Losing Weight through Regular Exercise among Overweight/Obesity Women Aged 35-45 years

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.62670

Yusni Yusni(1*), Amiruddin Amiruddin(2), Razali Razali(3)

(1) Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
(2) Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
(3) Physical Education, Health and Recreation, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Exercise is a simple and low-cost way to lose weight, but many people have become apprehensive to provide it. This activity aims to shift the community’s lifestyle from sedentary to active by encouraging physical activity through frequent gymnastics. Darussalam housewives gathered near the Universitas Syiah Kuala campus. There were two groups of 20 people: regular participants (n=11) and non-regular participants (n=9). Everyone in the study was between the ages of 30-45. Participants’ body weight (BW), height, and Body Mass Index (BMI) were measured before and after treatment. Participants did 60 minutes of gymnastics modified from Zumba, Aerobic, and Salsa, 3–4 times per week, at 05.00–06.00 p.m, for 12 weeks (3 months), and without any special diet. The regular group’s average age was 35.3 years, whereas the non-regular group’s average age was 36.78 years. The results showed that 80 percent and 22.22 percent of participants in the regular and non-regular groups, respectively, lost weight. Before and after exercise, the regular group’s mean BW decreased by 3.65 kg (68.25 and 84.6 vs. 59.19 and 59.25 kg), while the non-regular group’s BW increased by 0.06 kg. The regular exercise group’s BMI dropped by 1.53 kg/m2 after gymnastics (28.45 and 26.92 vs. 27.01 and 27.01 kg/m2), while the non-regular exercise group’s BMI remained unchanged. Gymnastic movements have been modified to include Zumba, Aerobics, and Salsa, which could reduce BW and BMI. As a result, sustained exercise is required to help people reduce their risk of obesity. This practice has helped the government of the Republic of Indonesia’s efforts to increase physical activity and decrease the sedentary lifestyle in the population, thereby improving societal health. Obesity in women can be treated and prevented with regular exercise.

 


Keywords


Lifestyle; Obesity; Overweight; Young women

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adiwinanto W. (2008). Effect of school exercise intervention on body mass index and physical fitness of obese adolescents. [Master’s thesis, Universitas Diponegoro]. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/28849/1/Wahyu_Adiwinanto_Tesis.pdf

Aktar, N., Qureshi, N. K., & Ferdous, H. S. (2017). Obesity: A review of pathogenesis and management strategies in adult. Delta Medical College Journal, 5(1), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.3329/dmcj.v5i1.31436

Anam, M., Mexitalia, M., Widjanarko, B., Pramono, A., Susanto, H., & Subagio, H. W. (2010). Pengaruh intervensi diet dan olahraga terhadap indeks massa tubuh, lemak tubuh, dan kesegaran jasmani pada anak obes. Sari Pediatri, 12(1), 36–41. https://doi.org/10.14238/sp12.1.2010.36-41

Arora, A. (2019). Fighting obesity with a smile. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health, 3(5), 64–70.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2010). Riset kesehatan dasar 2010. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. http://labdata.litbang.kemkes.go.id/images/download/laporan/RKD/2010/lp_rkd2010.pdf

Brellenthin, A. G., Lee, D. C., Bennie, J. A., Sui, X., & Blair, S. N. (2021). Resistance exercise, alone and in combination with aerobic exercise, and obesity in Dallas, Texas, US: A Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS Medicine, 18(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003687

Domaradzki, J., Cichy, I., Rokita, A., & Popowczak, M. (2020). Effects of tabata training during physical education classes on body composition, aerobic capacity, and anaerobic performance of under-, normal- and overweight adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 876. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030876

Fepriyanto, A., Helaprahara, D., & Rasyid, A. (2019). The impact of low impact aerobic gymnastics on body mass index and thigh circumference. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 4(1), 103–110.

Fernandez, A. C., Túlio de Mello, M., Tufik, S., Morcelli de Castro, P., & Fisberg, M. (2004). Influence of the aerobic and anaerobic training on the body fat mass in obese adolescents. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Do Esporte, 10(3), 152–164. https://doi.org/10.1590/s151786922004000300004

Flodmark, C. E., Lissau, I., Moreno, L. A., Pietrobelli, A., & Widhalm, K. (2004). New insights into the field of children and adolescents obesity: The European perspective. International Journal of Obesity, 28(10), 1189–1196. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0802787

Gallagher, D., Heymsfield, S. B., Heo, M., Jebb, S. A., Murgatroyd, P. R., & Sakamoto, Y. (2000). Healthy percentage body fat ranges: An approach for developing guidelines based on body mass index. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(3), 694–701. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/72.3.694

Girdhar, S., Sharma, S., Chaudhary, A., & Bansal, P. (2016). An epidemiological study of overweight and obesity among women in an urban area of North India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 41(2), 154–157. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.173492

Harbuwono, D. S., Pramono, L. A., Yunir, E., & Subekti, I. (2018). Obesity and central obesity in Indonesia: Evidence from a national health survey. Medical Journal of Indonesia, 27(2), 114–120.

Helble, M., & Francisco, K. (2017). The imminent obesity crisis in Asia and the Pacific: First cost estimates. Asian Development Bank Institute.

Ho, S. S., Dhaliwal, S. S., Hills, A. P., & Pal, S. (2012). The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance, or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/14712458-12-704

Japutra, A., Fadlyana, E., & Alam, A. (2015). Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children. Paediatrica Indonesiana, 55(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.14238/pi55.1.2015.35-9

Lambert, E. V, & Goedecke, J. H. (2003). Energy balance and energy expenditure in obesity-is obesity a disease of inactivity?. Sports Medicine, February, 21–25.

Lee, S. J., & Ryu, H. K. (2018). Relationship between dietary intakes and the double burden of malnutrition in adults of Malang, Indonesia: An exploratory study. Nutrition Research and Practice, 12(5), 426–435.

Low, S., Chin, M. C., Ma, S., Heng, D., & Deurenberg-yap, M. (2002). Rationale for redefining obesity in Asians. Annals Academy of Medicine, 38, 66–74.

Mazzeo, F. (2018). Current concept of obesity. Sport Science 9, 2.

Muriyati, M., Patima, P., & Suswani, A. (2018). Aerobic exercise on body mass index (BMI) change in personwith overweight and obesity. Indonesian Nursing Journal of Education and Clinic (Injec), 2(1), 32. https://doi.org/10.24990/injec.v2i1.5

Naureen, I., Saleem, A., Naeem, M., Bilal, N.-M., Hassan, G. M., Shafiq, M., Hussain, M., & Roohullah, S. (2022). Effect of exercise and obesity on human physiology. Scholars Bulletin, 8(1), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.36348/sb.2022.v08i01.003

Petridou, A., Siopi, A., & Mougios, V. (2019). Exercise in the management of obesity. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 92, 163–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2018.10.009

Philippou, A., Chryssanthopulos, C., Maridaki, M., & Koutsilieris, M. (2019). The role of exercise in obesity. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews, 13(5), 2861–2862. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2019.07.061

Pyšná, J., Pyšný, L., Cihláˇr, D., Petr˚u, D., & Škopek, M. (2020). Effect of physical activity on obesity in second stage pupils of elementary schools in Northwest Bohemia. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(23), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310042

Salomé, A., Barnes, J., & Tremblay, M. (2017). New sedentary behaviour definitions: A terminology consensus project by the sedentary behaviour research network. Wellspring, 28(10), 1–5.

Suman, C. (2016). Aerobic exercise programme and reduction in body weight and body mass index (BMI). Galore International Journal of Health Sciences Research, 1(1), 41–44. https://www.gijhsr.com/GIJHSR_Vol.1_Issue.1_Dec2016/7.pdf

Swift, D. L., Johannsen, N. M., Lavie, C. J., Earnest,C. P., & Church, T. S. (2014). The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 56(4), 441–447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2013.09.012

Tremblay, M. S., Colley, R. C., Saunders, T. J., Healy, G. N., & Owen, N. (2010). Physiological and health implications of a sedentary lifestyle. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 35(6), 725–740. https://doi.org/10.1139/h10-079

Tremblay, M. S., Pérez, C. E., Ardern, C. I., Bryan, S. N., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2005). Obesity, overweight and ethnicity. Health Reports, 16(4), 23–34.

Vasudevan, D. A., Klawans, M. R., Northrup, T. F., & Stotts, A. L. (2015). Diagnosis and management of obesity among South Asians-a paradigm. Journal of Family Medicine Community Health, 2(7), 1–5.

Wiklund, P. (2016). The role of physical activity and exercise in obesity and weight management: Time for critical appraisal. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 5(2), 151–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.04.001

Wollaston, S., Conservative, M. P., Cooper, R., Labour, M. P., Lancashire, W., George, A., & West, B. N. (2015). Impact of physical activity and diet on health. House of Commons.

World Health Organization. (2010). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. WHO Press. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK305057/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK305057.pdf

Yusni. (2014). Lose weight and prevent obesity by aerobic gymnastics. Proceedings of The 4th Annual International Conference Syiah Kuala University (AIC Unsyiah) 2014 In Conjunction with The 9th Annual International Workshop and Expo on Sumatra Tsunami Disaster and Recovery – AIWEST-DR 2014, 144–148. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/174600EN-lose-weight-and-prevent-obesity-byaerob.pdf

Zaharia, A., Dobrescu, T., & Rata, G. (2013). The effectiveness of aerobic gymnastics means in preventing and fighting obesity. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov, 6(1), 1–4.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.62670

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 251 | views : 244

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

ISSN (print) 2460-9447ISSN (online) 2541-5883