Pengalaman Perawat Bekerja dengan Sistem Informasi Kesehatan dan EHR: Scoping Review

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.73874

Betty Isana(1*), Kumboyono Kumboyono(2), Heni Dwi Windarwati(3)

(1) Departemen Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Penerapan sistem informasi kesehatan dan electronic health record (EHR) meningkat secara signifikan di era digital. Perawat sebagai pengguna terbanyak sistem informasi kesehatan memiliki peran penting dalam penerapan sistem.

Tujuan: Menggambarkan pengalaman perawat ketika bekerja menggunakan sistem informasi kesehatan dan EHR.

Metode: Penelitian menggunakan metode scoping review berdasarkan petunjuk PRISMA dan menelusuri tiga database, yaitu ProQuest, EBSCO, dan ScienceDirect. Pencarian menggunakan kata kunci “nurse, experiences, “health”, information, technology, electronic, dan record” dikombinasikan dengan kata “AND”, “OR”, dan “NOT”. Artikel dipilih dari publikasi dalam kurun waktu sepuluh tahun terakhir dan menggunakan Bahasa Inggris.

Hasil: Didapatkan 17 artikel yang berhubungan dengan pengalaman perawat selama bekerja menggunakan sistem informasi kesehatan dan EHR. Perawat mengalami peningkatan interaksi dengan sistem dan perangkatnya. Kepuasan, kesejahteraan, dan stres kerja perawat dapat dipengaruhi oleh kualitas sistem. Dukungan organisasi berupa pelatihan dan pendampingan diperlukan selama proses adaptasi perawat terhadap penerapan sistem baru. Sistem informasi juga dapat mempermudah komunikasi antar perawat maupun petugas lain.

Kesimpulan: Perawat menggambarkan berbagai pengalaman berkaitan dengan penerapan sistem informasi kesehatan dan EHR. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah memberikan wawasan dan masukan bagi organisasi kesehatan yang mengembangkan atau menerapkan sistem baru agar berjalan optimal.

Kata kunci: pengalaman, perawat, sistem informasi, EHR.


Keywords


pengalaman; perawat; sistem informasi; EHR

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.73874

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Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional with registered number ISSN 2541-0644 (print), ISSN 2599-3275 (online) published by the Departement of Health Information Management and Services, Vocational College, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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