Disease Incidence of Melon Leaf Curl in East Java and Special Province of Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11727

Ignatius Julijantono(1*), Susamto Somowiyarjo(2), Y. Andi Trisyono(3), Budi Setiadi Daryono(4)

(1) Department of Quality Control PT. Agrimakmur Pertiwi
(2) Faculty of Agriculture University of Gadjah Mada
(3) Faculty of Agriculture University of Gadjah Mada
(4) Faculty of Biology University of Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Geminivirus infection has caused severe losses on various economically important crops. The disease incidence on melon has been observed since 2004, and widespread at melon production centers in East Java and Special Province of Yogyakarta. In East Java and Special Province of Yogyakarta, the Disease Incidence of leaf curl on melon  reached 100% and 14.3 % respectively in 2008. Detection of the causal agent using primers of CPA5 and CPA2 resulted viral specific DNA fragment of 770 bp.

 

Infeksi penyebab penyakit yang disebabkan oleh geminivirus telah menyebabkan kerugian secara ekonomi berbagai jenis tanaman penting yang dibudidayakan. Kejadian penyakit pada tanaman melon telah diamati sejak tahun 2004, dan tersebar secara luas di pusat penanaman melon di Jawa Timur maupun Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Di Jawa Timur dan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), pada tahun 2008 kejadian penyakit daun keriting melon mencapai 100% dan 14,3%. Penyebab penyakit telah dideteksi menggunakan teknik polymerase chain reaction. Amplifikasi Fragmen DNA virus dari tanaman yang terinfeksi dihasilkan dengan ukuran 770 bp menggunakan sepasang primer CPA5 dan CPA2.


Keywords


Daun keriting melon; Disease Incidence; Geminivirus; kejadian penyakit; Melon leaf curl

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.11727

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