Hubungan Antara Kepribadian Dasar dan Kapasitas Mental dengan Persepsi, Perilaku dan Intensi Integritas Akademik

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.25278

Hikmah Muktamiroh(1*), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(2), Soenarto Sastrowijoto(3)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jakarta
(2) Bagian Pendidikan Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Bagian Pendidikan Kedokteran, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Educational institutions must promote the learning of professional behavior as early as possible and conduct evaluation of the implementation, including evaluation of the academic integrity implementation. This study aims to determine the academic integrity perception, behavior and intention of students and their relation to mental capacity and basic personality of students based on the MMPI-2 measurements.

Method: This was a non-experimental, conducting quantitative survey involving 209 medical students from one of Faculty of Medicine in Indonesia.

Results: The relationship between mental capacity and basic personality based on the measurement of MMPI-2 and the perceptions, attitude and intentions of academic integrity were found. On mental capacity, a correlation was found between potential performance and perceptions (r = 0.169 and p = 0.014) and academic integrity behavior (r = 0.170 and p = 0.014), between adaptability and perception of academic integrity of fellow students (r = 0.149 and p = 0.032), between psychological constraints and academic integrity behavior score (r = 0.137 and p = 0.049) and between moral integrity and perception score of academic integrity (r = - 0.220 and p = 0.001). On the basic personality, there was a correlation between openness to pressure and perceptions of academic integrity of fellow students (r = 0.141 and p = 0.041), as well as between basic personality and perception (r = 0.169 and p = 0.014) and academic integrity behavior (r = 0.154 and p = 0.026).

Conclusion: There is a correlation in some variables of mental capacity and basic personality based on MMPI-2 to perception and academic integrity behavior.

 


Keywords


Professional behavior, academic integrity, mental capacity, basic personality

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Passi V, Doug M, Peill Ed, Thistlethwaite J, Johnson N. Developing medical professionalism in future doctors: a systematic review. Int. J. Medical Education. 2010; 1:19-29.
  2. Petersdorf RG. A matter of Integrity. Ac Med. 1989; 64: 119-23
  3. Swick, H. Toward A Normative Definition of Medical Professionalism. Ac Med. 2000;75(6):612-16.
  4. Van Luijk SJ. editors. Professional behaviour: Teaching, Assessing and Coaching Students. Final report. Project Team Consilium Abeundi. Maastricht: Universitaire Pers Maastricht; 2005 .
  5. General Medical Council & Medical Schools Council. Medical students: Professional behaviour and fitness to practise, Guidance from the GMC  and the MSC. 2007. [cited 2011 Mar 3] Available from: www.gmc-uk.org/education/.../professional_behaviour.asp  
  6. The Center of Academic Integrity. The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity. Duke University. 1999. [cited 2011 Oct 23] Available from: www. academicintegrity. org/ fundamental_values.../FVProject.pdf
  7. Maslim R. Manual Pelatihan MMPI-2 Indonesia. Jakarta: Indonesian Center for Mental Health Training and Research (ICMTR); 2005.
  8. Musharyanti L. Persepsi dan Perilaku Mahasiswa Keperawatan tentang Integritas Akademik di Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada [Tesis].Yogyakarta (Indonesia) Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2010.
  9. Butcher JN, Graham JR. Adolescent & Elderly Adults. In: Greene RL. The MMPI-2 an interpretive Manual, second ed, chapter. 10, Allyn & Bacon A Pearson Educational Company; 1989.
  10. Syamsuddin L, Syauki. Profil MMPI dan Indeks Prestasi (IP) Mahasiswa Kedokteran. Jurnal Medika Nusantara. 2006;27:11-4.
  11. Walgito B. Pengantar Psikologi Umum. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi; 2010.
  12. Hilton SR, Slotnick HB. Proto-professionalism: How professionalisation occurs across the continuum of medical education. Med Educ. 2005;39(1):58-65.

 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.25278

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 694 | views : 3055

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia; The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by:


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

JPKI Stats