Usaha Pemanfaatan Tanaman Antagonis untuk Mengendalikan Meloidogyne incognita dan Meloidogyne graminicola

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10070

B. Triman(1*), Mulyadi Mulyadi(2)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of the research was to find the antagonist plants for controlling the important plant parasitic nematodes i.e. Meloidogyne incognita on tomato and Meloidogyne graminicola on rice. The pots were arranged in Completely Randomized Design. Seven species of antagonist plants were used: Eclipta prostrata, Indigofera hirsuta, Digitaria sanguinalis, Eichhornia crassipes, Asparagus officinalis, Tagetes spp., and Crotalaria spp. Two experiments were done i.e. the antagonist plants were planted before the main crop and the antagonist plants were applied as an organic manure.

The research results showed: 1) antagonist plants i.e.: Tagetes spp., I. hirsuta., Crotalaria spp., and A. officinalis inhibited the growth and development of M. incognita on tomato; 2) application of Crotalaria spp., E. prostrata., I. hirsuta, and E. crassipes as organic manure reduced the population development of M. incognita on tomato; 3) antagonist plants i.e.: E. crassipes, D. sanguinalis, Tagetes spp., Crotalaria spp. and A. officinalis inhibited the growth and development of M. graminicola on rice; and 4) the use of Crotalaria spp., Tagetes spp. D. sanguinalis, E. crassipes, A. officinalis and E. prostrata as organic manure reduced the population development of M. graminicola on rice.

Key words: control, antagonist plant, plant parasitic nematodes


Full Text:

PDF


References

Anonim. 1970. Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematode. National Academy of Science. Washington, D.C. 172 p.

Bridge, J., M. Luc, & R.A.Plowright. 1990. Nematode Parasites of Rice, p. 69─108. In Luc et al. (eds.), Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. C.A.B. mt. Inst. Parasitology.

Bridge, 1. 1996. Nematode Management in Sustainable and Subsistence Agriculture. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 30: 201─225.

Brown, R.H. & B.R. Kerry. 1987. Principles and Practice of Nematode Control in Crops. Acad. Press, London. 447 p.

Dropkin, V.H. 1988. Introduction to Plant Neinatology. Second Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 305 p.

Erwin. 1997. Cara Pembuatan Kompos PTP Nusantara II (Persero). Balai Penelitian Tembakau Deli, Medan. 16 p.

Luc. M., R.A. Sikora & J. Bridge. 1990. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. C.A.B. lnt. Inst. of Parasitology. 625 p.

Mulyadi & Bambang R.T.P. 1979. Kemungkinan Penggunaan Tanaman Pupuk Hijau dalam Usaha Pemberantasan Nematoda Puru Akar (Meloidogyne spp.). Laporan penelitian Lembaga Penelitian UGM Yogyakarta. 27 p.

Mulyadi. 1997. Pengaruh Populasi Nematoda Puru Akar Meloidogyne graminicola terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 3 (1): 17─22.

Tanda, A.S. & A.S. Atwal. 1988. Effect of Sesame Intercropping against the Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in Okra. Nematologica 34: 484─492.

Untung, K. 1990. Konsep Pengendalian Hama Terpadu. Andi Offset. Yogyakarta. 150 p.

Winarno, F.G., A.F.S. Boediman, F. Silitonga & B. Soewardi. 1985. Limbah Hasil Pertanian. Kantor Menteri Muda Urusan Peningkatan Produksi Pangan, p. 11─30.

Zeck, M.W. 1971. A Rating Scheme for Field Evaluation of Root-Knot Nematode Infestation. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten. BayerAG 24: 141─144.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10070

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 484 | views : 201

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :