The Growth Performance of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Seeds Fed with Different Quantities of a Synbiont Feed

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.68510

Rahmi Rahmi(1*), Andi Ninnong Renita Relatami(2), Akmal Akmal(3), Sri Wahyuni Firman(4), Bunga Rante Tampangallo(5), Andi Chadijah(6), Dida Ardiayana(7), Emienour Muzalina(8)

(1) Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Muhammadiyah Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(2) Veterinary Medicine Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(3) Takalar Brackish Water Cultivation Fisheries Center, Takalar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(4) Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Muhammadiyah Education University Sorong, Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia
(5) Research Institute for Coastal Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension (RICAFE), Maros, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(6) Aquaculture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Muhammadiyah Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(7) Pertamina DPPU Hasanuddin, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(8) Faculty of Fisheries and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study were aims to test the growth performance of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) seeds fed with different quantities of the symbiont, consisting of a probiotic and a prebiotic, such as B. subtilis and banana flour, respectively. This study employs an experimental approach with a completely randomized design (CRD). Furthermore, artificial feeds were prepared as various treatments, consisting of B. subtilis and banana flour concentrations. They include treatment A, which does not contain B. subtilis and banana flour, and also treatment B, C, and D, which consists of B. subtilis at concentrations of 105 CFU/mL, 107 CFU/mL, and 109 CFU/mL, respectively, as well as 1% banana flour. The results obtained showed that weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate SGR were significantly different in treatment B but the survival rate (SR), food conversion rasio (FCR), hepatosomatic index (HSI), and condition factor (K) did not show significant results. Meanwhile, somatic digestive index (DSI) showed a significant difference with treatment A, C, and D, but not with treatment B. However, treatment B showed a relatively better performance based on the SR, FCR, and WG at 96.67 %, 1.05 %, and 3.49 %, respectively.


Keywords


Dosage; fish seeds; growth; probiotics

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abareethan, M & A. Amsath. 2015. Characterization and evaluation of probiotic fish feed. International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology. 3 (2): 148-153. Abdel-Tawwab, A.M. Abdel-Rahman & N.E.M. Ismael. 2008. Evaluation of commercial live bakers' yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a growth and immunity promoter for fry Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.) challenged in situ with Aeromonas hydrophila. Aquaculture. 280: 185-189 doi:10.1016/j. aquaculture.2008.03.055. Abdelhamid, M.A., A.M.M. Refaey, A.M.E. Seden & O.A. Zenhom. 2014. Effect of different sources and levels of some dietary biological additives on IV – immunity and hematology of nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Egypt, J. Aquat. Biol. Fish. 18:49–60, doi:10.12816/0011096. Adelina, A., M. Feliatra, T.I. Siregar & I. Suharman. 2020. Utilization of feather meal fermented Bacillus subtilis to replace fish meal in the diet of silver pompano, Trachinotus blochii (Lacepede, 1801). AACL Bioflux. 13 (1): 100-108. Aly, S.M., Y.A.G. Ahmed, A.A.A. Ghareeb & M.F. Mohamed. 2008. Studies on Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus acidophilus as potential probiotics on the immune response and resistance of Tilapia nilotica (Oreochromis niloticus) to challenge infections. Fish & shellfish immunology. 25 (12): 128-136. doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2008.03.013 Bomba, R., S. Nemcová, R. Gancarcíková, P. Herich, D. Guba & M. Mudronová. 2002. Improvement of the probiotic effect of microorganisms by their combination with maltodextrins, fructooligosaccharides, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, Br. J. Nutr. 88 S95. doi:10.1079/BJN2002634. Cerezuela, R., J. Meseguer & M.A. Esteban. 2011. Current knowledge in synbiotic use for fish aquaculture: A Review. J Aquac Res Development S1:008. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.S1008. Effendie. M.I. 1979. Metode Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Dewi Sri Bogor, Bogor. El-Haroun, E.R., AMAS. Goda & M.A. Kabir Chowdhury. 2006. Effect of dietary probiotic biogen® supplementation as a growth promoter on growth performance and feed utilization of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquac. Res. 37:1473–1480, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2006.01584.x. Encina, L & C. Granado-Lorencio. 1997. Seasonal changes in condition, nutrition, gonad maturation, and energy content in barbel Barbus sclateri inhabiting a fluctuating river. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 50: 75-84. FAO. 2018. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals, FAO, Fisheries Department, Rome, Italy. Gatesoupe, F.J. 1999. The use of probiotics in aquaculture. Aquaculture. 180: 147–165. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00187–8 Geraylou, Z.C. E.R. Souffreau, L.D. Meester, C.M. Courtin, J.A. Delcour, J. Buyse & F. Ollivier. 2013. Effects of arabinoxylan–oligosaccarides (A×os) and endogenous probiotics on the growth performance, non–specific immunity, and gut microbiota on juvenile Siberian sturgeon (Acipencer Baerii). J. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 35 (11): 766-775. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.06.014 Han, B., W. Long, J. He, Y. Liu, Y. Si & L. Tian. 2015. Effects of dietary Bacillus licheniformis on growth performance, immunological parameters, intestinal morphology, and resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) to challenge infections. J. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 46: 225-231. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2015.06.018. Huisman, E.A. 1987. Principles of fish production. Department of Fish Culture and Fisheries, Wageningen Agriculture University.Wageningen. Netherland. 170p. Hossain, M., G.S. Haylo & M.C.M. Beveridge. 2001. Effect of feeding time and frequency on the growth and feed utilization of african catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fingerlings. Aquaculture Research. 32 (10): 999-1004. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2109.2001.00635.x Kurniawan, A., S. Suminto & A. Haditomo. 2019. Pengaruh penambahan bakteri kandidat probiotik Bacillus Methylothropicus pada pakan buatan terhadap profil darah dan performa pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) yang diuji tantang dengan bakteri Aeromonas hydrophila. Sains Akuakultur Tropis: Indonesian Journal Of Tropical Aquaculture. 3 (1): 82-92. doi:https://doi.org/10.14710/sat.v3i1.3956 Kesarcodi-Watson, A., H. Kaspar, J. Lategan & L. Gibson. 2008. Probiotics in aquaculture: The need, principles, and mechanisms of action and screening processes. Aquaculture. 274: 1-14. Liu, H., S. Wang, Y. Cai, X. Guo, Z. Cao, Y. Zhang, S. Liu, W. Yuan, W. Zhu, Y. Zheng, Z. Xie, W. Guo & Y. Zhou. 2017. Dietary administration of Bacillus subtilis HAINUP40 enhances growth, digestive enzyme activities, innate immune responses, and disease resistance of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 60: 326–333. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.201612.003 Lusiastuti, A.M., S. Andriyanto & R. Samsudin. 2017. Efektivitas kombinasi probiotik mikroenkapsulasi melalui pakan untuk pengendalian penyakit Motile Aeromonas septicemia pada ikan lele Clarias gariepinus. J. Ris. Akuakultur. 12 (2): 179-186. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jra.12.2.2017.179–186 Lumpan, P., Y. Yifeng, L. Xiaoqin, Z. Xu, Y. Wenxiang, W. Pu, L. Congyan & L. Xiangjun. 2020. Efficacy of phytogenic extracts on growth performance and health of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus). Aquaculture and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaf.2020.08.009. Le Cren, C.P. 1951. Length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology. 20 (2): 201-219. Lara-Flores, M & M.A. Olvera-Novoa. 2013. The use of lactic acid bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) as growth promoters in fish-fed low protein diets, Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. 41:4 90–497 doi:10.3856/vol41-issue3-fulltext-12. Mary, A., O. Opiyo, J. Jumbe, C. Charles, C. Ngugi & H.Charo-Karisa. 2019. Different levels of probiotics affect the growth, survival, and body composition of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultured in low input ponds. Scientific African. 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sciaf.2019.e00103. Murall, C.L., J.L. Abbate, M.P. Touzel, E. Allen-Vercoe, S. Alizon, R. Froissart & K. Mc.Cann. 2017. Invasions of host-associated microbiome networks, in: Advances in Ecological Research. Elsevier. 201-281. Mulyani, Y.S & M. Fitrani. 2014. Pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pakan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus) yang dipuasakan secara periodik. Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia. 2 (1): 1-12. doi : 10.36706/jari.v2i1.1958. Nayak, S.K. 2010. Probiotics and immunity: a fish perspective, Fish Shellfish Immunol. 29: 2–14, doi:10.1016/j.fsi.2010.02.017. Nikolsky, G.V. 1963. The ecology of fishes. Academic Press. New York. 325 p. Nuez-Ortín, W.G. 2013. Natural growth promoters in aquaculture practices. Centro Tecnológico del Mar-Fundación. 9-3. Pangaribuan, E., A.D. Sasanti & M. Amin. 2017. Efisiensi pakan, pertumbuhan, kelangsungan hidup dan respon imun ikan patin (Pangasius sp.) yang diberi pakan bersinbiotik. JKR Indonesia. 5 (2): 140-154. Putra, A.N., N.B.P. Utomo & W. Widanarni. 2015. Growth performance of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed with probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic in the diet. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 14 (5): 263- 268. Rahmi, R., K. Nisaa, A. Akmal, M. Mardiana, A. Chadijah & N.I. Salam. 2021. Peningkatan ketahanan benih ikan nila salin (Oreochromis niloticus) terhadap penyakit streptococcosis melalui vaksinasi induk. Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada. 23 (1): 31-36. https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.60280 Ringo, E., R.E. Olse, T.T.O. Gifstad, R.A. Dalmo, H. Amlund, G.L. Hemre & A.M. Bakke. 2010. Prebiotics in aquaculture: a review. Aquaculture Nutrition. 16:117-136. Rusdani, M.M., S.A.S Waspodo & Z. Abidin. 2016. Pengaruh pemberian probiotik Bacillus spp. melalui pakan terhadap kelangsungan hidup dan laju pertumbuhan ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). J. Bio. Tropis. 16 (1): 34-40. doi:10.29303/jbt.v16i1.103 Tacon, A.E.J. 1987. The Nutrition And Feeding Formed Fish And Shrimp. A Training Manual Food And Agriculture Of United Nation Brazilling, Brazil. Van Doan, H., SH. Hoseinifar, E. Ringø, M.E.A. Esteban, M. Dadar, M.A.O. Dawood & C. Faggio. 2019. Host-associated probiotics: A key factor in sustainable aquaculture. Rev. Fish. Sci. Aquac. 1-27. Van Doan, H., SK. Hoseinifar, C. Khanongnuch, A. Kanpiengjai, K. Unban, V. Van Kim & S. Srichaiyo. 2018. Host-associated probiotics boosted mucosal and serum immunity, disease resistance, and growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture. 491: 94-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.03.019. Welker, T.L & C. Lim. 2011. Use of probiotics in diets of tilapia. J. Aquac. Res. Dev. s1. 2011. 1–8, doi:10.4172/2155-9546.S1-014. Widanarni, W., S. Sukenda & G.R. Septiani. 2016. Aplikasi sinbiotik untuk pencegahan infeksi infectious myonecrosis virus pada udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei). J Vet Sci. 10 (2): 121-127. doi: /10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i2.5041



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.68510

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1636 | views : 1041

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).

 

View My Stats