Educational Video to Improve Glycemic Control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.59387

Nora Wulandari(1*), Daniek Viviandhari(2), Afi Seli Febriani(3)

(1) Faculty of Pharmacy and Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta
(2) Faculty of Pharmacy and Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta
(3) Faculty of Pharmacy and Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Glycemic control is a critical point in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The limited number of pharmacists in primary health care in Indonesia is one of the reasons that a simple alternative method is needed for managing T2DM patients. Objective: This study aimed to measure the effectiveness of an education diabetes video as a simple method of improving glycemic control of T2DM patients. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test study involving T2DM patients from one randomly selected public healthcare centre in East Jakarta. Glycated haemoglobin (A1C) levels were examined before and 12 weeks after the video intervention. Results: Thirty of T2DM patients enrolled in this study. The educational video was found to decrease the A1C level significantly (p = 0.001) from an average±SD of 7.930±1.262 to 5.517±0.614. Conclusions: This study found the educational was effective at improving the glycemic control of patients with T2DM. However, further investigation with control group still needed to confirm that the video that did it.


Keywords


Educational video; Medication adherence; T2DM

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. International Diabetes Federation (IDF). International Diabetes Federation - Type 2 diabetes. International Diabetes Federation. https://www.idf.org/aboutdiabetes/type-2-diabetes.html. Published 2020. Accessed October 18, 2020.
  2. Ogurtsova K, Rocha JD, Huang Y, Linnenkamp U, Guariguata L. IDF Diabetes Atlas : Global estimates for the prevalence of diabetes for 2015 and 2040. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017;128:40-50.
  3. IDF. Diabetes.; 2015. doi:10.1289/image.ehp.v119.i03
  4. American Diabetes Association (ADA). Standars of Medical Care in Diabetes 2020 ADA. Diabetes Care. 2020;42(479):960-1010.
  5. Raj GD, Hashemi Z, Soria DC, et al., Adherence to Diabetes Dietary Guidelines Assessed Using a Validated Questionnaire Predicts Glucose Control in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes. Can J Diabetes. 2018;42(1):78-87.
  6. Muszbek N, Keskinaslan A, Khan ZM, Cramer JA. The significance of compliance and persistence in the treatment of diabetes , hypertension and dyslipidaemia : a review. Int J Clin Pr. 2008;62(1)(January):76-87.
  7. Wulandari N, Viviandhari D, Nurhayati. A Strategic Approach to Increase the Compliance of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, in Unity in Diversity and the Standardisation of Clinical Pharmacy Services: Proceedings of the 17th Asian Conference on Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP 2017). In: Elida Z, Junaidi Khotib., Chrismawan A, Syed Azhar Syed S, Charles D. SI, Timothy E. W, eds. Yogyakarta: CRC Press/Balkema; 2017.
  8. Sontakke S, Jadhav M, Pimpalkhute S, Jaiswal K, Bajait C. Evaluation of Adherence to Therapy In Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. J Young Pharm. 2015;7(4s):462-469.
  9. Sufiza Ahmad N, Ramli A, Islahudin F, Paraidathathu T. Medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated at primary health clinics in Malaysia. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2013;7:525-530.
  10. Ur S, Nazir R, Azmi M, Saleem F. Disease related knowledge , medication adherence and glycaemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Pakistan. Prim Care Diabetes. 2015;10:136-141.
  11. Smalls BL, Walker RJ, Hernandez-Tejada MA, Campbell JA, Davis KS, Egede LE. Associations between coping, diabetes knowledge, medication adherence and self-care behaviors in adults with type 2 diabetes. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2012;34(4):385-389.
  12. García-Pérez LE, Álvarez M, Dilla T, Gil-Guillén V, Orozco-Beltrán D. Adherence to therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Ther. 2013;4(2):175-194.
  13. Bailey CJ, Kodack M. Patient adherence to medication requirements for therapy of type 2 diabetes. Int J Clin Pract. 2011;65(3):314-322.
  14. McSharry J, McGowan L, Farmer AJ, French DP. Perceptions and experiences of taking oral medications for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies. Diabet Med. 2016;33(10):1330-1338.
  15. Hugtenburg JG, Timmers L, Elders PJ, Vervloet M, Dijk L Van. Definitions , variants , and causes of non-adherence with medication : a challenge for tailored interventions. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2013;7:675-682.
  16. Antoine S-L, Pieper D, Mathes T, Eikermann M. Improving the adherence of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with pharmacy care: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMC Endocr Disord. 2014;14(1):53.
  17. Puspitasari AW, R.Andrajati, A.Bahtiar. Analisis Efektivitas Booklet Obat terhadap Tingkat Kepatuhan Pasien Diabetes Melitus tipe-2. J Manag Pharm Pract. 2013;2:1-7.
  18. Kandler L, Tscholl DW, Kolbe M, Seifert B, Spahn DR, Noethiger CB. Using educational video to enhance protocol adherence for medical procedures †. BJA. 2016;116(5):662-669.
  19. Davis SA, Carpenter D, Cummings DM, et al. Patient adoption of an internet based diabetes medication tool to improve adherence: A pilot study. Patient Educ Couns. 2017;100(1):174-178.
  20. Muir KW, Ventura A, Stinnett SS, Enfiedjian A, Allingham RR, Lee PP. Patient Education and Counseling The influence of health literacy level on an educational intervention to improve glaucoma medication adherence. Patient Educ Couns. 2012;87(2):160-164.
  21. Yeung DL, Alvarez KS, Quinones ME, et al. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association Low e health literacy fl ashcards & mobile video reinforcement to improve medication adherence in patients on oral diabetes , heart failure , and hypertension medications. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2017;57(1):30-37.
  22. Tokuda L, Lorenzo L, Theriault A, et al. International Journal of Medical Informatics The utilisation of video-conference shared medical appointments in rural diabetes care. Int J Med Inform. 2016;93:34-41.
  23. Soewondo P, Pramono LA. Prevalence , characteristics , and predictors of pre-diabetes in Indonesia. Med J Indones. 2011;20(4):283-294.
  24. Herman MJ, Supardi S, Yuniar Y. Hubungan ketersediaan tenaga kefarmasian dengan karakteristik puskesmas dan praktik kefarmasian di puskesmas (Analisis Lanjut Data Riset Fasilitas Kesehatan Nasional Tahun 2011). Bul Penelit Sist Kesehat. 2011;16(1):88-98.
  25. Ratri DMN, Hamidah KF, Puspitasari AD, Farid M. Video-based health education to support insulin therapy in diabetes mellitus patients. J Public health Res. 2020;9(2):223-226.
  26. American Diabetes Association (ADA). Standard of medical care in diabetes - 2017. Diabetes Care. 2017;40 (sup 1)(January):s4-s128.
  27. Capoccia K, Odegard PS, Letassy N. Medication Adherence With Diabetes Medication. Diabetes Educ. 2016;42(1):34-71.
  28. Awodele O, Osuolale JA. Medication adherence in type 2 diabetes patients: Study of patients in alimosho general hospital, Igando, Lagos, Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. 2015;15(2):513-522.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.59387

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1603 | views : 1706

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

©Jurnal Manajemen dan Pelayanan Farmasi
Faculty of Pharmacy
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Creative Commons License
View My Stats