KETAHANAN BEBERAPA VARIETAS UNGGUL KEDELAI TERHADAP NEMATODA PURU AKAR (Meloidogyne incognita)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10019

Wayan Sukanaya(1*)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The aims of this experiment are to find the varieties of soybean which are resistant against root-knot nematode (M. incognita) and to determine its attractancy toward the roots of resistant and susceptible soybean varieties. The experiment was divided into two parts, both parts using Completely Randomized Design. The first part was designed to determine the resistance and the second one to determine attractancy. The experiments were conducted in a green house and Plant Pest and Disease Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University for 5 months.

Of the 23 varieties of soybean tested against M. incognita showed that two varieties (Petek and Rinjani) were moderately resistant, 11 varieties were moderately susceptible and 10 varieties were found to be susceptible. However, none of variety was resistant. While on attractancy of root test of moderately resistant and susceptible variety it was found that M. incognita was more attracted to root of susceptible variety (Ringgit) than to moderately resistant variety (Petek).

Key words: soybean, resistance, root-knot nematode


Full Text:

PDF


References

Brown, J.F. & Colbran. 1980. Nematodes as Plant Parasitic, p. 155─170. In J.F. Brown, A. Kerr, F.D. Morgan & I.H. Paberry (eds.) A Course Manual in Plant Protection. Vice-Concellor Committee, Hedges & Bell Pty, Ltd. Melbourne.

Curl, E.A. & R.R. Kabana. 1977. Herbicide Plant Disease Relationship, p. 173─180. In B. Truelove (ed.) Research Methods in Weed Science. Southern Weed Science Society, Alabama.

Dropkin, H.V. 1991. Pengantar Nematologi Tumbuhan. Edisi kedua. Diteijemahkan oleh Supratoyo, Gadjah Mada Univ. Press. 366 hIm.

Fassuliotis, G. 1979. Plant Breeding for Root-knot Nematodes Resistance, p 425─ 453. In F. Lamberti & Taylor (eds.) Root-knot Nernatodes (Meloidogyne Species) Systematics, Biology and Control. Acad. Press. London.

Freckman, D.W. & E. P. Caswell. 1985. The Ecology of Nematodes in Agroecosystem. Ann. Rev. Phytopath. 23: 275─296.

Herman, M. 1981a. Identifikasi Nematoda Puru Akar (Meloidogyne spp.) Pada Tanaman Kedelai. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Bogor. 5 hIm.

Herman, M. 1981b. Penelitian Pendahuluan Nematoda Puru Akar (Meloidogyne spp) Pada Tanaman Kacang-kacangan. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Bogor. 6 hIm.

Heroetadji, R.H. 1983. Resistance of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Varieties to Root-knot Nematodes Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica. Doctor of Philosophy Disertation, Los Banos, Philippines. 197 p.

Kogan, M. 1974. Plant Resistance in Pest Management, p. 103─143. In Metcalf, R.L. & W. H.Lukman (eds). Introduction to Pest Management. John Willey & Sons. N.Y.

Marwoto, B. 1994. Tanggapan Berbagai Kultivar Paprika Terhadap Nematoda Bengkak Akar (Meloidogyne spp.), p. 554—558. Dalam T. Wardiyati, Kuswanto, S. Notodimedjo, L. Soetopo, & L. Setyabudi (eds). Simposium Hortikuirura Nasional. Buku I, Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia bekerja sama dengan FP UNIBRAW. Malang, 8─9 November 1994.

Marwoto, E. Wahyuni & K.E. Neering. 1991. Pengelolaan Pestisida dalam Pengendalian Hama Kedelai secara Terpadu. Deptan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan. Malang. 12 hlm.

Sikora R. A. & N. Greco. 1995. Nematoda Parasitik pada Legum Bahan Pangan, 237─424. Dalam M. Luc, R.A. Sikora & Bridge (eds.). Nematoda Parasitik Tumbuhan di Pertanian Subtropik don Tropik. Diterjemahkan oleh Supratoyo, Gadjah Mada Univ. Press, Yogyakarta.

Tantera, D.M. 1986. Nematodes Population on Soybean Crops in Jasinga. West Java. Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Balittan Bogor. Vol. 2, Palawija. Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Bogor. HIm. 132─134.

Weischer, B. 1977. Meloidogyne spp. p. 251─255. In J. Kranz , H. Schmutterer & W. Koch (eds.) Diseases, Pests, and Weeds in Tropical Crops. John Wiley, New York.

Widodo, D. 1986. llama dan Penyakit Kedelai. Penerbit Pustaka Buana, Bandung. 90 hlm.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.10019

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 488 | views : 265

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :