Hubungan Antara Preferensi Belajar Terhadap Gangguan Depresi dan Gangguan Cemas Pada Mahasiswa Preklinik Suatu Fakultas Kedokteran

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.32233

Carissa Faustina(1*), Dharmady Agus(2)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atmajaya, Jakarta - INDONESIA
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atmajaya, Jakarta - INDONESIA
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Students have different learning preferences in terms of assimilation and processing information. VARK learning preferences, which were introduced by Fleming, can identify learning preferences based on sensory modality. The model categorizes students into four different learning preferences, namely visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic. In his book, Westwood stated that the wrong application of learning preferences may lead to depressive disorder and anxiety disorder.

Method: This study is a cross sectional study. The study was conducted by interviewing respondents to determine whether they have  depressive disorder and anxiety disorder. Respondents will fill up a VARK questionnaire to determine their learning preferences. Samples will be collected from as many as 260 pre-clinical student of faculty of medicine of Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia. Data will be collected and analyzed by using Chi Square test.

Results: The result showed that there is no significant relationship between learning preferences and depressive disorder (p = 1,000), as well as anxiety disorder (p=0,477).

Conclusion: There is no relationship between learning preferences and depressive disorder, as well as anxiety disorder.


Keywords


Learning preferences, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, preclinical student

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Dwi Prasetya F. Pengaruh gaya belajar terhadap prestasi belajar mata diklat listrik otomotif siswa kelas xi teknik perbaikan bodi otomotif smkn 2 depok sleman. [Yogyakarta]: Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negri Yogyakarta; 2012.
  2. Universitas Indonesia. Peraturan pemerintah Republik Indonesia nomor 32 tahun 2013 tentang perubahan atas peraturan pemerintah nomor 19 tahun 2005. UI; 2013.
  3. Prithishkumar I, Michael S. Understanding your student: Using the VARK model. J Postgrad Med. 2014;60(2):183–6.
  4. Westwood P. Learning and learning difficulties. Univ Hongkong. 2004;
  5. Lujan HL, DiCarlo SE. First-year medical students prefer multiple learning styles. Adv Physiol Educ. 2006;30(1):13–6.
  6. Ganesh A, Ratnakar UP. Learning preferences of PG and UG students: application of VARK. SCMS J Indian Manag. 2014;11(3):26–36.
  7. Eller T, Aluoja A, Vasar V, Veldi M. Symptoms of anxiety and depression in Estonian medical students with sleep problems. Depress Anxiety. 2006;23(4):250–6.
  8. Karaoglu N, Seker M. Anxiety and depression in medical students related to desire for and expectations from a medical career. West Indian Med J. 2010 Mar;59(2):196–202.
  9. Hariyanto AD, Surjadi C, Joewana S. Prevalensi depresi dan faktor yang mempengaruhi pada mahasiswa fakultas kedokteran universitas katolik Indonesia atma jaya angkatan 2007 [skripsi]. [Jakarta]: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya; 2010.
  10. Prevalensi dan faktor faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan tingkat gejala depresi pada mahasiswa program studi pendidikan dokter fakultas kedokteran universitas tanjungpura [skripsi]. [Pontianak]: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tanjungpura; 2014.
  11. Liew S-C, Sidhu J, Barua A. The relationship between learning preferences (styles and approaches) and learning outcomes among pre-clinical undergraduate medical students. BMC Medical Education. 2015;15:44.
  12. Seyal AH, A Rahman MN. Understanding Learning Styles, Attitudes and Intentions in Using e-Learning System: Evidence from Brunei. World Journal of Education. 2015;5(3).
  13. Syah NA. Konsistensi Kurikulum pada Problem-Based Learning (PBL). Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Profesi Kesehatan Indonesia. 2008;3.
  14. Suhoyo Y, Emilia O. Perbandingan Efektifitas antara Computer Based Learning dan Kuliah sebagai Metode Pengajaran Bioetika pada Mahasiswa Baru Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Profesi Kesehatan Indonesia. 2008:3:157–65.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.32233

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 415 | views : 1412

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia; The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by:


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

JPKI Stats