virus - Based Product for Control a Forest Insect. American Entomologist. Spring.

Murray, K.D. & J.S. Elkinton. 1989. Environmental Contamination of Egg Masses as a Major Component of Transgenerational Transmission of Gypsy Moth Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (LdMNPV). J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 53: 324-334.

Murray, K.D .. K.S. Shield, J.P. Burand & J. S. Elkinton. 1991. The Effect of Gypsy Moth Metamorphosis on the Development of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Infection. J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 57: 352-361.

O'Reilly, D.R. & L.K.Miller. 1990. Regulation of Expresion of a Baculovirus Ecdysteroid UDP-glucosyl Transferase Gene. J. Viral. 64: 1321-1328.

O'Reilly, D.R., O.W. Howarth, H.H. Rees & L.K. Miller. 1991. Structur of Ecdysone Glucoside Formed by a Baculovirus Ecdysteroid UDP-glucosyl Transferase. Insect Biochem. Malec. Biol. 21: 795-801.

O'Reilly, D.R & L.K. Miller. 1991. Improvement of Baculovirus Pesticide by Deletion of the egt gene. Bio/technology. 9: 1086-1089.

O'Reilly, D.R., L.K. Miller & V.A. Luckow. 1994. Baculovirus Expression Vector. A Laboratory Manual. Oxford Univ. Press, New York.

O'Reilly, D.R. 1995. Mini Review Baculovirus Encoded Ecdysteroid UDP-Glucosyl Transferases. Insect Biochem. Malec. Biol. 25: 541-550.

Park, E.J., J.P. Buran & C.M. Yin. 1993. The Effect of Baculovirus Infection on Ecdysteroid Titer in Gypsy Moth Larvae. J. Insect Physiology 39: 791-796.

Park, E.J., C.M. Yin & J.P. Buran, 1996. Baculovirus Replication Alters Hormon Regulated Host Development. J. General Virology. 77: 547-554.

Perelle, A.H. & J.D. Harper. 1986. An Evaluation of the Impact of Sublethal Dosages of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus in Larvae on Pupae, Adults and Adult Progeny of the Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda. J. Invertebr. Pathol 47: 42-47.

Priharyanto, D. I 993. Efficacy of the Different HaNPV Strain against Cotton Boll worm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). Presiding Simposisum Patologi Serangga I. Yogyakarta, Indonesia. 12-13 Oktober 1993.

Riddiford, L. M. 1985. Hermon Action at the Cellular Level, p. 37-48. In Kerkut G.A. & L.I. Gilbert (eds.), Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology Vol. 8. Pergamon, Oxford.

Rothman, L.D & J .H. Myers. 1994. Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Treatment Effect on Reproductive Potential of Western Tent Caterpillar (Lepidoptera; Lasiocampidae). Environt. Entomol 23: 864-869.

Rothman, L.D. & J .H. Myers. 1996. Mini Review Debilitating Effect of Viral Diseases on Host Lepidoptera. J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 67: 1-10.

Santiago Alvarez, C. & E. Vargas Osuna. 1988. Reduction of Reproductive Capacity of Spodoptera littorallis Males by Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV). J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 52: 142-146.

Shapiro, M. & R. Argauer. 1995. Effect of pH, Temperature and Ultraviolet Radiation on the Activity of an Optical Brightener as a Viral Enhancer for the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera; Lymantridae) Baculovirus. J. Econ. Entom.ol. 88 (6): 1602-1606.

Smith, P.H & J.M. Vlak. 1988. Biological Activity of Spodoptera exigua Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus against Spodoptera exigua Larvae and Their Progeny. J.lnvertebr. Pathol. 51: 107-114.

Sutarya, R. 1995. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus terhadap Kematian Ulat Buah Tomat Helicoverpa armigera (Hubn). J. Hortikultura S (3): 34-39.

Sutarya, R. 1996. Pengujian Spodoptera exigua Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus dalam Hubungannya dengan Sifat Persistensinya untuk Mengendalikan Spodoptera exigua Hubn. J. Hortikultura 6 (2): 167-171.

Yeung, S.Y. 1990. Effect of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Infection in Spodoptera ornithogalli Larvae on Post Larval Stages and Dissemination by Adults. J. lnvertebr. Pathol. 55: 69 - 75.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12387

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 923 | views : 638

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2000 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics