Level of Self-Directed Learning Readiness (SDLR) in Online Learning among Pharmacy Students in Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.90333

Woro Supadmi(1), Susan Fitria Candradewi(2*), Hendy Ristiono(3), Dwi Utami(4), Fitri Nur Mahmudah(5), Dyah Aryani Perwitasari(6), Dwi Sulisworo(7)

(1) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(2) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(3) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(4) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(5) Faculty of Education, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
(6) Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
(7) Faculty of Education, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Health science development is currently rapidly changing due to the Covid-19. Changes have taken place not only in terms of scientific development but also in terms of learning methods. Almost all learning methods have shifted into online learning, requiring students to be more active.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the level of SDLR among pharmacy students in Indonesia, especially during the pandemic.

Methods: The sampling was conducted using an proportional sampling technique based on the distribution of Pharmacy Schools (PTF) in all the provinces in Indonesia. The level of readiness of these pharmacy students was measured using a questionnaire that consisted of four domains. The questions were scored according to the characteristics of the questions (negative or positive).

Results: The results of this study showed that 1884 respondents participated in this study. The basic characteristics showed that 89.1% participants were private pharmacy schools and 84.4% of them were female respondents. The mean of each domains of SDLR for self-management, the desire to learn, the emotional competency, and the responsible decision-making was 3.24 ± 2.65, 3.37 ± 2.09, 3.04 ± 1 87, 3.16 ± 2.16, respectively. Based on gender, the difference of mean in sub domain was p=0.000 (need for learning), p=0.002 (hope for outcome), and p=0.000 (identifying problem).

Conclusion: In conclusion, the Self-Directed Learning Readiness (SDLR) among pharmacy students in Indonesia is quite high during the pandemic with a score above 3 (scale 1-4).

Keywords


online learning; pharmacy students; self-directed learning readiness (SDLR)



References

  1. Cadorin L, Bressan V, Palese A. Instruments evaluating the self-directed learning abilities among nursing students and nurses: a systematic review of psychometric properties. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17(1):229. doi:10.1186/s12909-017-1072-3
  2. Falk K, Falk H, Jakobsson Ung E. When practice precedes theory - A mixed methods evaluation of students’ learning experiences in an undergraduate study program in nursing. Nurse Educ Pract. 2016;16(1):14-19. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2015.05.010
  3. Knowles M. Self-Directed Learning: A Guide for Learners and Teachers. Associated Press; 1975.
  4. Khiat H. Academic performance and the practice of self-directed learning: the adult student perspective. JFurthHighEduc. 2017;41:44-59.
  5. Chakkaravarthy K, Ibrahim N, Mahmud M, Hardaker G, Ramasamy Venkatasalu M. Determinants of readiness towards self-directed learning among nurses and midwives: Results from national survey. Nurse Educ Pract. 2020;47:102824. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102824
  6. Premkumar K, Vinod E, Sathishkumar S, et al. Self-directed learning readiness of Indian medical students: a mixed method study. BMC Med Educ. 2018;18(1):134. doi:10.1186/s12909-018-1244-9
  7. Deyo ZM, Huynh D, Rochester C, Sturpe DA, Kiser K. Readiness for self-directed learning and academic performance in an abilities laboratory course. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011;75(2):25. doi:10.5688/ajpe75225
  8. Huynh D, Haines ST, Plaza CM, et al. The impact of advanced pharmacy practice experiences on students’ readiness for self-directed learning. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73(4):65. doi:10.5688/aj730465
  9. Slater CE, Cusick A, Louie JCY. Explaining variance in self-directed learning readiness of first year students in health professional programs. BMC Med Educ. 2017;17(1):207. doi:10.1186/s12909-017-1043-8
  10. Mandolang AC. Gambaran Self Directed Learning Readiness (SDLR) pada Mahasiswa Tingkat Pertama Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sam Ratulangi. Medical Scope Journal. 2021;3(1):33. doi:10.35790/msj.3.1.2021.33772
  11. Subekti AS. Indonesian Learners Self -Directed Learning And Resilience In Online English Classes : Assessing Interaction With L2 Achievement. 2021;8:1-9. doi:10.15408/ijee.v8i1.20681
  12. Alotaibi KN. The learning environment as a mediating variable between self-directed learning readiness and academic performance of a sample of saudi nursing and medical emergency students. Nurse Educ Today. 2016;36:249-254. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.11.003
  13. Lasfeto DB, Ulfa S. The relationship between self-directed learning and students’ social interaction in the online learning environment. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society. 2020;16(2):34-41. doi:10.20368/1971-8829/1135078
  14. Hussain T, Sabar A, Jabeen R. A Study of the Association between Self-Directed Learning Readiness and Academic Achievement of Student-Teachers in Pakistan. Bulletin of Education and Research. 2019;41(3):193-202.
  15. Rascón-Hernán C, Fullana-Noell J, Fuentes-Pumarola C, Romero-Collado A, Vila-Vidal D, Ballester-Ferrando D. Measuring self-directed learning readiness in health science undergraduates: A cross-sectional study. Nurse Educ Today. 2019;83:104201. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2019.08.019
  16. Leatemia LD, Susilo AP, van Berkel H. Self-directed learning readiness of Asian students: students perspective on a hybrid problem based learning curriculum. Int J Med Educ. 2016;7:385-392. doi:10.5116/ijme.582e.021b
  17. Ertuğ N, Faydali S. Investigating the Relationship Between Self-Directed Learning Readiness and Time Management Skills in Turkish Undergraduate Nursing Students. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2018;39(2):E2-E5. doi:10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000279



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.90333

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 96

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

©Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi
Faculty of Pharmacy
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Creative Commons License
View My Stats