Masalah Kesehatan Mental pada Wanita Hamil Selama Pandemi COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.62784

Yosi Duwita Arinda(1*), Milla Herdayati(2)

(1) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia, Depok
(2) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia, Depok
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: COVID-19 yang menyebar secara masif menimbulkan banyak manifestasi. Kelompok rentan seperti wanita hamil berisiko mengalami masalah kesehatan psikologis. Pembatasan sosial yang diterapkan menyebabkan kurangnya dukungan sosial bagi wanita hamil.

Tujuan: Untuk menelaah masalah kesehatan psikologis selama pandemi COVID-19 serta dampaknya bagi wanita hamil.

Metode: Metode dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah tinjauan literatur yang terdapat dalam database jurnal kesehatan yakni Lancet, PubMed, Tandfonline, dan Science Direct. Artikel terpilih berdasarkan free full text, open access, berbahasa Inggris, dan terbit tahun 2020.

Hasil: Hasil studi literatur melalui database menemukan 31 artikel di Lancet Global Health, 155 artikel di PubMed, 10 artikel di Tandfonline, dan 73 artikel di Science Direct. Artikel yang relevan dengan topik yakni 30 artikel. Wanita hamil cenderung mengalami peningkatan kecemasan yang dapat mengakibatkan pada gangguan psikologis diantaranya kecemasan, stress, insomnia, depresi ataupun post-traumatic stress disorder. Gangguan kesehatan psikologis selama kehamilan meningkatkan risiko pada janin berupa perkembangan janin yang buruk, kelahiran prematur, ataupun BBLR.

Kesimpulan: Wanita hamil menjadi kelompok rentan mengalami masalah kesehatan psikologis. Faktor yang mendasarinya yaitu akses pelayanan kesehatan terbatas, kurangnya dukungan sosial dari berbagai pihak, dan kekhawatiran akan kesehatan dirinya dan janin apabila tertular.


Keywords


Kesehatan Mental; Gangguan Psikologis; Wanita Hamil; COVID-19

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.62784

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