Pengaruh Kebisingan terhadap Tekanan Darah, dengan Stres Kerja sebagai Variabel Mediator

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.54088

Sumardiyono Sumardiyono(1*), Reni Wijayanti(2), Hartono Hartono(3), Maria Theresia Sri Budiastuti(4)

(1) Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(2) Program Diploma 3 Hiperkes dan Keselamatan Kerja, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(3) Bagian Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(4) Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Kebisingan lingkungan kerja merupakan stresor penyebab stres kerja pada tenaga kerja. Stres kerja menyebabkan kenaikan tekanan darah yang menjadi penyebab hipertensi.

Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh tidak langsung antara kebisingan terhadap tekanan darah melalui variabel mediator stres kerja.

Metode: Penelitian dilakukan secara observasional analitik melalui pendekatan cross-sectional, pada populasi pekerja perempuan yang terpapar kebisingan lingkungan kerja di industri tekstil. Jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 139 orang yang diambil secara random. Uji statistik menggunakan model analisis jalur yang dihitung menggunakan software AMOS versi 22.

Hasil: Rerata skor variabel stres kerja = 22,1 point, tekanan darah sistolik = 131,7 mmHg dan diastolik = 88,1 mmHg. Pada model analisis jalur dihasilkan ada hubungan langsung antara kebisingan dengan stres kerja (kenaikan 1 point kebisingan meningkatkan 0,5 point skor stres kerja), dan ada hubungan tidak langsung antara kebisingan dengan tekanan darah melalui variabel mediator stres kerja (kenaikan kebisingan 1 point secara tidak langsung meningkatkan tekanan darah, masing-masing adalah sistolik sebesar 1,8 point dan diastolik sebesar 0,8 point).

Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan positif secara tidak langsung antara kebisingan dengan tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik melalui stres kerja sebagai variabel mediator.


Keywords


kebisingan; stres kerja; tekanan darah

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkesvo.54088

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