Perbandingan Skoring Kualitas Hidup Pasien Kanker Menggunakan EORTC QLQ-C30 Dengan FACT-G: Telaah Literatur

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.64393

Dewi Gayatri(1*), Cynthia Tri Wardhani(2), Tuti Nuraini(3)

(1) Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia
(3) Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Kanker merupakan penyakit yang dapat memberikan efek negatif pada fungsi tubuh sehingga memengaruhi kualitas hidup. Pengukuran kualitas hidup dapat menggunakan berbagai instrumen.

Tujuan: Menelaah hasil penelitian mengenai perbandingan skoring kualitas hidup pasien kanker dengan menggunakan EORTC QLQ-C30 dan FACT-G.

Metode: Literature review dengan PRISMA checklist sebagai protokol. Analisis bias menggunakan Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal. Pencarian artikel dilakukan Mei-Juli 2020, dengan menggunakan database ClinicalKey, EBSCOhost, Google scholar, ProQuest, dan PubMed. Dari 1.194 artikel yang ditemukan, sebanyak 17 artikel sesuai kriteria inklusi.

Hasil: Skor kualitas hidup pada instrumen QoL FACT-G lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan EORTC QLQ-C30. Selain itu, pada dimensi kualitas hidup dan fisik menunjukkan hubungan yang kuat (r= 0,54—0,76), tetapi lemah pada dimensi sosial (r = 0,00—0,130).

Kesimpulan: Penelitian ini merekomendasikan FACT-G sebagai instrumen yang mengukur kualitas hidup secara holistik serta berfokus pada psikososial.


Keywords


EORTC QLQ-C30; FACT-G; Kualitas Hidup

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.64393

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