Microplastic Abundances in the Sediment of Coastal Beaches in Badung, Bali

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.45871

Maghfira Shafazamilla Mauludy(1), Agung Yunanto(2), Defri Yona(3*)

(1) Fisheries and Marine Science Department, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
(2) Institute for Marine Research and Observation (IMRO), Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Jalan Baru Perancak, Negara, Bali
(3) Fisheries and Marine Science Department, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang - Marine Research and Exploration and Management (MEXMA) Research Group, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The use of plastic material has increased significantly because of its durability and resistance from degradation. Plastic wastes could degrade into smaller size known as microplastics. The purposes of this study are to analyze and to compare total abundance of microplastic among coastal beaches in Badung, Bali. This study was conducted at five different coastal beaches which are Doublesix Beach, Kuta Beach, Melasti Beach, Mengiat Beach, and Tanjung Benoa Beach. Microplastic abundance was found in the average of 90.7±59.1 particles kg-1. There are three types of microplastic found in this study; film, fiber, and fragment and the abundances were varied among beaches. Fiber dominated all the study areas in the average of 42.8±24.1 particle kg-1. Kuta Beach has the highest amount of microplastic compared to the other beaches with the average of 148.9±103.8 particles kg-1. It might be due to Kuta Beach is the very famous beach visited by many tourists in the Bali Island. Moreover, this study was conducted during monsoon season that has been know to bring plastic wastes to Kuta Beach.


Keywords


Fiber; film; fragment; microplastic; coastal beach

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.45871

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