Ketertarikan Bactrocera carambolae (Diptera: Tephritidae) pada Berbagai Limbah yang Mengandung Protein

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11893

Dyah Rini Indriyanti(1*), Edhi Martono(2), Andi Trisyono(3), Witjaksono Witjaksono(4)

(1) Fakultas MIPA Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


There were ten processed wastes (molase, vinase, sludge, ciu, brem, tofu, milk, cacao, fish, and beer) used in these experiments. The experiments were conducted in two separated arrangements: no choice test and choice test. The no choice test was carried by testing the attractiveness of B. carambolae on each waste was compared with water. Each run consisted of four replication, for each replication consisted of 20 females and 20 males. The choice test was conducted by placing all wastes in a cage at the same time. Each run consisted of 15 replication, for each replication consisted of 100 females dan 100 males. The no choice test results showed that B. carambolae tend to visit waste more than water. The choice test results showed that B. carambolae tend to be more frequent visits to beer and cocoa waste. The content of protein inside the waste seemed to play role in attracting B. carambolae to come with.

 

 

Ada sepuluh olahan limbah [molase, vinase, lumpur (sludge), ciu, brem, tahu, susu, kakao, ikan dan bir] yang digunakan pada percobaan ini. Percobaan dilakukan dalam dua perlakuan terpisah: uji tertutup dan uji terbuka. Uji tertutup dilakukan dengan menguji daya tarik B. carambolae pada setiap limbah dibandingkan dengan air. Tiap uji diulang empat kali, setiap ulangan terdiri dari 20 betina dan 20 jantan. Tes terbuka dilakukan dengan menempatkan semua limbah dalam sangkar pada waktu yang sama. Tiap uji diulang 15 ulangan, setiap ulangan terdiri dari 100 betina dan 100 jantan. Hasil pengujian tertutup menunjukkan bahwa B. carambolae cenderung lebih banyak mendatangi limbah dari pada air. Hasil pengujian terbuka menunjukkan bahwa B. carambolae cenderung lebih banyak mendatangi limbah bir dan kakao. Kandungan protein dalam limbah itu tampaknya memainkan peran dalam menarik B. carambolae untuk datang.


Keywords


attractiveness, Bactrocera carambolae, processed wastes; ketertarikan, olahan limbah

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11893

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