Pemanfaatan Limbah Ternak Kelinci untuk Pembuatan Pupuk Organik Padat dan Cair

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.53322

Nurhidayati Nurhidayati(1*), Abdul Basit(2)

(1) Departemen Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Islam Malang
(2) Departemen Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Islam Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Universitas Islam Malang memiliki desa binaan yang terletak di Desa Codo, Kecamatan Wajak, Kabupaten Malang. Mayoritas masyarakat desa ini beraktivitas di bidang pertanian dan peternakan. Beberapa tahun terakhir, peternak di Desa Codo mengembangkan peternakan kelinci hingga terbentuk kelompok peternak kelinci. Namun, peningkatan jumlah peternak kelinci memunculkan permasalahan baru, yaitu melimpahnya limbah kotoran kelinci. Penanganan yang tepat diperlukan untuk mengatasi masalah limbah tersebut. Hal ini mendorong UIM untuk melaksanakan program pengabdian masyarakat dalam rangka transfer teknologi pembuatan pupuk organik padat dan cair yang berasal dari kotoran kelinci. Kegiatan dibagi dalam tiga tahap pelaksanaan, yaitu penyuluhan tentang pentingnya penggunaan pupuk organik untuk kesuburan tanah dan diskusi perihal berbagai masalah kesuburan tanah di lahan pertanian. Kegiatan kedua dan ketiga adalah pelatihan pembuatan kompos padat dan cair. Kegiatan ini dimulai pada Agustus–November 2019 dengan melibatkan mahasiswa sebagai fasilitator. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa pelatihanpemanfaatan kotoran kelinci sebagai pupuk organik padat dan cair dapat memberikan pengetahuan tambahan bagi peternak kelinci. Peternak kelinci juga mendapatkan informasi tentang kualitas kompos kotoran kelinci dan kompos campuran serta dampaknya terhadap kesuburan lahan pertanian. Luaran kegiatan ini adalah 83% masyarakat telah mampu membuat pupuk organik dari kotoran kelinci dan menghasilkan produk pupuk organik padat dan cair dengan komposisi kimia yang berbeda.

Keywords


Kompos cair; Kotoran kelinci; Kompos padat; Kualitas pupuk organik

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aderemi, F.T., Adewoye, A.A , Aderemi, A.M., Shaib-Rahim, H.O., & Roberts, A.E. (2020). Comparative effects of rabbits dung, NPK 15:15:15 and cow dung on the growth and yield of pepper. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies (IJIRAS, 7(8), 163—165.

Anggrayni, Y., Bandem, P.D., & Sirojul, A.M. (2013). Pengaruh pemberian pupuk kotoran kelinci terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kailan pada tanah Alluvial. Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian, 2(1), 1— 5.

Caravaca, F., Lax, A., & Albaladejo,J. (1999). Organic matter, nutrient contents and cation exchange capacity in fine fractions from semiarid calcareous soils. Geoderma, 93(1999), 161—176.

Castro Filho, C., Lourenco, & A., Guimaraes, F. (2002). Aggregate stability under different soil management systems in red latosol in the state of Parana, Brazil. Soil & Tillage Research, 65(2002), 45—51.

Centre for Recycled Organics in A griculture, NSW Industry and Investment. (2010). Using Recycled Organics And Manures In Grain-Cropping Systems. Recycled Organik Fertiliser Fact Sheet. Grain Research & Developments Corporation (GRDC). www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/research/centres/croa

Chilom, G., Bruns, A.S., & Rice, J.A. (2009). Aggregation of humic acid in solution: Contributions of different fractions. Organic Geochemistry, 40(4), 455—460.

Dinesh, R., Srinivasan, V., Ganeshamuthry, A.N., & Hamza, S. (2012). Effect of Organic Fertilizers on Biological Parameters Influencing Soil Quality and Productivity. In Rajeev Pratap Singh (Ed.), Organic Fertilizers Types, Production and Environmental Impact. ISBN: 978-1-62081-457-4 (eBook). Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York.

Funderburg, E.D. (2001). What does organic matter do in soil? https://www.noble.org/news/publications/ag-news-and-views/2001/august/what-does-organic-matter-do-in-soil/

Hartatik, W., Husnain, & Widowati L., R. (2015). Peranan pupuk organik dalam peningkatan produktivitas tanah dan tanaman. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 9(2), 107—120.

Havlin, J.L, Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, A.L., & Nelson, W.L. (2005). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers (7th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Khalid, A., Mehdi, M., Imane, T.A., Kenny, L. & Soudi, B. (2013). Effect of slow release organik nitrogen fertilizer combined with compost on soil fertility, yield and quality of organik zucchini in sandy Soil. Conference Paper June 2013. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.4396.5442

Niassy, S. & Diarra, K. (2012). Effects of Organic Inputs in Urban Agriculture and Their Optimization For Poverty Alleviation In Senegal, West-Africa. In Rajeev Pratap Singh, Organik Fertilizers Types, Production And Environmental Impact. ISBN: 978-1-62081-457-4 (eBook). Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York.

Nurhidayati, Arisoesilaningsih, E., Soeprayogo, D., & Hairiah K. (2011). Long-term impact of conventional soil management to earthworm diversity and density on sugarcane plantation in East Java. Journal of Nature Studies, 10(2),16—25.

Nurhidayati, Suprayogo, D, Arisoesilaningsih, E., & Hairiah, K. (2015). Improvement of physical and biological quality of soil in a sugarcane plantation through the management of organic matter input. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, 5(2015), 316—324. https://doi.org/10.17265/2161-6256/ 2015.05.002

Nurhidayati. (2017). Kesuburan dan Kesehatan Tanah: Suatu Pengantar Penilaia Kualitas Tanah Menuju Pertanian Berkelanjutan. ISBN: 978-602-1507-68-1. Intimedia.

Nurhidayati, Ali, U., & Murwani, I.. (2017). Chemical composition of vermicompost made from organik wastes through the vermicomposting and composting with the addition of fish meal and egg shells flour. Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research, 6(2), 127—136. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jpacr.2017. 006.02.309

Parfit, R.L., Giltrap, D.J., & Whitton, J.S. (1995). Contribution of organic matter and clay minerals to the cation exchange capacity of soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 26(9-10):1343-1355.

Profil Desa Codo. (2018). Profil Desa Codo, Kecamatan Wajak, Kabupaten Malang, Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Ruminta A., Wahyudin, M.L., & Hanifa. (2017). Pengaruh pupuk N,P,K dan pupuk organik kelinci terhadap hasil sorgum (Sorghum bicolor [Linn.] Moench) di lahan tadah hujan Jatinangor. Jurnal Kultivasi, 16(2), 362—367.

Saidi, D. (2012). Importance and role of cation exchange capacity on the physicals properties of the cheliff saline soils (Algeria). Procedia Engineering, 33(2012), 435—449.

Sajimin. (2011). Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) sebagai Tanaman pakan Ternak Harapan di Indonesia. Balai Penelitian Ternak, Bogor.

Sazzad, M.H., Islam, M.T., & Chowdhury, F. (2013). A Review & Outlook of Slow-Release Fertilizer: A breakthrough product for agronomy & horticulture. ISBN: 978-3-659-41507-4. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Supartha, I.Y.N., Wijana, G., & Adnyana, G.M. (2012). Aplikasi jenis pupuk organik pada tanaman padi system pertanian organik. Jurnal Agrotektropika, 1(2), 98—106.

Wolf, B. & Snyder, G. (2003). Sustainable Soils: The Place of Organic Matter in Sustaining Soils and Their Productivity. Food Product Press. An Imprint of The Haworth Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpkm.53322

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2523 | views : 5340

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

ISSN (print) 2460-9447ISSN (online) 2541-5883