Jumlah dan Kualitas Kista Artemia pada Berbagai Tingkat Perubahan Salinitas

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.140

Dade Jubaedah(1*), D. Djokosetiyanto(2), A. Fairus Mai Soni(3)

(1) Program Studi Budidaya Perairan Fakultas Pertanian, UNSRI
(2) Departemen Budidaya Perairan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan (FPIK) IPB
(3) Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Air Payau
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of this research was to know the optimum salinity changes to improve quantity and quality of cyst produced by Artemia. This experiment used completely randomized factorial design. Factor a was salinities changes at day-9 (A) and day-15 (B) of culture. Factor b consisted of four salinity increasing treatments, which were I (100, 100, 100, 140 ppt); II (100, 100, 140, 140 ppt); III (100, 140, 140, 140 ppt) and IV (100, 110, 125, 140 ppt). The highest fecundity was obtained by B.I treatment. The highest quantity of the cysts was produced by A.III treatment. Treatment of A.I produced cysts with the highest protein content. These results showed that the high quality and quantity of cysts was obtained when salinity increase started at day-9 of culture.

Keywords


artemia, cyst, quality, quantity, salinity

Full Text:

Full Article (PDF)


References

Association of Official Analysis Chemists (AOAC). 1984. Officials methode of analysis. 14th Ed. AOAC, Washington D.C. 1528 p.

Baxevanis, A.D., A. El-Bermawi, T.J. Abatzopoulos, and P. Sorgeloos. 2004. Salinity effects on maturation, reproductive and life span characteristics of four egyptian Artemia population. Hydrobiologia. 513: 87–100.

D’Agostino, A. 1980. The vital requirements of Artemia: physiology and nutrition. In: The brine shrimp Artemia: physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology. G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels, E. Jaspers (Eds.). Vol. 2. Universa Press, Wetteren, Belgium: 55-82.

Daulay, T. dan D. Bucher. 1993. Pengaruh perbedaan kadar garam pada media pemeliharaan terhadap produksi kista Artemia salina. Bulletin Penelitian Perikanan. 2: 21-33.

Daulay, T. dan N. Mulyanti. 1993. Pengaruh makanan alami dan pakan buatan terhadap produksi kista Artemia salina dipelihara di tambak. Bulletin Penelitian Perikanan. 2: 34-42.

Mai Soni, A.F. 2005. Prospek pengembangan budidaya Artemia di Indonesia. Makalah disampaikan pada Temu Pembenihan Udang Nasional, 22 Pebruari 2005 di Gedung Bidakara, Jl. Gatot Subroto kav 71–73 Pancoran, Jakarta Selatan. 9 p.

Mai Soni, A.F., D.J. Sulistiyono, Madenur, dan Suparjono. 2004a. Pengaruh salinitas yang berbeda terhadap produksi kista Artemia skala laboratorium. Media Budidaya Air Payau. 4: 46–53.

Mai Soni, A.F., M.S. Latief, A. Susanto, dan D.J. Sulistiyono. 2004b. Budidaya Artemia terpadu di tambak garam Desa Surodadi, Kecamatan Kedung, Kabupaten Jepara. Laporan Tahunan 2004. Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Air Payau Jepara. 10 p.

Mattjik, A.A. dan M. Sumertajaya. 2002. Perancangan percobaan. Edisi Kedua Jilid I. IPB Press. Bogor. 282 p.

Santos, C.D.L.Jr., P. Sorgeloos, E. Lavina, and A. Bernardino. 1980. Succesfull inocculation of Artemia and production of cysts in man-made salterns in the Philipines. The International Symposium on The Brine Shrimp Artemia salina; Corpus Christi, 20-23 Agustus, 1979. Texas, USA. Univera Press Wettern. 456 p.

Sorgeloos, P., D. Lavean, P. Eger, W. Achaert, and D. Versichele. 1986. Manual for the culture and use of brine shrimp Artemia in aquaculture. State University of Ghent, Belgium- Faculty of Agriculture. 319 p.

Tarnchalanukit, W. and L. Wongrat. 1985. Artemia culture in Thailand. National Artemia Reference Center Technical Paper No.1, Oktober 1985. Paper Presented at The Second International Symposium on the Brine Shrimp Artemia, 1–5 September 1985, RICA, Antwerpen, Belgium. 28 p.

Tutsupanich, A. 1979. Cyst production of Artemia Salina in salt ponds in Thailand. National Frehwater Prawn Research and Training Center Inland Fisheries Division, Departement of Fisheries Ministry Agriculture and Cooperatives Thailand. Bangpakong, Chacheongsao, Thailand. 13 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.140

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 975 | views : 3976

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)



Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Indexed by:

 

 

View My Stats