Some Aspects of the Reproductive of Japanese Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus japonicus Bloch, 1791) Caught in the Area Around the Artificial Reef In the Pitu Sunggu Waters of the Makassar Strait

Wayan Kantun(1*), Wilma Moka(2)

(1) Aquatic Resource Management, Balik Diwa Institute of Technology and Maritime Business, Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(2) Aquatic Resource Management, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Japanese Threadfin Bream is a demersal fish commonly found around artificial reefs. Food availability in the artificial reef ecosystem is essential for the sustainability of this species. Hence, this research aimed to determine several aspects of bio-reproduction of Japanese Threadfin Bream caught in the artificial reef (bioreeftek). Samples were taken using handline fishing, twice a month (April-July 2020) in Pitu Sunggu Waters, Makassar Strait. The samples were observed for its reproduction aspects.  The result showed that the Japanese Threadfin Bream fish caught have a balanced sex ratio between males and females, 1:1.03. The analysis of the gonad maturity stage obtained was II-IV, and the gonado somatic index ranged from 0.541-0.940 for males and 1.156-2.358 for females. The first mature Japanese Threadfin Bream size was 18.29 cm for males and 16.99 cm for females. The Japanese Threadfin Bream fish fecundity ranged between 35.042-42.061 eggs.


Artificial reefs; Japanese Threadfin Bream; Makassar Strait; reproduction

Full Text:



Afshari, M., T. Valinassab, J. Seifabadi & E. Kamaly. 2013. Age determination and feeding habits of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791) in the Nothern Oman Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 12 (2): 248-264.

Amine, A.M. 2012. Biology and assessment of the tread fin bream Nemipterus japonicus in Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Egypt. J. Aquat. Biol. & fish. 16 (2): 47-57.

Amira, F.S., M.M. Rahman, B.Y. Kamaruzzaman, K.C.A. Jalal, M.Y. Hossain & N.S. Khan. 2016. Relative abundance and growth of male and female Nemipterus furcosus population. Sains Malaysiana. 45 (1): 79-86.

Brojo M, Rian, PS. 2002. reproductive biology of five-lined threadfin bream (Nemipterus tambuloides Blkr.) what landed in place of Fish Auction Labuan, Pandeglang. Indonesian Journal of Ichthyology. 2 (1): 9-13.

Burcu, T & Y. Sercan. 2021. Reproductive biology of non-native Nemipterus randalli Russell, 1986 and native Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Aegean Sea. North-Western Journal of Zoology. 17 (2): 180-186.

Chullasom, S & P. Martusubroto. 1986. Distribution And critical biological features of coastal fish Resources Ni Southeast Asia. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 84 p

Chythanya, R., I. Karunasagar & I. Karunasagar. 2002. Inhibition of shrimp pathogenic Vibrios by a marine Pseudomonas I-2 Strain. Aquaculture. 208 (1-2): 1-10.

Effendie, M.I. 1979: Fisheries Biology Method. Yayasan Dewi Sri. Bogor. 112 p

Effendie, M.I. 1997. Fisheries Biology. Yayasan Pustaka Nusataman. Yogyakarta. 155 p

Effendie, M.I. 2002: Fisheries Biology. Yayasan Pustaka Nusataman. Yogyakarta. 163 p

El-Alfawy, M.M & M.R. Amal. 2014. accessory kidney of threadfin bream nemipterus japonicus and their Relation to Gonad Maturation. International Journal of Aquaculture. 4 (13): 79-84.

ElHaweet, A.E.A. 2013. Biological studies of the invasive species Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791) as a red sea immigrant into the Mediterranean. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research. 39 (4): 267-274.

Ghosh, S., M. Muktha, M.V.H. Rao & P.R. Behera. 2015. Assessment of stock status of the exploited fishery resources in northern Bay of Bengal using landed catch data. Indian J. Fish. 62 (4): 23-30.

Inaku, D.F. 2015. Analysis of upwelling distribution and area enlargement in the Southern of Makassar Strait. Torani Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 25 (3): 67-74.

Kantun, W., D. Lukman & W.S. Arsana. 2018. Species composition and size of fish caught in FADs using hand-line in Makassar Strait. Marine Fisheries. 9 (2): 157-167.

Kantun, W., M. Achmar & L.R. Nuraeni. 2014. Structure size and number of catches according from yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) to time and depth in Makassar Strait. Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology. 9 (2): 39-48.

Kasmi, M., H. Syamsul & W. Kantun. 2017. Reproductive biology of Indian mackerel, Rastreliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) in Takalar Coastal Waters, South Sulawesi. Indonesian Journal of Ichthyology. 17 (3): 259-271.

Kerdgari, M., T. Valinassab & S. Jamili. 2013. Histological studies of ovarian development of the Japanese Threadfin Bream, Nemipterus japonicus, in the Northern of Persian Gulf. Int. J.MAr.Sci.Eng. 3 (3): 133-140.

Kerdgari, M., T. Valinassab, S. Jamili, M.R. Fatemi & F. Kaymaram. 2009. Reproductive biology of the Japanese Threadfin Bream, Nemipterus japonicus, in the Northern of Perisan Gulf. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 4 (3): 143-149.

Manojkumar, P.P. 2004. Some aspects on the biology of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch) from Veraval in Gujarat. Indian Journal Fish. 51 (2): 185-191.

MMF (Ministry of Marine and Fisheries). 2017.. Estimation of potential, allowable catch and level of utilization of fish resources in the State Fisheries Management Area of the Republic of Indonesia. Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Regulation Number 50 of 2017. 8 p

Musick, J.A. 2000. Life in the slow lane: Ecology and conservation of long-lived marine animals. American Fisheries Society. 265 p.

Nettely, T., A.H. Rajaee, N.A. Denil, M.H. Idris, M.H. Nesarul, S.M.A. Nurul & M.K.H. Abu. 2016. Reproductive biology of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791) from the coastal waters of Bintulu (South China Sea), Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Environmental Biology. 37 (4): 715-724.

Oktaviyani, S., M. Boer & Y. Yonvitner. 2016. Biological aspects of Japanese Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus japonicus) in the gulf of Banten. Jurnal Bawal. 8 (1): 21-28.

Ozen, M.R. 2021. Some histological reveal on reproduction of one of the Lessepsian species, Nemipterus randalli, in Antalya (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 45 (4): 621-631.

Persada, L.G., M. Eva & R. Dwi. 2016. Reproductive aspects of the Japanese Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus furcosus) that attended at the port Sungailiat Nusantara Fisheries . Akuatik: Jurnal Sumberdaya Perairan. 10 (2): 46-55.

Rahman, M.M & F.S. Amira. 2021. Reproductive cycle, sexual maturity and fecundity of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes, 1830). Jurnal Aquaculture and Fisheries 6: 424-431.

Rao, M.V.H., G. Shubhadeep, K. Sreeramulu, V.U. Mahesh, M.K. Satish & M. Muktha. 2017. Reproductive biology of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791) in the trawl grounds along the northeast coast of India. Indian J. Fish. 64 (4): 21-27.

Rapita, R., S. Susiana, S., Rochmady, R. 2020. Length-weight relationship of Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus sp.) in Village Malang Rapat Waters, Bintan Regency, Riau Island. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan. 13 (2): 449-453.

Rasyid, A. 2011. Distribution of chlorophyll-a in the season of east in Spermonde Aquatic South Sulawesi. Jurnal Fish Scientiae. 1 (2): 105-116.

Russell, B.C. 1993. A review of the threadfin breams of the genus Nemipterus (Nemipteridae) from Japan and Taiwan, with description of a new species. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 39. 295-310 p.

Sen, S., G.R. Dash, M.K. Koya, K.R. Sreenath, S.K. Mojjada, M.K. Fofandi, M.S. Zala & S. Kumari. 2014. Stock assessment of Japanese threadfin bream, Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch, 1791) from Veraval Water. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences, 43 (4): 519-527.

Sutjipto, D.O. Muhammad, S. Soemarno & Marsoedi. 2013. Population dynamics of the Japanese threadfin bream (Nemipterus hexodon) from Madura Strait. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan. 18 (3),:165-171.

Taylani, B & S. YYapici. 2021. Reproductive biology of non-native Nemipterus randalli Russell, 1986 and native Pagellus erythrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) from the Aegean Sea. North-Western Journal of Zoology. 17 (2): 180-186.

Tormosova, I.D. 1983. Variation in the age at maturity of the North Sea haddock. Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Gadidae). J. Ichthyol. 3: 68-74.

Udupa, K.S. 1986. Statistical method of estimating the size at first maturity in fishes.Fishbyte, 4 (2): 8-10.

Valinassab, T., R. Daryanabard, R. Dehghani & J.G. Pierce. 2006. Abundance of demersal fish resources in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association, 86, 1455-1462.

Wahyuni, I.S., S.T. Hartati & I.J. Indarsyah. 2009. Information on the fisheries biology of the Japanese Threadfin Bream (Nemipterus japonicus) in Blanakan and Tegal. BAWAL, 2 (4): 171-176.

Widagdo, A., Z.R. Fadly, M. Ariana, M.A. Azia, H. Hanifah, A.S. Keo, E.A. Sadir, F. Hermawan, F.A. Darondo, M.H. Sitepu, R. Sareng, S. Alamsah & F.I. Pickassa. 2019. The sustainable potential of threadfin bream Nemipterus japonicus in Brondong, East Java, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux. 12 (4):1080-1086.

Wu, C., W. Jinn-Shing, L. Kwang-Ming & S. Wei-Cheng. 2008. Reproductive Biology of the Notchedfin Threadfin Bream, Nemipterus peronii (Nemipteridae), in Waters of Southwestern Taiwan. Zoological Studies. 47 (1): 103-113. Corpus ID: 54640431


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 450 | views : 497


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).


View My Stats