Telaah Kebijakan Mitigasi Kesehatan Kelompok Rentan Pasca Pandemi dan Keadaan Luar Biasa Lain

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.62692

Anung Ahadi Pradana(1*), Lina Anisa Nasution(2), Casman Casman(3)

(1) STIKes Mitra Keluarga
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(3) STIKes RS Husada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


 

Kondisi pandemi dan Keadaan Luar Biasa (KLB) memiliki efek negatif bagi kesehatan masyarakat dan kelompok rentan secara khusus. Efek negatif yang dialami oleh kelompok rentan pada periode pasca KLB dapat memanjang hingga beberapa tahun setelah kejadian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penanganan kesehatan pasca-KLB pada kelompok rentan menggunakan metode studi literatur sederhana. Pencarian artikel didapatkan dari beberapa beberapa database diantaranya Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ScienceDirect, ProQuest dan PubMed antara tahun 2010 hingga 2020. Peran yang dapat dilakukan antara lain: mempersiapkan masyarakat dalam kesiapsiagaan terhadap kejadian KLB lain yang terjadi di masa depan, pemaksimalan fungsi pelayanan kesehatan terhadap kelompok rentan, Peningkatan peran tenaga kesehatan di pelayanan primer melalui proses Konseling, Informasi, dan Edukasi (KIE) serta sistem surveilans di masyarakat. Peran pemerintah dan tenaga kesehatan profesional menjadi sangat penting dalam membantu kelompok rentan dalam mencegah efek negatif khususnya di bidang kesehatan selama periode pasca-KLB.

Kata kunci: Anak, Ibu Hamil, Keadaan Luar Biasa, Lansia, Pandemi.

 

Abstract

Pandemic conditions and extraordinary circumstances (KLB) have a negative effect on the health of the public and particularly vulnerable groups. The negative effects experienced by vulnerable groups in the post-outbreak period can extend to several years after the event. This study aims to find post-outbreak health care in vulnerable groups using a simple literature study method. The search for articles was obtained from several databases including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ScienceDirect, ProQuest and PubMed between 2010 and 2020. The roles that can be carried out include: preparing the community to be prepared for other outbreaks that occur in the future. in the future, maximizing the function of health services for vulnerable groups, Increasing the role of health workers in primary services through the process of Counseling, Information and Education (IEC) and surveillance systems in the community. The role of government and health professionals is very important in assisting vulnerable groups in preventing negative effects, especially in the health sector, during the post-outbreak period.

Keywords: Children, Elderly, Extraordinary Circumstances, Pandemic, Pregnant Women.


Keywords


Children, Elderly, Extraordinary Circumstances, Pandemic, Pregnant Women.

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.62692

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