Tanah Supresif: Terminologi, Sejarah, Karakteristik, dan Mekanisme

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11881

Hadiwiyono Hadiwiyono(1*)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Many definitions of the suppressive soil purposed were proposed by some authors, however in summary, suppressive soil is the soil where virulent pathogen and susceptible host exist but the population and or disease produced by the pathogen are limited, due to the biotic factors supported by some specific environmental conditions. The suppressive soil phenomena has been recognized since 100 years ago, but it was thought as an interesting field since 30 years ago, and since the year many research topics related to the suppressive soil are conducted and leading to be popular. Based on the characteristic, suppressive soil could be grouped into general suppressive involving an antagonistic microbe complex being nontransferable, and specific suppressive caused by one or some antagonistic microbe being transferable. Antagonism mechanism of the microbes involved in the suppressiveness could be through antibiosis, competision, parasitism, predatism, and induced resistance.

 

Banyak batasan tanah supresif diberikan oleh para ahli, namun dapat disarikan bahwa tanah supresif merupakan tanah dengan patogen virulen dan inang rentan tetapi populasi dan atau penyakit yang ditimbulkan tertekan, oleh faktor hayati yang didukung oleh lingkungan yang spesifik. Fenomena tanah supresif telah diketahui sejak lebih 100-an tahun yang lalu, namun mendapat perhatian baru sejak 30-an tahun yang lalu, dan sejak itu penelitian-penelitian yang mempelajari tanah supresif semakin banyak dan populer. Berdasarkan karateristiknya, tanah supresif ada dua kelompok yaitu supresif umum yang melibatkan kompleks mikrob antagonis yang tidak dapat dipindahkan (nontransferable), dan supresif khusus yang disebabkan satu atau beberapa mikrob antagonis yang dapat dipindahkan. Mekanisme antagonisme mikrob yang berperan dalam kesupresifan tanah dapat melalui antibiosis, kompetisi, parasitisme, predatisme, dan resistensi terimbas


Keywords


antagonisme, pengendalian hayati, tanah supresif; antagonism, biological control, suppressive soil

Full Text:

PDF PDF


References

Alabouvette, C. 1993. Naturally Occurring Diseasesuppressive Soils. p. 204–210 In R.D. Lumsden & J.L. Vaughn (eds.). Pest Management: Biologically Based Technologies. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC. Alabouvette, C., B. Schipper, P. Lemanceau, & P.A.H.M. Baker. 1998. Biological Control of Fusarium Wilts toward Development of Commercial Products, p. 15–36. In G.J. Boland & L.D. Kuykendall (eds.), Plant-microbe Interactions and Biological Control. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. Andrade, O.A., D.E. Mathre, & D.C. Sands. 1994. Natural Suppresion of Take-all Disease of Wheat in Montana Soils. Plant and Soil 164: 9–18. Baker, K.F. 1987. Evolving Concepts of Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. Annual Review of Phytopathology 25: 67–85. Bellows, T.S. 1999. Controlling Soil-born Pathogens. p. 699–712, In T.S. Bellows & T.W. Fisher (eds), Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications of Biological Control.Academic Press. San Diego California. Borneman, J. & J.O. Becker. 2007. Identifying Microorganisms Involved in Specific Pathogen Suppression in Soil. Annual Review of Phytopathology 45:153–172. Bruehl, G.W. 1987. Soilborne Plant Pathogens. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. 368 p. Cook, R.J. & K.F. Baker. 1983. The Nature and Practice of Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota. 539 p. Campbell, R. 1989. Biological Control of Microbial Plant Pathogens, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne-Sydney. 219 p. Davelos, A.L., L.L. Kinkel, & D.A. Samac. 2004. Spatial Variation in Frequency and Intensity of Antibiotic Interactions among Streptomycetes from Prairie Soil. University of California. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70:1051–1058. Davies, K.G., F.A.A.M. de Leij & B.R. Kerry. 1991. Microbial Agents for the Biological Control of Plant-parasitic Nematodes in Tropical Agriculture. Tropical Pest Management 37:303–320. Hadiwiono, Z.D. Fatawi, & I.R. Wulan. 2005. Induced Systemic Resistance of Peanut against Leaf Rust Disease by Potassium Phosphate Application. The 1st International Conference of Crop Security (ICCS) in September 20nd–22rd, 2005 at Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Hammerschmidt, R. 1999. Induced Disease Resistance: How Do Induced Plants Stop Pathogens? Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 55: 77–84. Hoitink, H.A.J. & Changa. 2004. Production and Utilization Guidelines for Disease Suppressive Compost, p. 87–92. In A. Vanachter (ed.), Managing Soil Born Pathogens. Can. Int. Dev. Agency. http://plantpath.osu.edu/Acta635-Hoitink.pdf, modified 24/11/2004. 16 p. Hoitink, H.A.J. & M.J. Boehm. 1999. Biocontrol within the Context of Soil Microbial Communities: a Substrate-dependent Phenomenon. Annual Review of Phytopathology 37: 427–446. Hornby, D. 1983. Suppressive Soil. Annual Review of Phytopathology 21: 65–85. Janvier, C., F.Villeneuve, C. Alabouvette, V. Edel-Hermann, T. Mateille & C. Steinberg. 2007.Soil Health through Soil Disease Suppression: which Strategy from Descriptors to Indicators? Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 1–23. Jatala, P. 1986. Biological Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes. Annual Review of Phytopathology 24:453–489. Komada, H. 1990. Biological Control of Fusarium Wilts in Japan. p. 65–213. In D. Hornby (ed.). Biological Control of Soil-borne Plant Pathogens. CAB. International.Wallingford. UK. Lemanceau, P. & C. Alabouvette, 1991. Biological Control of Fusarium-wilts by Fluorescent Pseudomonas and Non-pathogenic Fusarium. Crop Protection 10: 279–286. Lenteren, J.C., 2003. Integrated Pest Management in Greenhouses: Experiences of European Countries, p. 327–339. In K. Maredia (ed.), IPM in the Global Arena. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK. Liu, D., N.A. Anderson; & L.L. Kinkel. 1985. Biological Control of Potato Scab in the Field with Antagonistic Streptomyces scabies. Phytopathology 85: 827–831. Mazzola, M. 2007. Manipulation of Rhizosphere Bacterial Communities to Induce Suppressive Soils. Journal of Nematology 39: 213–220. Mucharromah, 1999. Induksi resistensi Sistemik Tanaman Kedelai terhadap Penyakit Antraknosa: Jenis dan Konsentrasi Agens IRS, p. 234–240. In Soedarmono (ed.), Prosiding Kongres Nasional XV dan Seminar Ilmiah Perhimpuanan Fitopatologi Indonesia. Jurusan HPT, Fakultas Pertanian, UNSOED. Purwokerto. Neate, S. 2004. In Search of Recipe for Disease Suppressive Soil. A Project of Agricultural Bureau of South Australia. http://www.betteroils.com,au/modul4/4_5.html, modified 24/11/04. 8 p. Olatinwo, R., B. Yin, J.O. Becker, & J. Borneman. 2006. Suppression of the Plant-Parasitic Nematode Heterodera schachtii by the Fungus Dactylella oviparasitica. Phytopathology 96: 111–114. Palti, J. 1981. Cultural Practices and Infectious Crop Disease. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. 237 p. Poromarto, S.H., B.D, Nelson, & T.P. Freeman. 1998. Study on Biological Control of Rhizoctonia solani on Soybean by Binucleate Rhizoctonia. Phytopathology 88: 1056–1067. Raupach, G. & J.W. Kloeper. 1998. Mixtures of Plant Growth promoting Rhizobacteria Enhance Biological Control of Multiple Cucumber Pathogens. Phytopathology 88:1158–1164. Reuveni, R., V. Agapov, M. Reuveni, & M. Raviv. 1996. Foliar Spray of NPK Fertilizers Induce Systemic Protection against Puccinia sorghi and Exserohilum turcicum and Growth Enhancement in Maize. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102:339–348. Sequeira, L. 1990. Induced Resistance: Physiology and Biochemistry, p. 663–678. In R.R. Baker & P.E. Dunn (eds), New Direction in Biological Control: Alternatives Suppressing Agricultural Pests and Diseases. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York. Sullivan, P. 2004. Sustainable Management of Soil-borne Plant Diseases. NCAT Agriculture Specialist.ATTRAPublication. http://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/ PDF/soilborne.pdf, modified 19/3/2007.31 p. Sticher, L.; B. Mauch-Mani; & J.P. Metraux. 1997. Systemic Acquired Resistance. Annual Review of Phythopathology 35: 235–270. Shurtleff, M.C. & C.W. Averre. 1997. Glossary of Plant Pathological Terms. APS Press. St. Poul, Minnesota. 361 p. Weller, D.M., J.M. Raaijmakers, B.B.McS. Garderner, & L.S. Tomshow. 2002. Microbial Populations Responsible for Specific Soil Suppressiveness to Plant Pathogens. Annual Review of Phytopathology 40: 309–348. Xue, L., P.M. Charest, & S.H. Jabaji-Hare. 1999. Systemic Induction of Peroxidases, 1,3-b-Glukanases, Chitinases, and Resistance in Bean Plants by Binucleate Rhizoctonia Species. Phytopathology 88: 359–365. Zadocks, J.C. 1993. Biological Control, p. 211–216. In J.C. Zadocks (ed.), Modern Crop Protection: Developments and Perspectives.Wageningen Pers.Wageningen. Zhang, W., D.Y. Han, W.A. Dick, K.R. Davis, & H.A.J. Hoitink. 1998. Compost and Compost Water Extract-induced Systemic Acquired Resistance in Cucumber and Arabidopsis. Phytopathology 88: 450–455.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11881

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2147 | views : 723 | views : 587

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :