Pengaruh Kesuburan Tanah terhadap Penyakit Blendok pada Pertanaman Jambu Mete

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11888

Ahmad Sulle(1*)

(1) Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Tenggara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Soil fertility can pressure rate attack of gummosis disease on cashew nut plantation in Muna Regency South-East Sulawesi. Blendok disease or gummosis have disseminated on some cashew plantation in Muna Regency, South-East Sulawesi. There was a correlation between soil fertilities and disease spreading. This assessment was intended to know the level attack and damage which were resulted from disease of gummosis at cashew crop. The assessment was conducted at Fongkaniwa Village of Muna Regency South-East of Sulawesi in 2004, using the rural cashew nut plantation in 30 ha area. The assessment area was divided into three blocks, i.e. high, moderate, and low level of soil fertility. Result of study indicated that attack intensity of gummosis disease on cashew nut are 19.49 %, 30.43 %, and 50.03 % on each levels of soil fertility, while Rate of Attack by the score value of 0.16, 1.14, and 1.77. Result of study indicated that improvement of soil fertility of cashew plantation are very important to pressure of attack and damage of gummosis disease.


Keywords


cashew nut; gummosis disease; soil fertility

Full Text:

PDF


References

Cardoso, J.E., A. A. Santos, A. G. Rossetti, & J. C. Vidal. 2004. Relationship between Incidence and Severity of Cashew Gummosis in Semiarid North- Eastern Brazil. Plant Pathology 53: 363–367.

Cardoso, J.E, J. R. Paiva, J.J. V. Cavalcanti, A. A. dos Santos, & J. C. Vidal. 2006. Evaluation of Resistance in Dwarf Cashew to Gummosis in North-Eastern Brazil. Crop Protection 25: 855–859.

Disbunhorti, 2001. Dinas Perkebunan dan Hortikultura Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Laporan Bulanan (tidak dipublikasikan).

Freire, F.C.O., J.E. Cardoso, A.A. dos Santos, & F.M.P. Viana. 2002. Diseases of Cashew Nut Plants (Anacardium occidentale L.) in Brazil. Crop Protection 21: 489–494.

Muhammad, A., D. Judawi, D. Priharyanto, G. C. Luther, G.N.R.Purnayasa, J.Mangan,M. Sianturi, P. Mundy, & Riyatno, 2001. Musuh Alami, Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Jambu Mete. Direktorat Perlindungan Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Bina Produksi Perkebunan, Departemen Pertanian, Jakarta, Edisi 2. 61 p.

Morris, M.J., M.J. Wingfield & C. de Beer. 1993. Gummosis and Wilt of Acacia mearcusii in South Africa Caused by Ceratocystis fimbriata. Plant Pathology 42: 814–817.

Puslitbanghor, 2008. Teknologi Unggulan Buah-buahan. Pengendalian Penyakit Blendok (Diplodia) pada Tanaman Jeruk dengan bubur California. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hortikultura, Jakarta Indonesia. Situs Indonesian Center for Horticulture Research and Development. http://hortikultura.litbang.deptan.go.id/index.php, modified 11/6/2008.

Salim, A., A. Sulle, & Sahardi. 2003. Acuan Rekomendasi Pemupukan Spesifik Lokasi Untuk Tanaman Jambu Mete di Sulawesi Tenggara. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Tenggara. Brosur seri Perkebunan. 15 p.

Skrzypek, E., K.Miyamoto,M. Saniewski, J. Ueda. 2005. Jasmonates are Essensial Factors Inducing Gummosis in Tulips:Mode ofAction of Jasmonates Focusing on Suger Metabolism. Journal of Plant Physiology 162: 495–505.

USDA, 1982. Soil Conversation Service. Procedure for Collecting Soil Samples and Methods of Analysis for Soil Survey, Soil Survey Investigation. Report 1.

Wiratno, A.T, & S. Nurbanah. 1997. Pengendalian Penyakit Belendok pada Tanaman Jeruk Besar. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Karangploso, IP2TPWonocolo. 10 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11888

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 540 | views : 568

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2008 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021Indexing & Abstracting , 

View My Stats