Pengaruh konseling gizi terhadap status gizi ibu hamil KEK pada program JPS-BK di Kota Palembang

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17373

Hana Yuniarti(1*), Dradjat Boediman(2), Toto Sudargo(3)

(1) Akademi Gizi Depkes RI Palembang
(2) Bagian Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta/Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Low quality and quantity of food and limited knowledge on nutrition are major cause of malnutrition among pregnant mothers. Nutrition counseling is expected to improve nutrition status of pregnant mothers.

Objective: To identify the effect of nutrition counseling to nutrition status of chronic energy malnourished pregnant mothers.

Method: The study was a quasi experiment which used pretest – posttest control group design. Subject of the study were pregnant mothers with upper arm circle < 23.5 cm. The study was conducted at 2 health centers which had high prevalence of chronic energy malnourished pregnant mothers in Palembang Municipality. Nutrition counseling was given every 2 weeks within 3 months. Data obtained were food consumption every 2 weeks at 6 times (multiple recall), weight gain and measurement of upper arm circle once a month and knowledge of the subject about nutrition.

Results: There was difference in knowledge of mothers who got nutrition counseling from those who did not (p<0.05). There was difference in energy consumption of mothers who got nutrition counseling from those who did not (p<0.05). There was no difference in protein consumption between mothers who got nutrition counseling and those who did not (p<0.05). There was difference in weight and upper arm circle of mothers who got nutrition counseling and those who did not (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Nutrition counseling affected increase of knowledge, energy consumption, weight and upper arm circle. Nutrition counseling did not affect increase of protein consumption.


Keywords


nutrition counseling; chronic energy malnutrition

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijcn.17373

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