Kepatuhan terhadap Protokol Kesehatan oleh Tenaga Teknis Kefarmasian di Apotek

Fathul Muin(1*), Anna Wahyuni Widayanti(2), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(3)

(1) Graduate Program of Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Health Behavior, Environment & Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Pharmacy technician as health workers in pharmacies have high risk of transmitting the COVID-19 virus. They often have direct contact to public or COVID-19 patients who come to pharmacies. This study aimed to determine the compliance level of pharmacy technician to the COVID-19 health protocols and its correlations to the level of knowledge, organizational-environment and self-efficacy. This study was designed descriptive correlational used self-administered questionnaire to collect data with cross sectional study. The participants were selected with simple random sampling among pharmacy technician who worked in community pharmacies in Sleman. A total of 98 pharmacy technician were participated in this study. The compliance levels were divided into low, medium and high. Most participants were in medium level of compliance (61.2%), followed by high level (35.7%) and only 3.1% participants in low level. Data analysis was carried out by cross-sectional and statistical test with SPSS by comparing the three factors to the level of compliance. Statistical tests on organizational-environmental factors and self-efficacy showed a significance value (p<0.05) with a Pearson Correlation value of 0.393 and 0.350. The level of knowledge showed not significance value (p>0.05) with a Pearson Correlation value of 0.152. There was a correlation between organizational-environmental factors and self-efficacy with the the compliance level of pharmacist assistants to the COVID-19 health protocols. While the level of knowledge showed results that there is no correlation.


Tenaga Teknis Kefarmasian; COVID-19; protokol kesehatan; efikasi diri

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