Pengaruh Sosialisasi Diagram Pareto terhadap Pengetahuan dan Minat Perawat dalam Pengelolaan Bahan Habis Pakai

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.60964

Urip Pratama(1*), Nurmaini Nurmaini(2), Roymond Halomoan Simamora(3)

(1) Program Magister, Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Sumatera Utara
(2) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Sumatera Utara
(3) Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Diagram Pareto merupakan salah satu alat ukur mutu untuk menganalisis pengelolaan bahan habis pakai sehingga menjadi hal penting bagi rumah sakit. Hal ini dipengaruhi juga dengan pengetahuan dan minat perawat yang rendah, bukan hanya karena fasilitas yang tidak memadai tetapi karena pengaruh minimnya informasi tentang pentingnya pengelolaan bahan habis pakai tersebut.

Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh sosialisasi diagram Pareto terhadap pengetahuan dan minat perawat dalam pengelolaan bahan habis pakai.

Metode: Metode eksperimen semu dengan pre-posttest dengan kelompok kontrol. Sampel penelitian 100 perawat pelaksana di Rumah Sakit Daerah Provinsi Aceh, yang dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi (n=50) dan kelompok kontrol (n=50), dengan menggunakan teknik consecutive sampling. Pengetahuan perawat diukur menggunakan lembar observasi dan kuesioner penggunaan diagram Pareto, Microsoft Excel Format 2 Axis dan klasifikasi bahan habis pakai, sedangkan minat perawat diukur dengan menggunakan lembar observasi, kemudian data diuji dengan Correlation Pearson Test.

Hasil: Setelah intervensi, peningkatan pengetahuan perawat dari kategori sedang (n=12, 24.0%) menjadi tinggi (n=25, 50.0%) dan peningkatan minat perawat dari kategori sedang (n=13, 26.0%) menjadi tinggi (n=27, 54.0%). 

Kesimpulan: Sosialisasi diagram Pareto berpengaruh meningkatkan pengetahuan p-value=0.027  (p<0.05) dan minat perawat p-value=0.030 (p<0.05) dalam pengelolaan bahan habis pakai di rumah sakit. 


Keywords


sosialisasi; diagram pareto; bahan habis pakai

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.60964

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