Kesehatan Digital dan Disrupsi Digital pada Layanan Kesehatan di Rumah Sakit

Sidhi Laksono(1*)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas UHAMKA
(*) Corresponding Author


Kesehatan digital mengubah penyediaan layanan kesehatan di seluruh dunia untuk memenuhi tantangan yang terus berkembang akibat bertambahnya populasi yang menua dengan berbagai kondisi kronis. Transformasi digital dan inovasi disruptif menggambarkan reorientasi komprehensif industri termasuk model bisnisnya karena datangnya zaman teknologi digital yang berupa digitalisasi produk, layanan, dan proses. Adapun produk kesehatan digital dapat berupa kesehatan elektronik (eHealth), kesehatan seluler (mHealth), teknologi informasi kesehatan, telekesehatan atau telekonsultasi (telehealth/telemedicine). Semua produk digital tersebut, jika tidak bisa diaplikasikan dalam waktu sekarang dan mendatang akan menyebabkan disrupsi digital dalam layanan kesehatan tradisional di RS. Artikel ini akan membahas secara singkat mengenai kesehatan digital dan disrupsi digital pada layanan kesehatan di RS.


disrupsi digital; kesehatan digital; transformasi digital; layanan kesehatan RS


1. Porter M, Teisberg E. Redefining health care: creating value-based competition on results. Watertown: Harvard Business School Press; 2006.

2. Christensen CM, Bohmer R, Kenagy J. Will disruptive innovations cure health care? Harv Bus Rev. 2000;78(5):102-112.

3. Chen CE, Harrington RA, Desai SA, Mahaffey KW, Turakhia MP. Characteristics of Digital Health Studies Registered in JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179 (6): 838–840.

4. Ahmadvand A, Kavanagh D, Clark M, Drennan J, Nissen L. Trends and visibility of “digital health” as a keyword in articles by JMIR publications in the new millennium: bibliographic-bibliometric analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2019;21:e10477.

5. World Health Organization (2019) WHO Guideline: Recommendations on Digital Interventions for Health System Strengthening: Web Supplement 2: Summary of Findings and GRADE Tables. Geneva: World Health Organization.

6. Bhavnani SP, Narula J, Sengupta PP. Mobile technology and the digitization of healthcare. Eur Heart J. 2016;37(18):1428–38.

7. Eden R, Burton-Jones A, Scott I, Staib A, Sullivan C. Effects of eHealth on hospital practice: synthesis of the current literature. Aust Health Rev. 2018;42(5):568-78.

8. Woods L, Cummings E, Duff J, Walker K. Partnering in digital health design: engaging the multidisciplinary team in a needs analysis. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2018;252:176-181.

9. Bhavnani SP. Digital health: opportunities and challenges to develop the next-generation technology-enabled models of cardiovascular care. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2020;16(4):296-303.

10. Hruby GW, Matsoukas K, Cimino JJ, Weng C. Facilitating biomedical researchers’ interrogation of electronic health record data: ideas from outside of biomedical informatics. J Biomed Inform. 2016;60:376–84.

11. Gardner RM. Clinical information systems – from yesterday to tomorrow. Yearb Med Inform. 2016;S62–S75.

12. Zheng K, Abraham J, Novak LL, Reynolds TL, Gettinger A. A survey of the literature on unintended consequences associated with health information technology. Yearb Med Inform. 2016;(1):13–29.

13. Rathert C, Mittler JN, Banerjee S, McDaniel J. Patient-centred communication in the era of electronic health records: what does the evidence say. Patient Educ Couns. 2017;100(1):50–64.

14. Hwang J, Christensen CM. Disruptive innovation in health care delivery: A framework for business-model innovation. Health Affairs. 2017;27(5):1329–35.

15. Massoomi MR, Handberg EM. Increasing and evolving role of smart devices in modern medicine. Eur Cardiol. 2019;14(3):181-186.

16. Esteva A, Chou K, Yeung S, Naik N, Madani A, Mottaghi A et. al. Deep learning-enabled medical computer vision. NPJ Digit Med. 2021;4(1):5.

17. Kelly JT, Collins PF, McCamley J, Ball L, Roberts S, Campbell KL. Digital disruption of dietetics: are we ready? J Hum Nutr Diet. 2020:1-7.

18. Aguillard K, Garson A Jr. Patient use of cardiovascular devices and apps: are we getting our money's worth? Methodist DeBakey Cardiovasc J. 2020;16(4):291-5

19. Stowe S, Harding S. Telecare, telehealth and telemedicine. Eur Geriatr Med. 2010;1(3):193-7.

20. Segato F, Masella C. Telemedicine services: how to make them last over time. Health Policy Technol. 2017;6(3):268-78.

21. Soliman AM. Telemedicine in the cardiovascular world: ready for the future? Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2020;16(4):283-90.

22. Riemer KGU, Hamann J. Digital disruption intermediaries. Sydney: University of Sydney; 2015. Available at: uptive%20Interme diaries-final.pdf

23. Keasberry J, Scott IA, Sullivan C, Staib A, Ashby R. Going digital: a narrative overview of the clinical and organisational impacts of eHealth technologies in hospital practice. Aust Health Rev. 2017;41(6):646-64.

24. Sullivan C, Staib A, Ayre S, Daly M, Collins R, Draheim M, et al. Pioneering digital disruption: Australia’s first integrated digital tertiary hospital. Med J Aust. 2016; 205(9):386–9.

25. Barnett ML, Mehrotra A, Jena AB. Adverse inpatient outcomes during the transition to a new electronic health record system: observational study. BMJ. 2016;354:i3835.

26. Charitou CD, Markides CC. Responses to disruptive strategic innovation. MIT Sloan Manag Rev. 2002;44:55-64.

27. Helbing D. The automation of society is next: How to survive the digital revolution. North Charleston, SC: Createspace, 2015:266.

28. World report on ageing and health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2015.

29. Kane GC, Palmer D, Phillips AN, Kiron D. Is your business ready for a digital future? MIT Sloan Management Review. 2015;56:37.

30. Ricoul S. Quand l'économie numérique bouleverse l'innovation. Revue Gestion. 2016. Available online:

31. Henderson R. The innovator's dilemma as a problem of organizational competence. J Prod Innov Manag. 2006;23:5-11.

32. Alami H, Gagnon MP, Fortin JP. Digital health and the challenge of health systems transformation. Mhealth. 2017;3:31.

33. Tracking universal health coverage: First global monitoring report. WHO and World Bank Group 2015.

34. Mesko B. The role of artificial intelligence in precision medicine. Expert Rev Precis Med Drug Dev. 2017;2(5):239-41.

35. Meskó B, Drobni Z, Bényei É, Gergely B, Győrffy Z. Digital health is a cultural transformation of traditional healthcare. MHealth. 2017;3:38

36. Tanniru M, Khuntia J, Weiner J. Hospital leadership in support of digital transformation. Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems. 2018; 10(3): 1-24


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1586


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

The Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI [ISSN 2089 2624 (print); ISSN 2620 4703 (online)] is published by Center for Health Policy and Management (CHPM). This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Built on the Public Knowledge Project's OJS
Analytics View My Stats