Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Berat Badan Kurang pada Balita di Timor Leste

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.69648

Ardhiles Wahyu Kurniawan(1*), Rifzul Maulina(2), Anggelina Fernandes(3)

(1) Institut Teknologi Sains dan Kesehatan RS dr Soepraoen Malang
(2) Departemen Kebidanan, Institut Teknologi Sains dan Kesehatan RS dr. Soepraoen
(3) Instituto Superior Cristal, Timor Leste
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Berat badan kurang adalah indikator status nutrisi dan kesehatan balita yang buruk di sebuah negara. Pada tahun 2013 angka kejadian Stunting di Timor Leste tergolong tinggi sekitar 50,2% dibandingkan angka rata-rata untuk wilayah Asia Timur Pasifik yaitu 11,3%. Diantara anak balita yang mengalami stunting terdapat 38% yang memiliki berat badan kurang.

Tujuan:  Mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian dengan berat badan kurang balita di Timor Leste.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan studi cross-sectional berdasarkan data sekunder Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) pada 13 Provinsi di Timor Leste tahun 2016.  Sampel pada penelitian ini sejumlah 3.723 balita.

Hasil: Beberapa faktor yang berhubungan dengan berat badan rendah di Timor Leste adalah pendidikan Ibu (AOR = 0,50, 95% CI: 0,34-0,74), status gizi Ibu yang gemuk (AOR = 0,47, 95% CI:0,35-0,65) dan status gizi Ibu yang normal (AOR = 0,67, 95% CI: 0,55-0,81), jumlah kelahiran anak ≥ 7 (AOR = 1,67, 95% CI: 1,15-2,41), jenis kelamin anak perempuan (AOR 0,79, 95% CI: 0,67-0,94), kondisi ekonomi keluarga sangat kaya (AOR 0,66, 95% CI: 0,46-0,96), sumber air minum tidak higenis (AOR 1,37, 95% CI: 1,09-1,74)

Kesimpulan: Upaya perbaikan status gizi balita dapat melalui peningkatan pendidikan dan nutrisi Ibu, ekonomi keluarga serta perbaikan kualitas air.


Keywords


Balita; Berat Badan Kurang; Timor Leste

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.69648

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