Keragaman Jenis dan Distribusi Ukuran Panjang Ikan Terbang di Perairan Indonesia Timur

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.149

Augy Syahailatua(1*), Asikin Djamali(2), Petrus Makatipu(3), Syamsu A. Ali(4)

(1) Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI
(2) Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI
(3) UPT Konservasi Biota Laut LIPI
(4) Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan – Universitas Hasanuddin
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Research on flyingfishes in 2004 was aimed to know their species diversity and length distribution. Two locations were selected as sampling sites such as Flores Sea and Sulawesi Sea. Samples were collected in Takalar from May to July 2004 represented samples from Flores Sea, and in Manado and Tahuna in November 2004 represented samples from Sulawesi Sea. All samples were caught by local fishermen who operated a gillnet. There were 7 species identified from Flores Sea, i.e. Cheilopogon abei, Cheilopogon spilonopterus, Cheilopogon spilopterus, Cheilopogon suttoni, Cypselurus poecilopterus, Hirundichthys oxycephalus and Parexocoetus mento, whereas from Sulawesi Sea, Cheilopogon cyanopterus and Cheilopogon spilopterus were identified. The average total length of C. spilopterus collected in May-July 2004 was longer than 200 mm and were no variation amongst months, while Cheilopogon spp. sampled from Sulawesi Sea was longer than 250 mm. The flyingfish samples were mostly in adult stage and had spawned.

Keywords


Flores Sea, Flyingfish, length distribution, species diversity, Sulawesi Sea

Full Text:

Full Article (PDF)


References

Aizawa, M. 2002. Exocoetidae (Flyingfishes). In: Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species (Book I, English edition). T. Nakabo (Ed.). Tokay University Press. Japan: 552-561.

Ali, S.A. 1981. Kebiasaan makan, pemijahan, hubungan panjang berat dan faktor kondisi ikan terbang, Cypselurus oxycephalus (Bleeker) di Laut Flores, Sulawesi Selatan. Skripsi Sarjana. Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar. 49 p.

Delsman, H.C. and J.D.F. Hardenberg. 1931. de Indische Zeevisschen en Zeevissherij. N.V. Boekhandel en Drukkerij Visser and Co. Batavia Centrum. 388 p.

Dwiponggo, A.T. Sujastani, dan S. Nurhakim. 1983. Pengkajian potensi dan tingkat pengusahaan perikanan torani di perairan Sulawesi bagian Selatan. Laporan Penelitian Perikanan Laut. 25: 1-12.

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. 2004. Fish Base 2004: Concepts, design and data sources. ICLARM, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. 344 p.

Hutomo, M., Burhanuddin, dan S. Martosewojo. 1985. Sumber daya ikan terbang (Seri Sumber Daya Alam 118). Lembaga Oseanologi Nasional LIPI. 73 p.

Kimura, S. dan K. Matsuura. 2003. Fishes of Bitung. Ocean Research Institute. The University of Tokyo. 244 p.

Nessa, M.N. dan U.H. Slamet. 1985. Prospek dan pengembangan komoditi ekspor sumberdaya hayati akuatik di Indonesia Timur. Makalah pada Seminar Pengembangan dan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Akuatik. Universitas Hasanuddin, 28-30 Maret 1985. 14 p.

Nessa, M.N., H. Sugondo, J. Andarias, dan A. Rantetondok. 1977. Studi pendahuluan terhadap perikanan ikan terbang di Selat Makassar. Majalah UNHAS VIII/XVIII (13): 643-669 (Edisi khusus Pola Ilmiah Pokok).

Parin, N.V. 1999. Exocidae (Flyingfishes). FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes the living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol 4. Bony Fishes Part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae).In: Carpenter, K.E. and V.H. Niem (Eds.). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome: 2162-2179.

Saanin, H. 1984. Taksonomi dan kunci identifikasi ikan (Jilid I). Bina Cipta Bogor. 245 p.

Weber, M. and L.F. de Beaufort. 1922. The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. E.J. Brill, Leiden, (4): 410 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.149

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2434 | views : 3965

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).

 

View My Stats