Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan melalui short message service (sms) dan booklet tentang obesitas pada remaja overweight dan obesitas

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.22920

Usi Lanita(1*), Toto Sudargo(2), Emy Huriyati(3)

(1) Minat Utama Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departeman Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departeman Gizi Kesehatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Adolescent is an important period to be considered because it is a transition period between children and adult. Nutrition problem in an adolescent is while the decline of physical activity, teenage generally have a big appetite, hence, they often look for additional food. The majority of diet that teenage like are an energy dense, sweet, and high-fat foods, which could have a risk of causing overweight and obesity if consumed excessively. Therefore, one of the efforts to overcome the nutrition problem is given a health education to teenage.

Objective: To seek for the effect of health education by short message service (SMS) and a booklet about obesity on knowledge and body mass index (BMI) in an overweight and obese adolescent.

Method: This study used a quasi-experiment with pre-test and post-test design. The subject were 105 respondents of overweight and obese senior high school students. The data were analyze used a paired t-test and ANOVA with p=0.05 and CI=95%.

Results: Health education by SMS, booklet and the combination of SMS and booklet had a significant effect statistically (p<0.05) on knowledge in an overweight and obese adolescent. The combination of SMS and booklet had a significant effect statistically on BMI. The result of ANOVA in knowledge variable showed that combination of SMS and booklet group is more effective than other groups. Whereas health education of BMI variable by SMS, booklet, and the combination of SMS and booklet were not effective (p>0.05) to reduce BMI in an overweight and obese adolescent.

Conclusion: Health education by SMS, booklet, and combination of SMS and booklet have an effect on increasing the knowledge in overweight and obese adolescent, whereas on BMI, only SMS and booklet have an effect on reducing BMI.


Keywords


body mass index (BMI); booklet; knowledge; obesity; short message service (sms)

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Popkin BM. The nutrition transition and obesity in the developing world. J Nutr 2001;131(3):871S-873S.
  2. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, McDowell MA, Tabak CJ, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. JAMA 2006;295(13):1549-55.
  3. WHO. Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic report of WHO consultation. Geneva: WHO; 2000.
  4. Kemenkes RI. Laporan hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) Indonesia tahun 2013. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2013.
  5. Mahdiah, Hadi H, Susetyowati. (2004). Prevalensi obesitas dan hubungan konsumsi fast food dengan kejadian obesitas pada remaja SLTP kota dan desa di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia 2004;1(2):69-77.
  6. Sukaton U. Kelainan metabolik pada obesitas. Majalah Dokter Keluarga 1990;9(10):14.
  7. Saragih JES. Promosi kesehatan untuk penanggulangan overweight dan obesitas pada mahasiswi akademi kebidanan [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2007.
  8. Joo NS, Kim BT. Mobile phone short message service messaging for behaviour modification in a community-based weight control programme in Korea. J Telemed Telecare 2007;13(8):416-20.
  9. Huriyati E, Hadi H, Julia M. Aktivitas fisik pada remaja SLTP Kota Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Bantul serta hubungannya dengan kejadian obesitas. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia 2004;1(2):59-66.
  10. Abdullah IR. Pengaruh penyuluhan dengan media audiovisual terhadap tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu gizi kurang dan buruk di Kabupaten Kotawaringin Barat Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2007.
  11. Triana W. Pendidikan kesehatan melalui metode ceramah dengan modul, dibandingkan metode ceramah tanpa modul untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap wanita dalam menghadapi menopause di Kota Yogyakarta [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2002.
  12. Murti B. Prinsip dan metode riset epidemiologi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press; 2003.
  13. Kusfriyadi MK, Hadi H, Fuad A. Pendidikan gizi dan pesan gizi melalui short message service terhadap pengetahuan, perilaku, dan kepatuhan ibu hamil minum tablet besi. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia 2012;9(2):87-96.
  14. Goodarzi M, Ebrahimzadeh I, Rabi A, Saedipoor B, Jafarabadi MA. Impact of distance education via mobile phone text messaging on knowledge, attitude, practice and self efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Iran. J Diabetes Metab Disord 2012;11(1):10.
  15. Fjeldsoe BS, Marshall AL, Miller YD. Behavior change interventions delivered by mobile telephone short-message service. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2009;36(2):165-73.
  16. Mintarsih. Pendidikan kesehatan menggunakan booklet dan poster dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap remaja tentang kesehatan reproduksi di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2007.
  17. Andriani R, Effendy R, Nurhesti P. Perbedaan Tingkat pengetahuan perawat pre dan post pemberian booklet diagnosa keperawatan dan masalah kolaboratif pada pasien stroke. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan 2009;4(3).
  18. Arsyad A. Media pembelajaran. (A. Rahman, Ed.). Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada; 2011.
  19. Sulastri N, Effendy C, Haryani. Pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan dan keterlibatan keluarga dalam pencegahan dekubitus pada pasien tirah baring. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan 2008;3(3):193-201.
  20. Muhammad. Efektivitas layanan pesan pendek dan media leaflet dalam promosi kesehatan tentang kesiapsiagaan bencana bagi pelajar sekolah menengah pertama di Kota Banda Aceh. [Tesis]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada; 2011.
  21. Nelson JA, Carpenter K, Chiasson MA. Diet, activity, and overweight among preschool-age children enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Prev Chronic Dis 2006;3(2):A49.
  22. Siswadi Y, Dayrit M, Baradero M. Konseling dalam keperawatan. Jakarta: EGC; 2006.
  23. De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lefevre J, Deforche B, Wijndaele K, Matton L, Philippaerts R. Physical activity and psychosocial correlates in normal weight and overweight 11 to 19 year olds. Obes Res 2005;13(6):1097-105.
  24. Berkey CS, Rockett HR, Gillman MW, Colditz GA. One-Year changes in activity and in inactivity among 10- to 15-year-old boys and girls: relationship to change in body mass index. Pediatrics 2003;111(4):836-43.
  25. Boutcher SH. High-intensity intermittent exersice and fat loss. J Obes 2011;2011:868305.
  26. Kurniasih D, Hilmansyah H, Astuti MP, Imam S. Sehat dan bugar berkat gizi seimbang. Jakarta: PT Gramedia; 2010.
  27. Lowry R, Lee SM, Fulton JE, Demissie Z, Kann L. Obesity and other correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior among US high scool students. J Obes 2013;2013:276318.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.22920

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2660 | views : 4144

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia (JGKI) Indexed by:
 
 Crossref   Google Scholar Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia OneSearch (IOS)  CORE   

  Creative Commons License

JGKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free
web stats View My Stats