Pemantauan status gizi balita di Kota Yogyakarta: metode pelaksanaan, tantangan, dan persepsi ibu balita tentang posyandu selama pandemi COVID-19

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.71703

Rachmawati Widyaningrum(1*), Annisa Parisudha(2), Yuni Wahyuningsih Setiawan(3), Nurfaizah Jawardi(4), Nur Hurriah Nabila Faras(5)

(1) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(4) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(5) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: COVID-19 pandemic brings a higher risk of malnutrition because of the economic crisis that emphasizes the importance of child nutritional status monitoring during the pandemic. However, nutrition-related care in health care faces several challenges to the social limitation policy for preventing virus spreading. Challenges include delivery, coordination, and follow-up methods. In addition, the mothers' perception concerning the importance of nutritional status monitoring also becomes the determinant of their participation.

Objectives: This research aimed to explore the implementation method, challenges, and mothers' perception of the children's nutritional status monitoring process during a pandemic through “posyandu” by applying health protocols.

Methods: This research is a descriptive qualitative study in which the data were collected using in-depth interviews. The respondents in this study were mothers of a child aged 0-5 years who lived in Yogyakarta and participated actively in Posyandu. Data triangulation was applied by interviewing the cadres of posyandu and nutritionists in Health Care or Office in Yogyakarta. 

Results: The posyandu delivered the measurements by adjusting the method with an invitation divided into several measurement sessions or a door-to-door system to minimize crowd. The obstacles faced were the need to procure medical devices and ensure the validity of the data obtained. 

Conclusions: Child nutritional status monitoring during the COVID-19 pandemic was conducted by applying COVID-19 safety protocols according to the recommendations of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. There should be sufficient support from stakeholders to help posyandu overcome the obstacles: the procurement of medical equipment to meet the health protocol requirements. In addition, there is a need to improve parents' skills in measuring child anthropometric measurements through education and guidelines.


Keywords


child’s nutritional status; COVID-19; malnutrition; nutritional status monitoring; posyandu

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.71703

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