Effective Health Screening Strategies for Overcoming Non-Communicable Diseases in Sambimulyo Village, Banyuwangi Regency

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.78068

Tazkia Izzatun Az Zahra(1), Era Samudra Hambin(2), Tsabitah Virza Novirianingtyas(3), Tri Yoga Wicaksono(4), Lailia Wahyuliana(5), Aulia Seftya Wardhani(6), Kayla Juwita Qalbu Latifa(7), Rafi Amrullah(8), Putri Fatimahtuz Zahra Puji Anggar Wati(9), Ayik Mirayanti Mandagi(10*)

(1) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(2) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(5) Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(6) Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(7) Faculty of Social and Politic Science, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(8) Faculty of Social and Politic Science, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(9) Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
(10) Public Health Study Program, School of Health and Life Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Banyuwangi, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are chronic conditions that cannot be transmitted from one person to another. These conditions do not usually cause symptoms at first, but over time they can progress and damage the affected organ, leading to complications or even death. A lack of public knowledge about NCDs is a major contributor to complications and deaths from these diseases. To address this issue, a series of activities have been organized as part of the Movement for the Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. These activities focus on understanding the definitions, risk factors, prevention methods, and symptoms of diabetes, hypertension, and hyperuricemia. This study used a descriptive observational method, collecting primary data from pre- and post-test responses and health test results. In the first intervention, information about NCDs was provided and participants’ knowledge was increased by 31.25%. The second intervention was a health screening, which included measuring blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Uric acid levels were also measured at five points in Sambimulyo Village, with 129 participants. The results showed that 41.1% had high blood pressure, 29.5% were classified as diabetic, and 18.8% had high uric acid levels. These activities increased public knowledge about NCDs, provided information about the community’s risk factors, and improved communication, education, and information about how to manage these conditions.


Keywords


Diabetes; Hypertension; Hyperuricemia; Non-communicable disease

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aihemaitijiang, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., Yang, J., Ye, C., Halimulati, M., Zhang, W., & Zhang, Z. (2020). The Association between Purine-Rich Food Intake and Hyperuricemia: A Cross-Sectional Study in Chinese Adult Residents. Nutrients, 12(12), 3835. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123835

Asamoah-Boaheng, M., Sarfo-Kantanka, O., Tuffour, A. B., Eghan, B., & Mbanya, J. C. (2019). Prevalence and risk factors for diabetes mellitus among adults in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Health, 11(2), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihy067

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Diabetes test. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/getting-tested.html

Dhianawaty, D., Dahlan, A., Rizky, M., Syamsunarno, S. & Heryaman, H. (2017). Profil tekanan darah dan pemeliharaan kesehatan masyarakat nelayan di Desa Kanci Kulon, Kecamatan Astana Japura, Kabupaten Cirebon. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(2),96–100.

Doll, R. (1995). Chronic and degenerative disease: major causes of morbidity and death. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 62(6), 1301S–1305S. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/62.6.1301S

George, C. & Minter, D.A. (2022). Hyperuricemia. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459218

Iqbal, A. M., & Jamal, S. F. (2022). Essential hypertension. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539859/

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Hasil utama Riskesdas 2018. In Litbang Kemkes. https://www.litbang.kemkes.go.id/hasil-utama-riskesdas-2018/

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Penyakit tidak menular kini ancam usia muda. https://www.kemkes.go.id/article/view/20070400003/penyakit-tidak-menular-kini-ancam-usia-muda.html

Khasanah, D. N. (2022). The risk factors of hypertension in Indonesia (data study of indonesian family life survey5). Journal of Public Health Research and Community Health Development, 5(2), 80–89. https://doi.org/10.20473/jphrecode.v5i2.27923

National Cancer Institute. (2022). NCI dictionary of cancer terms. https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/blood-pressure

National Center for Biotechnology Information. (2022). PubChem compound summary for CID 1175, uric acid. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Uric-acid

National Health Services. (2019). What is blood pressure? https://www.nhs.uk/common-health-questions/lifestyle/what-is-blood-pressure.

Ni, Q., Lu, X., Chen, C., Du, H., & Zhang, R. (2019). Risk factors for the development of hyperuricemia: A STROBE-compliant cross-sectional and longitudinal study. Medicine, 98(42), e17597. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000017597

Notoatmodjo, S. (2007). Promosi kesehatan & ilmu perilaku. Rineka Cipta.

Panghiyangani, R., Arifin, S., Fakhriadi, R., Kholishotunnisa, S., Annisa, A., Nurhayani, S., & Herviana, N. (2018). Efektivitas metode penyuluhan kesehatan terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan tentang pencegahan keputihan patalogis. Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, 4(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.20527/JBK.V4I1.5655

Pinto, E. (2007). Blood pressure and ageing. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 83(976), 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1136/pgmj.2006.048371

Purnamasari, D. (2018). The Emergence of non-communicable disease in Indonesia. Acta medica Indonesiana, 50(4), 273–274.

Pursriningsih, S. S., & Panunggal, B. (2015). Hubungan asupan purin, vitamin c dan aktivitas fisik terhadap kadar asam urat pada remaja laki-laki. Journal of Nutrition College, 4(1), 24-29. https://doi.org/10.14710/jnc.v4i1.8617

Rahman, N. (2018). Pengaruh promosi kesehatan memakai metode penyuluhan terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan siswi kelas X tentang keputihan di SMAN 5 Padang. Menara Ilmu, 12(8), 123-128.

Salasa, Z., Lumongga, N., & Syahrial, E. (2013). Pengaruh penyuluhan dengan metode ceramah dan diskusi terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap anak tentang PHBS di Sekolah Dasar Negeri 065014 Kelurahan Namogajah Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan tahun 2013. Kebijakan, Promosi Kesehatan dan Biostatistika, 2(1). https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/index.php/kpkb/article/view/2085

Siswanto, Y., & Lestari, I. P. (2020). Pengetahuan penyakit tidak menular dan faktor risiko perilaku pada remaja. Pro Health Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 2(1), 1-6.

Sirait, A. M., Sulistiowati, E., Sihombing, M., Kusuma, A., & Idayani, S. (2015). Incident and risk factor of diabetes mellitus in adults at Bogor. Prospective cohort study risk factors non comunicable diseases. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.22435/hsr.v18i2.4315.151-160

Siregar, R. A., Amahorseja, A. R., Adriani, A., & Andriana, J. (2020). Pemeriksaan kadar glukosa darah sewaktu, kadar asam urat dan kadar cholesterol pada masyarakat di Desa Eretan Wetan Kabupaten Indramayu periode Februari 2020. Jurnal Comunità Servizio: Jurnal Terkait Kegiatan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, Terkhusus Bidang Teknologi, Kewirausahaan dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 2(1), 291 - 300. https://doi.org/10.33541/cs.v2i1.1511

World Health Organization. (2020). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

World Health Organization. (2021). Noncommunicable disease. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.78068

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1136 | views : 710

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

ISSN (print) 2460-9447ISSN (online) 2541-5883