Kebijakan Asuransi Kesehatan Taiwan (Taiwan National Health Insurance) dan Pembelajaran Bagi Negara Berkembang

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.57637

Ardila Putri(1*), Silvia Dian Anggraeni(2), Rika Isnarti(3), Rezya Agnesica(4)

(1) Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Komunikasi dan Diplomasi, Universitas Pertamina
(2) Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Komunikasi dan Diplomasi, Universitas Pertamina
(3) Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Komunikasi dan Diplomasi, Universitas Pertamina
(4) Program Studi Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Komunikasi dan Diplomasi, Universitas Pertamina
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Taiwan mendapat apresiasi dari berbagai negara di dunia berkat kemampuannya dalam mengendalikan penyebaran Covid-19. Kesuksesan Taiwan dalam menangani Covid-19 tidak terlepas dari sistem asuransi nasional satu pintu (NHI) yang telah diterapkan Taiwan sejak tahun 1995. Saat ini NHI Taiwan dianggap sebagai asuransi kesehatan nasional terbaik di dunia. Melalui pendekatan kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif analitis, tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kebijakan asuransi kesehatan Taiwan, baik proses lahirnya NHI maupun reformasi yang dilakukan NHI dalam kurun waktu 25 tahun terakhir. Diakhir tulisan ini merekomendasikan beberapa pembelajaran yang bisa diambil oleh negara berkembang terkait dengan NHI Taiwan.

Taiwan received appreciation from various countries in the world for its ability to control the spread of Covid-19. Taiwan's success in dealing with Covid-19 is inseparable from the one-stop national insurance system (NHI) that has been implemented by Taiwan since 1995. At present, NHI Taiwan is considered as the best national health insurance in the world. Through a qualitative approach that is analytical descriptive in nature, this paper aims to describe Taiwan's health insurance policies, both the process of the birth of the NHI and the reforms carried out by the NHI in the past 25 years. At the end of this article, we recommend some lessons that can be taken by developing countries related to NHI Taiwan.


Keywords


Asuransi Kesehatan Nasional; Ekonomi Politik Kesehatan; NHI; Taiwan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkki.57637

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