Distribusi Residu Logam Berat Timbal (Pb) dalam Organ Ikan Bandeng (Chanos chanos) PADA Salinitas Air Berbeda

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.162

Petrus Rani Pong-Masak(1*), Rachmansyah Rachmansyah(2)

(1) Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau
(2) Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Determination of plumbum (Pb) residue distribution in the organs of milkfish, Chanos chanos reared in different water salinities was performed in a 2,000 l fiberglass container under laboratory condition. Water salinity levels as treatment were 10, 20, and 30 ppt. Milkfishes (100±14 g) obtained from local farmer were reared in 2,000 l fiberglass container at density of 40 individu/l. The fishes were exposured with Pb at 2 ppm. Sampling were conducted at 0 (initial), 7, 14 and 21 days after application of Pb. Pb was extracted from flesh, kidney, liver, intestine, and gill, and determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results showed that Pb residue in milkfish organs increase when water salinity decrease. The highest Pb residue concentration found in kidney followed by liver, intestine, flesh and gill.


Keywords


milkfish (Chanos chanos), Pb, residue, salinity

Full Text:

Full Article (PDF)


References

Chanratchakool, P., F.J. Turnbull, J.S. Funge-Smith, H.I. MacRae, and C. Limsuwan. 1998. Health manage-ment in shrimp ponds. 3th Ed. Aquatic Animal Health Research Institut. Departemen of Fisheries. Kasetsart University, Bangkok. 152 p.

Clark, R.B. 1986. Marine pollution. Clarendon Press. Oxford. 215 p.

Connell, D., P. Lam, B. Richardson, and R. Wu. 1999. Introduction to ecotoxi-cology. Backwell Science Ltd. Oxford. London. UK. 170 p.

Connell, D.W. and Miller. 1995. Chemistry and ecotoxicology of pollution (Kimia dan ekotoksiko-logi pencemaran, diterjemahkan oleh Y. Koestoer). Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta. 520 p.

Khopkar, S.M. 1990. Konsep dasar kimia analitik. Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta. 265 p.

Koeman, J.H. 1987. Algamene inleiding in de toxicologie (Pengantar umum toksikologi, diterjemahkan oleh R.H. Yudono). Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta. 97 p.

Laidler, G. 1991. Environmental chemis-try an Australian perspective (2nd Ed.). Longman Cheshire Pty Limited. Melbourne. Australia. 396 p.

Laws, E.A. 1993. Aquatic pollution, an introductory text. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. 611 p.

Lu, F.C. 1995. Basic toxicology. (Toksi-kologi dasar: asas, organ sasaran, dan penilaian resiko, diterjemahkan oleh E. Nugroho. (Edisi kedua). Uni-versitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta. 480 p.

McLusky, D.S., V. Bryant, and R. Campbell. 1986. The effect of tem-perature and salinity on the toxicity of heavy metals to marine and estuarine invertebrates. In: Annual review oceanography and marine biology. Vol. 24. M. Barnes (Ed.) Aberdeen University Press. Scotland. 147-155.

Naid, T. dan Seniwati. 1998. Hubungan antara kandungan protein dan logam berat Pb, Cd, Cu, dan Zn pada bebe-rapa jenis kerang di Perairan Tanjung Bunga, Ujung Pandang. Prosiding Seminar Kelautan LIPI-UNHAS, Ambon 4-6 Juli 1998: 266-269.

Nybakken, J.W. 1992. Marine Biology: an ecological approch. (Biologi laut, suatu pendekatan ekologis, diter-jemahkan oleh H. Muhammad, E., Koesoebiono, D.G. Bengen, M. Hutomo, dan S. Sukardjo). Gramedia. Jakarta. 459 p.

Palar, H. 1994. Pencemaran dan toksi-kologi logam berat. Penerbit Rineka Cipta. Jakarta. 152 p.

Poernomo, A. 1988. Faktor lingkungan yang dominan pada budidaya udang intensif. Seminar Usaha Budidaya Tambak. Surabaya. 63 p.

Rand, G.M. and S.R. Petrocelli. 1985. Fundamental of aquatic toxicology. Methods and application. Hemisphere Publishing Coorporation. Washington. 666 p.

Rachmansyah, Dalfiah, P.R. Pong-Masak dan Taufik Ahmad. 1998. Uji toksisi-tas logam berat terhadap benur udang windu (Penaeus monodon) dan nener bandeng (Chanos chanos). Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. IV(1): 55-66.

Roesijadi, G. and W.E. Robinson. 1994. Metal regulations in aquatic animals: Mechanism of uptake, accumulation, and release. In: Auatic toxicology, molecular, biochemical, and cellular perspectives. D.C. Malins and G.K. Oslrander (Eds.). Lewis Publishers. London: 387-420.

Saeni, M.S. dan H.R. Wuryandari. 1997. Pencemaran Pb, Cd, dan Cu dalam kangkung, bayam, dan air terhadap pencemaran dalam rambut di Kota Madya Bogor. Buletin Kimia. Jurusan Kimia. IPB. 12: 55–65.

Sparague, J.B. 1990. Aquatic toxicology. In: Methods for marine fish biology. C.B. Schreck and P.B. Moyle (Eds.). American Fisheries Society. Bethesd. Maryland. USA: 491-528.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.162

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1038 | views : 2273

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Indexed by:

 

 

View My Stats