Telaah Kebijakan Mitigasi Kesehatan Kelompok Rentan Pasca Pandemi dan Keadaan Luar Biasa Lain

Anung Ahadi Pradana(1*), Lina Anisa Nasution(2), Casman Casman(3)

(1) STIKes Mitra Keluarga
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(3) STIKes RS Husada
(*) Corresponding Author



Kondisi pandemi dan Keadaan Luar Biasa (KLB) memiliki efek negatif bagi kesehatan masyarakat dan kelompok rentan secara khusus. Efek negatif yang dialami oleh kelompok rentan pada periode pasca KLB dapat memanjang hingga beberapa tahun setelah kejadian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan penanganan kesehatan pasca-KLB pada kelompok rentan menggunakan metode studi literatur sederhana. Pencarian artikel didapatkan dari beberapa beberapa database diantaranya Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ScienceDirect, ProQuest dan PubMed antara tahun 2010 hingga 2020. Peran yang dapat dilakukan antara lain: mempersiapkan masyarakat dalam kesiapsiagaan terhadap kejadian KLB lain yang terjadi di masa depan, pemaksimalan fungsi pelayanan kesehatan terhadap kelompok rentan, Peningkatan peran tenaga kesehatan di pelayanan primer melalui proses Konseling, Informasi, dan Edukasi (KIE) serta sistem surveilans di masyarakat. Peran pemerintah dan tenaga kesehatan profesional menjadi sangat penting dalam membantu kelompok rentan dalam mencegah efek negatif khususnya di bidang kesehatan selama periode pasca-KLB.

Kata kunci: Anak, Ibu Hamil, Keadaan Luar Biasa, Lansia, Pandemi.



Pandemic conditions and extraordinary circumstances (KLB) have a negative effect on the health of the public and particularly vulnerable groups. The negative effects experienced by vulnerable groups in the post-outbreak period can extend to several years after the event. This study aims to find post-outbreak health care in vulnerable groups using a simple literature study method. The search for articles was obtained from several databases including the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), ScienceDirect, ProQuest and PubMed between 2010 and 2020. The roles that can be carried out include: preparing the community to be prepared for other outbreaks that occur in the future. in the future, maximizing the function of health services for vulnerable groups, Increasing the role of health workers in primary services through the process of Counseling, Information and Education (IEC) and surveillance systems in the community. The role of government and health professionals is very important in assisting vulnerable groups in preventing negative effects, especially in the health sector, during the post-outbreak period.

Keywords: Children, Elderly, Extraordinary Circumstances, Pandemic, Pregnant Women.


Children, Elderly, Extraordinary Circumstances, Pandemic, Pregnant Women.

Full Text:



Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. PENANGGULANGAN KRISIS KESEHATAN [Internet]. Indonesia; 2019. Available from: 2. Quarantelli E. What is a disaster? Perspectives on the Question. London: Routledge; 2005. 3. Gasparini R, Amicizia D, Lai PL, Panatto D. Clinical and socioeconomic impact of seasonal and pandemic influenza in adults and the elderly. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2012;5515:20–8. 4. Bruinen de Bruin Y, Lequarre AS, McCourt J, Clevestig P, Pigazzani F, Zare Jeddi M, et al. Initial impacts of global risk mitigation measures taken during the combatting of the COVID-19 pandemic. Saf Sci. 2020;128(April):104773. 5. Akseer N, Kandru G, Keats EC, Bhutta ZA. COVID-19 pandemic and mitigation strategies: Implications for maternal and child health and nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020;112(2):251–6. 6. CDC. Framework for Implementation of COVID-19 Community Mitigation Measures for Lower-Resource Countries. 2020. 7. Hermon D. How Is Covid-19 Mitigation in Indonesia ? Sumatra J Disaster. 2020;4(1):1–4. 8. Rajeev. POST DISASTER ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF ELDERLY POPULATIONS IN INDIA : EXPERIENCES FROM NATURAL DISASTERS. Soc Sci. 2016;2(3):3–4. 9. Pradana AA, Casman, Nur’aini. Pengaruh kebijakan social distancing pada wabah COVID-19 terhadap kelompok rentan di Indonesia. J Kebijak Kesehat Indones. 2020;9(2):61–7. 10. Allender J, Rector C, Warner K. Community & Public Health Nursing: Promoting the Public’s Health Eighth, North American Edition. Eight Edit. Wolters Kluwer| Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014. 11. Leppold C, Tanimoto T, Tsubokura M. Public health after a nuclear disaster : beyond radiation risks. Bull World Health Organ. 2016;94(11)(December 2015):859–60. 12. Pollock D, Murphy MM, O’Leary J, Warland J. Pregnancy after loss during the COVID19 pandemic. Women and Birth. 2020;33(6):540–3. 13. Larki M, Sharifi F, Roudsari RL. Models of maternity care for pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. East Mediterr Heal J. 2020;26(9):994–8. 14. Loke AY, Lai CKY, Wai O, Fung M. At-home disaster preparedness of elderly people in Hong Kong. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2011;12(3):1–8. 15. Fernandez LS, Byard D, Lin C, Benson S, Barbera JA, Fernandez L, et al. Frail Elderly as Disaster Victims : Emergency Management Strategies. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;17(2). 16. Benner AD, Mistry RS. Child development during the COVID-19 pandemic through a life course theory lens. Child Dev Perspect. 2020;14(4):236–43. 17. Curran MA, Minoff E. Supporting children and families through the pandemic, and after : The case for a US child allowance. Soc Sci Humanit Open. 2020;2(100040):1–4. 18. Cowie H, Myers C-A. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and well-being of children and young people. Child Soc. 2020;0:1–13. 19. Mian AI, Chachar AS. Debate: COVID-19 and school mental health in Pakistan. Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2020;25(4):270–2. 20. Jansen J. More eyes on COVID-19: Perspectives from education studies, school as organisations and the science of re-opening. South Africa J Sci. 2020;116(7/8):1. 21. Jeffs E, Lucas N, Walls T. CoVID-19: Parent and caregiver concerns about reopening New Zealand schools. J Paediatr Child Health. 2020;1–6. 22. Miller JR, Short V l, Wu HM, Waller K, Mead P, Kahn E, et al. Use of nonpharmaceutical interventions to reduce transmission of 2009 pandemic influenza a (pH1N1) in Pennsylvania public. J Sch Health. 2013;83(4):281–9. 23. Lee B, Hanley JP, Nowak S, Bates JHT, Hébert-dufresne L. Modeling the impact of school reopening on SARS-CoV-2 transmission using contact structure data from Shanghai. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1713):1–9. 24. Sheikh A, Sheikh A, Sheikh Z, Dhami S. Reopening schools after the COVID-19 lockdown. J Glob Health. 2020;10(1):1–3. 25. Hamilton J, Ameel K, Asfour F. Returning to school in the midst of the COVID‐19 pandemic for children with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2020;55:2502–3. 26. Hefferon C, Taylor C, Bennett D, Falconer C, Campbell M, Williams JG, et al. Priorities for the child public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic recovery in England. Arch Dis Child. 2020;0:1–6. 27. Edmunds WJ. Comment Finding a path to reopen schools during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet child Adolesc Heal. 2020;4642(20):1–2. 28. Panovska-griffiths J, Kerr CC, Stuart RM, Mistry D, Klein DJ, Viner RM, et al. Determining the optimal strategy for reopening schools, the impact of test and trace interventions, and the risk of occurrence of a second COVID-19 epidemic wave in the UK: a modelling study. Lancet child Adolesc Heal. 2020;4(11):817–27. 29. Viner RM, Bonell C, Drake L, Jourdan D, Davies N, Baltag V, et al. Reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: governments must balance the uncertainty and risks of reopening schools against the clear harms associated with prolonged closure. Arch Dis Child. 2020;0(0):1–3. 30. Indian Council of Medical Research. Guidance for Management of Pregnant Women in COVID-19 Pandemic. Natl Inst Res Reprod Heal. 2020;1–17. 31. Queensland Clinical Guidelines Steering Commitee. Maternity care for mothers and babies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Queensl Clin Guidel. 2020;MN20.63-V3(march):1–33. 32. Ranganathan R, Khan AM, Chhabra P. Antenatal care, care at birth, and breastfeeding during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Indian J Community Heal. 2020;32(1):17–20. 33. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Maternal, neonatal and child health services during COVID-19. 2020. 34. UNFPA. COVID-19 Technical Brief for Maternity Services - Update 1: May 2020. 2020. 1-55 p. 35. UNFPA. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Family Planning and Ending Gender-based Violence, Female Genital Mutilation and Child Marriage. Interim Tech Note. 2020;(April):7. 36. Nour NN. Maternal Health Considerations During Disaster Relief. Rev Obs Gynecol. 2011;224(11):22–7. 37. Pant S, Koirala S, Subedi M. Access to Maternal Health Services during COVID-19. Eur J Med Sci. 2020;2(2):48–52. 38. Souto SPA do, Albuquerque RS de, Prata AP. Fear of childbirth in time of the new coronavirus pandemic. Rev Bras Enferm. 2020;73(Suppl 2):e20200551. 39. Caparros-Gonzalez RA, Ganho-Ávila A, Torre-Luque A de la. The COVID-19 Pandemic Can Impact Perinatal Mental Health and the Health of the Offspring. Behav Sci (Basel). 2020;10(11):162. 40. Ravaldi C, Wilson A, Ricca V, Homer C, Vannacci A. Pregnant women voice their concerns and birth expectations during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy. Women and Birth. 2020;(2019). 41. Nodoushan RJ, Alimoradi H, Nazari M. Spiritual Health and Stress in Pregnant Women During the Covid-19 Pandemic. SN Compr Clin Med. 2020; 42. Wong HT, Chaub CW, Guoc Y, Chiou SMJ. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Disaster risk and elderly in the Asia-Pacific region. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct [Internet]. 2019;41(August 2018):101278. Available from: 43. Adams V, Kaufman SR, Hattum V, Moody S. Aging Disaster : Mortality , Vulnerability , and Long-Term Recovery among Katrina Survivors. Med Anthropol Cross- Cult Stud Heal Illn. 2011;30(3)(May):247–70. 44. Zhang Z, Shi Z, Wang L, Liu M. Post ‐ traumatic Stress Disorder , Anxiety and Depression among the Elderly : A Survey of the Hard ‐ hit Areas a Year after the Wenchuan Earthquake. Stress Heal. 2008;28(1):61–8. 45. Jia Z, Tian W, Liu W, Cao Y, Yan J, Shun Z. Are the elderly more vulnerable to psychological impact of natural disaster ? A population-based survey of adult survivors of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(172). 46. Durant TJ. The Utility of Vulnerability and Social Capital Theories in Studying the Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the Elderly. J Fam Issues. 2011;32(10):1285–302. 47. Johnson HL, Ling CG, Mcbee EC. Multi-disciplinary Care for the Elderly in Disasters : An Integrative Review. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2014;30(December).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3452 | views : 3108


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia : JKKI [ISSN 2089 2624 (print); ISSN 2620 4703 (online)] is published by Center for Health Policy and Management (CHPM). This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Built on the Public Knowledge Project's OJS
Analytics View My Stats