Evaluasi Pengelolaan Obat dan Bahan Medis Habis Pakai di Puskesmas Kota Kupang serta Strategi Pengembangannya


Novi Winda Lutsina(1*), Arman Rifat Lette(2)

(1) Program Studi S1 Farmasi, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Citra Bangsa Kupang
(2) Program Studi D3 Kebidanan, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Citra Bangsa Kupang
(*) Corresponding Author


The management of drugs and disposable medical supplies in healthcare units greatly affects the quality of healthcare services. However, the management is still not carried out optimally because it is not up to the standard. The Hanlon method is a basic priority rating system (Brief Priority Rating Scale, BPRS) which is used to compare health problems with relative and objective to identify factors that must be considered in determining a priority. This study aimed to describe and measure the efficiency of drugs and disposable medical supplies management in Healthcare Centers in Kupang City by using efficiency indicators and to develop the strategy using the Hanlon method. The design of this research is a descriptive quantitative-qualitative combination using retrospective and concurrent data. The sampling technique used was a total sampling of 11 Healthcare Centers in Kupang City, while the object of the study was the management of drugs and disposable medical supplies which were assessed using efficiency indicators. The results of research on the management of medicines and consumable medical materials at 11 Healthcare Centers in Kupang City have not been carried out efficiently because not all indicator values reached the standard, namely the suitability of drug items with DOEN and FORNAS, conformity of items received, the accuracy of planning, items expired or damaged, items that were not prescribed for 3 months, the level of availability of the drug, the percentage of drugs with generic names, use of antibiotics in patients with non-specific diarrhea and the average item per prescription sheet. Therefore it can be concluded that the management of drugs and disposable medical supplies in 11 Healthcare Centers in Kupang City using indicators at the selection, procurement, distribution, and use stages are not yet according to standards and the proposed improvements are proposed as a management development strategy, namely optimizing planning according to the needs of the health center, monitoring stock. and expiration date and conduct regular learning and growth of all human resources.


Management; drugs; disposable medical supplies; Strategy Development

Full Text:



  1. Dinkes Kota Kupang. Profil Kesehatan Kota Kupang Tahun 2017. Dinkes Kota Kupang. 2017;(0380):1–245. Diakses Mei 20, 2019. file:///C:/Users/USER/Downloads/PROFIL KESEHATAN KOTA KUPANG TAHUN 2017 (4).pdf
  2. Kemenkes RI. Permenkes no 74 tahun 2016 tentang standar pelayanan kefarmasian di puskesmas. kementrian Kesehat RI. Published online 2016.
  3. Chaira S, Zaini E, Augia T. Evaluasi Pengelolaan Obat pada Puskesmas di Kota Pariaman. J Sains Farm Klin. 2016;3(1):35.
  4. Hendri D, Endarti D, Satibi. Evaluasi Pelayanan dan Pengelolaan Obat , BMHP , Alkes PONED di Puskesmas Kabupaten Brebes. J Manaj dan Pelayanan Farm. Published online 2018.
  5. Satibi, Prasetyo, S.D, Rokhman, M.R, Aditama H. Penilaian Mutu Pelayanan Kefarmasian Di Puskesmas. Gajah Mada University Press; 2020.
  6. Naccho. First things First: Prioritizing Health Problems. The National Connection for Local public Health. Published 2010. Diakses Juli 15, 2019. https://www.naccho.org/uploads/downloadable-resources/Gudie-to-Prioritization-Techniques.pdf
  7. Kemenkes RI. Permenkes No 75 Tahun 2014 Tentang Puskesmas. Published online 2014:3. Diakses Agustus 15, 2019. http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/PMK No. 75 ttg Puskesmas.pdf
  8. Quick, J.D., Hume, Rankin V. Inventory Management in Managing Drug Supply, Third Edition, Managing acces to medicines and health technologies, management Sciences for health. Arlington. Published online 2012:Chapter 23.
  9. Kemenkes RI. Kepmenkes Nomor HK.01.07/MENKES/395/2017 Tentang Daftar Obat Essensial Nasional. Kementeri Kesehat Republik Indones. Published online 2017. Diakses Februari 24, 2021. http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/KMK_No._HK_.01_.07-MENKES-395-2017_ttg_Daftar_Obat_Esensial_Nasional_.pdf
  10. Kemenkes RI. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia No. 01.07/Menkes/659/2017 Tentang Formularium Nasional. Published online 2017:9–15. Diakses Februari 24, 2021. https://farmalkes.kemkes.go.id/2018/02/formularium-nasional-2017/#
  11. Aisah N, Satibi, Suryawati S. Evaluasi Pengelolaan Obat pada Tahap Perencanaan dan Pengadaan di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Pati. Maj Farm. Published online 2020.
  12. Kusmini K, Satibi S, Suryawati S. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan E-Purchasing Obat Pada Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota Di Jawa Tengah Tahun 2015. Jurnal Manajemen Dan Pelayanan Farmasi (Journal Manag Pharm Pract. Published online 2016.
  13. Saptarisa R, Nuryani DD, Perdana AA. Evaluasi Pengadaan Obat Secara E-Purchasing Berdasarkan E- Katalog Menggunakan Dana Kapitasi Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional Di Puskesmas Sekampung Kabupaten Lampung. 2020;9(2).
  14. Kemenkes RI. Peraturan Mentri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor HK.02.02/MENKES/068/I/2010 Tentang Kewajiban Menggunakan Obat Generik Di Fasilitas Pelayanan Kesehatan Pemerintah. Kementeri Kesehat Republik Indones. Published online 2010.
  15. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Panduan Sosialisasi Tatalaksana Diare di Indonesia.; 2011.
  16. Indiarto, E.N, Herawati, F, Wardhadi S. Profil Penggunaan Obat Rasional di Puskesmas Kabupaten Sidoarjo Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2017. Univ Surabaya Repos. 2018;2(1):1–13.
  17. Ovikariani, Saptawat T, Rahma FA. Evaluasi Rasiobalitas Penggunaan Antibiotik Pada Pasien ISPA Di Puskesmas Karangayu Semarang. J Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kebidanan STIKES Telogorejo. Published online 2019.
  18. Dagli RJ, Sharma A. Polypharmacy: a global risk factor for elderly people. J Int oral Heal JIOH. 2014;6(6):i–ii. Diakses Februari 26, 2021. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25628499%0Ahttp://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC4295469

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.61365

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 4983 | views : 11076


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

©Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi
Faculty of Pharmacy
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Creative Commons License
View My Stats