Evaluasi Virulensi Virus Tungro dari Beberapa Daerah Endemi dan Uji Ketahanan Plasma Nutfah Padi

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11749

Suprihanto Suprihanto(1*), I Nyoman Widiarta(2), Dede Kusdiaman(3)

(1) Balai Besar Penelitain Tanaman Padi
(2) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
(3) Balai Besar Penelitain Tanaman Padi
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of tungro virus virulence from some endemic areas, the suitability of planting resistant varieties, and resistance of rice germplasms. Tungro virus isolates were collected from tungro-endemic areas in North Sumatra, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi. Tungro virus isolates were then inoculated using green leafhoppers Nephotettix virescens (Distant) to five differential varieties: Tukad Petanu, Bondoyudo, Kalimas, Tukad Balian, and Tukad Unda, and TN1 (as susceptible check). Level of virulence of tungro virus isolates and suitability planting of resistant varieties can be evaluated. Tungro virus isolate which has the highest virulence was used to test of resistant of rice germplasms. Results of tungro virulence test can be distinguished that there are 4 variants of virulence, namely: 073 (Subang, Bulukumba, Bantaeng, andWest Sulawesi isolates), 033 (Simalungun, Temanggung, and Palu), 031 (Kuningan andMagelang), and virulence 013 (Lanrang isolate). Tukad Petanu was still appropriate varieties to be planted in throughout the tungro-endemic areas (North Sumatra, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, and Central Sulawesi). Bondoyudo variety still suitables to be planted in the areas of Simalungun, Kuningan, Magelang, Temanggung, Lanrang, and Palu. While Tukad Unda variety still have the suitability of planting for areas Kuningan, Magelang, and Temanggung. Between 100 assesions of germplasm which were tested to high virulence of tungro (073) one resistant assession has been identified (Deli assesion), and as many as 25 assesions showed moderately resistant reaction.


Keywords


evaluation; rice germplasm, screening resistance, tungro virus; virulence

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anonim. 1995. Laporan Serangan Tungro di Jawa Tengah. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Bogor.

Anonim. 2007. Informasi Perkembangan Serangan OPT Padi Tahun 2006, Tahun 2005 dan Rerata 5 Tahun (2000–2004). Direktorat Perlindungan Tanaman Pangan. Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan.

Azzam O, R.C. Cabunagan, T. Chancellor (eds.). 2000. Methods for Evaluating Resistance to Rice Tungro Disease. Discussion Paper No. 38. International Rice Research Institute, Philipine. 40 p.

Burhanuddin, I.N. Widiarta, & A. Hasanuddin. 2006. Penyempurnaan Pengendalian Terpadu Penyakit Tungro dengan Strategi Menghindari Infeksi dan Pergiliran Varietas Tahan. Jurnal Hama Penyakit Tropika 6: 92–99.

Cabauatan, P.Q., R.C. Cabunagan, & H. Koganezawa. 1995. Biological Variant of Rice Tungro Viruses in the Philippines. Phytopatology 85: 77–81.

Dahal G, H. Hibino, & R.C. Saxena. 1990. Assosiation of Leafhopper Feeding Behavior with Transmission of Rice Tungro to Susceptible and Resistant Rice Cultivar. Phytopathology 80: 371–377.

Hasanuddin, A., Koesnang, & D. Baco. 1997. Rice Tungro Virus Disease in Indonesia; Present Status and Current Managemen Strategy, p. 94–102. In T.C.B. Chancellor & J.M. Thresh. (eds.), Epidemiology and Management of Rice Tungro Disease. National Resource Institute.

Chatam, UK. Hasanuddin,A. & I. N.Widiarta. 2006. Variation in Virulence of Virus Inoculums to Tungro Resistant Rice Varieties in Indonesia. p 301–307. In Sumarno, Suparyono, A.M. Fagi, & M.O. Adnyana (eds.). Rice Industry, Culture, and Environment. Book 1. Proceedings of Internationl Rice Conference 2005.

Tabanan, Bali, September 12–14, 2005. Hibino, H. & R.C. Cabunagan. 1986. Rice Tungro Associated Viruses and their Relation to Host Plants and Vector Leafhopper. Tropical Agricultural Research Series 19: 173–182.

Hibino, H., Roechan, & S. Sudarisman. 1978. Association of Two Types of Virus Particles with Penyakit Habang (Tungro Disease) of Rice in Indonesia. Phytopatology 68: 1412–1416.

IRRI. 1996. Standard Evaluation System for Rice. 4th ed. July 1996 INGER Genetic Resources Center. Manila, Philippines. 52 p.

Sama, S.,A. Hasanuddin, I.Manwan, R.C. Cabunagan, & H. Hibino. 1991. Integrated Rice Tungro Disease Management in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Crop Protection 10: 34–40.

Suprihanto. 2005. Diferensiasi Beberapa Isolat Rice Tungro Virus dengan Kultivar Padi Diferensial dan PCR-RFLP. Tesis. Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Suprihanto, I.N. Widiarta, & D. Kusdiaman. 2008. Virulensi Virus Tungro dari Tiga Daerah Endemi di Indonesia, p. 527–541. In Suprihatno, B., A.A. Daradjat, H. Suharto, H.M. Toha, A. Setyono, Suprihanto, A.S. Yahya (eds.), Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Padi Menunjang P2BN. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi, Subang.

Suprihanto, I.N.Widiarta, &M.Yasin. 2009. Variasi Biologis Virus Tungro dari Daerah Kuningan, Magelang, Temanggung, dan Lanrang, p. 463–469. In B. Suprihatno, A.A. Daradjat, Satoto, S.E. Baehaki, H. Suharto, & Suprihanto (eds.), Inovasi Teknologi Padi Mengantisipasi Perubahan Iklim Global Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Padi 2008 Buku 1. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi, 23–24 Juli 2008

Widiarta, I.N., D. Kusdiaman, A.A. Daradjat, & A. Hasanuddin. 2003. Identifikasi Variasi Virulensi Inokulum Tungro. Kumpulan Makalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian 202/2003. Buku II. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Padi. 13 p. (Unpublished).

Widiarta, I.N. 1993. Comparative Population Dynamics of Green Leafhoppers, Nephotettix virescens and N. cincticeps. Sokubutsu Boeki (Plant-Protection) 47: 396–399.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11749

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 881 | views : 1027

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2010 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Design by WibisenoIndexing & Abstracting , view my stats