Efektivitas Music Therapy terhadap Pengurangan Nyeri Persalinan: Systematic Review

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.55252

Nova Avianti Rahayu(1*), Herlin Fitriana Kurniawati(2)

(1) Program Studi Magister Kebidanan, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar belakang: Nyeri pada persalinan merupakan suatu hal yang normal, tetapi nyeri persalinan juga dapat meningkatan katekolamin. Hal ini dapat mengganggu kontraksi uterus sehingga dapat menyebabkan inersia uteri, partus lama, oksigenasi pada janin tidak adekuat hingga distress janin, serta kematian ibu dan atau janin apabila nyeri persalinan tidak ditangani. Oleh karena itu, penanganan nyeri penting bagi ibu selama persalinan.

Tujuan: Untuk mencari evidence based tentang efektifitas terapi musik terhadap pengurangan nyeri persalinan.

Metode: Ada delapan tahap yang digunakan dalam ulasan ini yaitu mengidentifikasi permasalahan kebidanan, prioritas masalah dan pertanyaan penelitian, framework data primer dan sekunder, identifikasi studi yang relevan, prisma flow diagram, critical appraisal, analisa data dan ekstrasi data. Review ini menggunakan 2 databased dengan jangka waktu dari 2010-2020.

Hasil: Total artikel yang didapatkan adalah 698 artikel, 11 artikel terpilih untuk di-review. Beberapa artikel membandingkan nyeri persalinan pada kelompok terapi musik dan tanpa terapi musik didapatkan hasil terapi musik menjadi salah satu manajemen nyeri non farmakologis yang efektif untuk mengurangi nyeri persalinan.

Kesimpulan: Terapi musik efektif untuk mengurangi nyeri selama persalinan pada fase laten, perlu diteliti lebih lanjut terkait efektifitas dan jenis musik untuk dapat mengurangi nyeri persalinan fase aktif.


Keywords


nyeri persalinan; kecemasan; terapi musik; intervensi musik

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agnes, A., Euphemia, A., Eunice, N., Anthonia, C., & Yolanda, O. (2015). Knowledge and willingness of prenatal women in Enugu Southeastern Nigeria to use in labour non-pharmacological pain reliefs. African Health Sciences, 15(2), 568. https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v15i2.32

Astuti, I. W., Utami, P. A. S., Widyanthari, D. M., & Devayanti, N. Y. (2015). Pengaruh Hydrotheraphy Terhadap Nyeri Persalinan Kala I Fase Aktif Di Denpasar. Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknolog (Senastek), 1–6. https://repositori.unud.ac.id/protected/storage/upload/repositori/84870d472437d9563d83f777c7e37621.pdf 

Bassano, M. (2009). Terapi Musik dan Warna. Rumpun. 

Bobak, Lowdermilk, & Jensen. (2004). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Maternitas/Maternity Nursing (Edisi 4). EGC. 

Dehcheshmeh, F. S., & Rafiei, H. (2015). Complementary and alternative therapies to relieve labor pain: A comparative study between music therapy and Hoku point ice massage. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 21(4), 229–232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2015.09.002 

Direktorat Kesehatan Keluarga. (2016). Laporan Tahunan Direktorat Kesehatan Keluarga Tahun 2016. Direktorat Kesehatan Keluarga. 

Drzymalski, D. M., Tsen, L. C., Palanisamy, A., Zhou, J., Huang, C.-C., & Kodali, B. S. (2017). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Music Use During Epidural Catheter Placement on Laboring Parturient Anxiety, Pain, and Satisfaction. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 124(2), 542–547. https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000001656 

Gayiti, M.-R.-Y., Li, X.-Y., Zulifeiya, A. K., Huan, Y., & Zhao, T.-N. (2015). Comparison of the effects of water and traditional delivery on birthing women and newborns. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 19(9), 1554–1558. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26004591 

Gokyildiz Surucu, S., Ozturk, M., Avcibay Vurgec, B., Alan, S., & Akbas, M. (2018). The effect of music on pain and anxiety of women during labour on first time pregnancy: A study from Turkey. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 30, 96–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2017.12.015 

Good, M., Anderson, G. C., Ahn, S., Cong, X., & Stanton-Hicks, M. (2005). Relaxation and music reduce pain following intestinal surgery. Research in Nursing & Health, 28(3), 240–251. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20076 

Guzzetta CE. (1989). Effects of relaxation and music therapy on patients in a coronary care unit with presumptive acute myocardial infarction. Heart Lung, 18(6), 609–616. 

Hosseini, S. E., Bagheri, M., & Honarparvaran, N. (2013). Investigating the effect of music on labor pain and progress in the active stage of first labor. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 17(11), 1479–1487. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23894767 

Joanna Briggs Institute. (2017). Critical Appraisal Checklist for Randomized Controlled Trials. The Joanna Briggs Institute. www.joannabriggs.org

Labrague, L. J., & McEnroe-Petitte, D. M. (2016). Use of Music Intervention for Reducing Anxiety and Promoting Satisfaction in First-Time Filipino Fathers. American Journal of Men’s Health, 10(2), 120–127. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988314559240 

Labrague, L. J., Rosales, R. A., Rosales, G. L., & Fiel, G. B. (2013). Effects of soothing music on labor pain among Filipino mothers. Clinical Nursing Studies, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.5430/cns.v1n1p35 

Levett, K. M., Smith, C. A., Bensoussan, A., & Dahlen, H. G. (2016). Complementary therapies for labour and birth study: a randomised controlled trial of antenatal integrative medicine for pain management in labour. BMJ Open, 6(7), e010691. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010691 

Llewellyn, D. & Jones. (2001). Dasar-dasar Obstetri dan Ginekologi. Edisi IV. Jakarta : Hipokrates. 

Liu, Y.-H., Chang, M.-Y., & Chen, C.-H. (2010). Effects of music therapy on labour pain and anxiety in Taiwanese first-time mothers. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(7–8), 1065–1072. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2009.03028.x 

Metgud, M., & Gayathri, K. (2010). Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program on Knowledge and Reducing Anxiety about Labor among Primigravidae in Selected Hospitals of Belgaum, Karnataka. Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2(2), 163–168. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1090 

Miladinia, M., Pishgooie, A. H., Aliyari, S., & Mousavi Nouri, E. (2017). The Comparison of the Effect of Two Complementary Medicine Methods (Music Therapy and Massage Therapy) On Postoperative Acute Pain After Abdominal Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 19(6). https://doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.14974 

Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Ciência Tecnologia e Insumos Estratégicos. Departamento de Gestão e Incorporação de Tecnologias em Saúde. (2017). Diretrizes nacionais de assistência ao parto normal. Ministério da Saúde. 

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), e1000097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097 

Oyetunde, M. O., & Ojerinde, O. E. (2013). Labour pain perception and use of non-pharmacologic labour support in newly delivered mothers in Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, 7(4), 164–169. https://doi.org/10.12968/ajmw.2013.7.4.164 

Rahman, S. A., Handayani, A., Sumarni, S., & Mallongi, A. (2017). Penurunan Nyeri Persalinan dengan Kompres Hangat dan Massage Effleurage. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 13(2), 147. https://doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v13i2.1986 

Richards, T., Johnson, J., Sparks, A., & Emerson, H. (2007). The effect of music therapy on patients’ perception and manifestation of pain, anxiety, and patient satisfaction. Medsurg Nursing: Official Journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses, 16(1), 7–14; quiz 15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17441624 

Sastrawinata, S. (2004). Ilmu Kesehatan Reproduksi : Obstetri Patolog. Ed. 2. Jakarta : EGC. 

Simavli, S., Gumus, I., Kaygusuz, I., Yildirim, M., Usluogullari, B., & Kafali, H. (2014). Effect of Music on Labor Pain Relief, Anxiety Level and Postpartum Analgesic Requirement: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 78(4), 244–250. https://doi.org/10.1159/000365085 

Simavli, S., Kaygusuz, I., Gumus, I., Usluogulları, B., Yildirim, M., & Kafali, H. (2014). Effect of music therapy during vaginal delivery on postpartum pain relief and mental health. Journal of Affective Disorders, 156, 194–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.027 

Solehati, T. (2018). Terapi Nonfarmakologi Nyeri Pada Persalinan: Systematic Review. Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.30651/jkm.v3i1.1568 

Taghavi, S., Barband, S., & Khaki, A. (2015). Effect Of Hydrotherapy On Pain Of Labor Process. BALTICA, 28(1). 

Taghinejad, H., Delpisheh, A., & Suhrabi, Z. (2010). Comparison between Massage and Music Therapies to Relieve the Severity of Labor Pain. Women’s Health, 6(3), 377–381. https://doi.org/10.2217/WHE.10.15 

Yuliatun, L. (2008). Penanganan Nyeri Persalinan dengan Metode Nonfarmakologi. Bayumedia Publishing.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.55252

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2203 | views : 4572

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


site
stats View My Stats