Effect of high-protein milk on lipid profiles and blood glucose in young adult

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.64579

Harna Harna(1*), Clara Meliyanti Kusharto(2), Katrin Roosita(3), Andi Muh Asrul Irawan(4), Mertien Sa’pang(5), Prita Dhyani Swamilaksita(6)

(1) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Esa Unggul, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
(3) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
(4) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Al Azhar Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(5) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Esa Unggul, Jakarta, Indonesia
(6) Program Studi Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Esa Unggul, Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: High-protein milk is a complex food that contains several potentially bioactive compounds that might affect blood glucose and cholesterol. Epidemiological data indicate that high-protein milk consumption is associated with a decrease in the prevalence of metabolic disorders or maintaining metabolic health.

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the effect of high-protein milk on cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose.

Methods: This study used an experimental trial with the designed randomized controlled trial. The subjects were divided into two groups: 24 subjects in the treatment group and 23 subjects in the control group. The treatment group was given high-protein milk and nutritional education for 90 days. The control groups were given nutritional education.

Results: The results showed that blood glucose did not have a significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05), but it decreased 1.75±3.6 mg/dl after high-protein milk intervention. Blood cholesterol and LDL showed significant differences between the two groups (p<0.05). HDL and triglycerides showed no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Intervention of high-protein milk could significantly reduce cholesterol and LDL levels and reduce blood glucose after 90 days of intervention in the young adult age group. High-protein milk can be a recommendation to prevent metabolic syndrome.


Keywords


fasting blood glucose; high-protein milk; lipid profiles

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.64579

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