Efektivitas Trichoderma spp. sebagai Pengendali Hayati terhadap Tiga Patogen Tular Tanah pada Beberapa Jenis Tanaman Kehutanan

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10072

S. M. Widyastuti(1*), Sumardi Sumardi(2), P. Sumantoro(3)

(1) Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The experiment was aimed to compare Trichoderma spp. with fungicides in the control of soil-borne pathogens and to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the fungicides on the activity of Trichoderma spp. The first objective was achieved by applying antagonistic test of three isolates of Trichoderma spp. and inhibitory growth test of fungicides both against soil-borne pathogens. The second objective was attained by growing Trichoderma spp. on growth medium containing four level of fungicides.

The results showed that three isolates of Trichoderma were comparable to fungicides in their ability to inhibit root rot pathogens. T. koningii at a concentration of 103 spores/ml performed the same level of growth inhibition with that of 0.2 ppm captafol against Rigidoporus lignosus. T. reesei at a concentration of 104 spores/ml gave same inhibition effect with that of 25 ppm benomyl against Ganoderma sp., and T. harzianum at a concentration of 105 spores/ml had the same inhibition effect against Sclerotium rolfsii with captafol at a concentration of 20 ppm. The results also showed that fungicides could affect the activities of Trichoderma on the medium. Benomyl promoted the growth of T. reesei and T. harzianum at a concentration of 0.2 ppm while at a concentration of 20 ppm both of them could not grow.

Key words: Trichodema spp., soil-borne pathogens, fungicide activity


Full Text:

PDF


References

Agrios, G.N. 1988. Plant Pathology. Academic Press Inc., San Diego. California. 803 p.

Arifin, I.S.B. Dahlan & U. Dahlan. 1989. Potensi Antagonisme Jamur Tanah pada Areal Tanaman Teh terhadap Jamur Ganoderma pseudoferreum in vitro. Pros. Kongres Nasional Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia (PFI) X. Denpasar, 14—16 November 1989.

Betina, V. & V. Farkas. 1998. Sporulation and Light-Induced Development in Trichoderma, p. 75─94. Dalam Kubicek & Harman (eds.), Trichoderma and Gliocladium. Taylor & Francis Ltd. UK.

Cook, R.J. & K.F. Baker. 1983. The Nature and Practice of Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. APS Press, Am. Phyt. Soc., Minnesota. 539 p.

Danielson, R.M. & C.B. Davey. 1973b. Non-Nutritional Factors Affecting the Growth of Trichoderma in Culture. Soil Biol. Biochem. 5: 485─494.

Elad, Y., I. Chet, & J. Katan. 1979. Trichoderma harzianum: A Biological Control Agent Effective against Scierotium rolfsii and Rhizoctonia solani. Phytopathology 70 (2).

Guzman, D.E. 1981. Important Forest Tree Diseases and Their Control. Proc. Regional Training Course in Forest Pathology, Philippine. 19 p.

Harjono, S.M. Widyastuti & S. Margino. 2001. Pemumian dan Karakterisasi Enzim Endokitinase dan Agen Pengendali Hayati Trichoderma reesei. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 7 (2) (In press).

Ko, W. & Lockwood, J.L. 1967. Soil Fungistasis: Relation to Fungal Spore Nutrition. Phytopathology 57: 894─901.

Munnecke, D.E. 1972. Factors Affecting the Efficacy of Fungicides in Soil. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 10: 375─398.

Munnecke, D.E., M.J. Kolbezen, W.D. Wilbur & Ohr, H.D. 1981. Interactions Involved in Controlling Armillaria mellea Plant Dis. 65: 384─389.

Nakas, J.P. & C. Hagedom. 1990. Biotechnology of Plant-Microbe Interactions. McGraw-Hill, USA. 348 p.

Old, K.M, I.A. Hood & Q.Y. Zi. 1996. Diseases of Tropical Acacias in Northern Queensland, p. 1─22. Dalam Old, K.M., Lee S.S. & J.K. Sharma (eds.), Diseases of Tropical Acacias. Proc. Internat. Workshop, Subanjeriji (South Sumatera), CIFOR, Jakarta.

Patrich, Z.A. & T.A. Toussoun. 1970. Plant Residues an Organic Amendments in Relation to Biological Control, p. 440─459. Dalam Baker, K.F. & W.C. Snyder (eds.), Ecology of Soil Borne Plant Pathogens. Univ. California Press, Berkeley.

Semangun, H. 1991. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanainan Perkebunan di Indonesia. Gadjah Mada Univ. Press, Yogyakarta. 317 p.

Smith, W.H. 1970. Tree Pathology: A Short Introduction. Acad. Press, London. 309 p.

Webster, J. & C. Dennis. 1971. Antagonistic Properties of the Different Species Group of Trichoderma. II. Production of Volatile Antibiotics. Trans. Mycol. Soc. 57 (I): 41─48.

Widyastuti, S.M. & Sumardi. 1998. Antagonistic Potential of Trichoderma spp. against Root Rot Pathogen of Forest Tree Species. Asian J. Sustainable Agric. 2 (2): 1─8.

Widyastuti, S.M. & Sumardi. 1999. Trichoderma spp. as Decomposing and Biological Control Agents Isolated from Dipterocarp Forest in Jambi, p. 58─60. Proc. Int. Sem. Ecol. Approach for Productivity and Sustainability of Dipterocarp Forest. Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Widyastuti, S.M., Sumardi & Harjono. 1999. Potensi Antagonistik Tiga Trichoderma spp. terhadap Delapan Penyakit Akar Tanaman Kehutanan. Bul. Kehut. 41: 2─10.

Widyastuti, S.M., Sumardi & N. Hidayati. 1998b. Kemampuan Trichoderma spp. untuk Pengendalian Hayati Jamur Akar Putih pada Acacia mangium secara in vitro. Bul. Kehut. 36: 24─38.

Widyastuti, S.M., Sumardi, A. Sulthoni & Harjono. l998a. Pengendalian Hayati Penyakit Akar Merah pada Akasia dengan Trichoderma. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 4 (2): 65─72.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10072

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4163 | views : 2088

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :