Aktivitas Insektisida Ekstrak Kulit Batang Empat Famili Tumbuhan terhadap Ulat Krop Kubis Crocidolomia pavonana (F.)


Edy Syahputra(1*), Djoko Prijono(2), Dadang Dadang(3), Syafrida Manuwoto(4), Latifah K Darusman(5)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura
(2) Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(4) Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor
(5) Jurusan Kimia Fakultas MIPA Institut Pertanian Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author


The objective of this study was to evaluate the insecticidal activity of bark extracts of 35 plant species belonging to four families (Clusiaceae, Lecythidaceae Meliaceae, and Sapindaceae) against the cabbage head caterpillar Crocidolomia pavonana. Extraction of the test plant materials were performed with maceration method using ethanol and methanol continued by counter-current distribution separation in ethylacetate and water. Bark extract preparation of each plant species was tested against C. pavonana larvae by leaf-feeding method at concentration of 0.25% and 0.5%. Second-instar C. pavonana larvae were fed extract-treated broccoli leaves for 48 hours, then were presented with untreated leaves until the surviving larvae reached the fourth-instar larvae. The number of dead larvae was recorded. The phytochemical test of bark extract of Calophyllum soulattri was done by qualitative method. The results showed that the bark extracts of C. soulattri (Clusiaceae), Barringtonia sarcostachys (Lecythidaceae), and Aglaia tomentosa (Meliaceae) exhibited good insecticidal activity. Methanol extract of C. soulattri barks possessed strong insecticidal activity against C. pavonana larvae with LC95 of 0.21%. This extract showed positive response in alkaloid and triterpenoid qualitative tests. Further studies are needed to identify insecticidal compounds in those active extracts.


Bark extracts; botanical insecticides; Crocidolomia pavonana

Full Text:



Banerji, R., G. Misra & S.K. Nigam. 1985. Role of Indigenous Plant Material in Pest Control. Pesticides 19:32-38.

Basana, LR., & D. Prijono. 1994. Insecticidal Activity of Aqueous Extracts of Four Species of Annona (Annonaceae) against Cabbage Head Caterpillar, Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Bul. HPT 7:50-60.

Boeke, SJ., J.J.A. van Loon, A. van Huis, D.K. Kossou, & M. Dicke. 2001. The Use of Plant Material to Protect Stored Leguminous Seeds against Seed Beetles: A Review. Backhuys Publishers. Netherlands. Finney, D.J. 1971.

Probit Analysis, 3rd ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge. Grainge, M. & S. Ahmed. 1988. Handbook of Plants with Pest-Control Properties. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Harborne, J.B. 1987. Metode Fitokimia: Penuntun Cara Modern Menganalisis Tumbuhan (Terjemahan, Terbitan Kedua). Penerbit ITB Bandung, Indonesia.

Hassanali, A., & M. D. Bentley. 1987. Comparison of Insect Antifeedant Activities of Some Limonoids. In: Natural Pesticides from The Neem Tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and Other Tropical Plants. Proceeding of The Third International Neem Conference 10-15 July 1986. Nairobi, Kenya.

Heyne, K. 1987. Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia, Jilid III. Diterjemahkan oleh Badan Litbang Kehutanan Jakarta. Yayasan Sarana Wana Jaya, Jakarta.

Ishibashi, F., C. Satasook, M.B. Isman, & G.H.N. Towers. 1993. Insecticidal 1H- Cyclopentatetrahydro[b ]benzofurans from Aglaia odorata. Phytochemistry 32:307-310.

Isman, M.B., P.J. Gunning, & K.M. Spollen. 1997. Tropical Timber Spesies as Sources of Botanical Insectiside, p. 27-37. In: P.A. Heidin, R.M. Hollingworth, J. Miyamoto, & D.G. Thompson (eds). Phytochemicals for Pest Control. ACS, Washington DC.

Kishi, M., N. Hirschhorn, M. Djajadisastra, L.N. Satterlee, S. Strowman, & R. Dilt. 1995. Relationship of Pesticide Spraying to Signs and Symptoms in Indonesian Farmer. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health. 21:124-133.

Panda, N & G.S. Khush. 1995. Host Plant Resistence to Insects. CAB International. International Rice Research Institute.

Prakash, A., & J. Rao. 1997. Botanical Pesticides in Agriculture. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. PT Eisai Indonesia. 1995. Medicinal Herb Index in Indonesia (second edition). Eisai Indonesia, Jakarta.

Satasook, C., M.B. Isman, F. Ishibasi, S. Medbury, P. Wiriyachitra, & G.H.N. Towers. 1994. Insecticidal Bioactivity of Crude Extracts of Aglaia species (Meliaceae). Biochem. System. Ecol. 22:121-127.

Schmutterer, H. (Ed.). 1995. The Neem Tree Azadirachta indica A. Luss and Other Meliaceous Plants: Sources of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes. VCH, Weinheim.

Syahputra, E., F. Rianto & D. Prijono. 2001. Aktivitas Insektisida Ekstrak Tumbuhan Asal Kalimantan Barat terhadap Kumbang Kacang Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) dan ulat kubis Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller. J. Ilmu. Pert. Indon. 10:8-13.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.12208

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2639 | views : 876


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2004 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics