Family social capital on public respond to COVID-19 in Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.64567

Supriyati Supriyati(1*), kun Habibah(2), Ade Wahyuni(3), Rafif Adianto Abdul Wahab(4), Kenji Sebastian Halim(5), Erdananda Aditya Nugroho(6), Mohamad Sofyan Soddiq(7)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(6) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(7) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) gave impact on the various sectors, not limited to the health sector. In the other hand, social capital was help Indonesian community from the 1998 crisis. This study was aimed to describe the family social capital on COVID-19 prevention and examine factors contribute to family social capital among Indonesia citizen.

Method: Cross-sectional data was derived from community survey conducted in Indonesia (February, 2021). A number of 581 Indonesian citizen aged 18 – 59 years old had participated in this study. Data was collected by using online questionnaire that distributed through social media. Furthermore, univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis were carried out in this study.

Result: Most of respondent (55%) had high family social capital. The family social capital include (1) education function, (2) protective function, and (3) reinforcement function. They were discussed with their family member about the hazard of COVID-19, health protocol as strategy for COVID-19 prevention, and tried to remind each other to apply health protocol in the daily activities. Furthermore, their family were provide face mask and hand sanitizer for family member as a tool of COVID-19 prevention. Family was the second highest information source (65%) regarding Covid-19 and prevention among family member. In addition, there was a significant association between perception toward health protocol (p = 0.000), vulnerable status (p = 0.044), and economic status (p = 0.000), and family social capital. Community empowerment in the COVID-19 prevention through family social capital was challenging.   

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that Indonesian community had high family social capital. Moreover, public health expert need to empower family social capital in the COVID-19 prevention.


Keywords


family social capital; COVID-19; prevention; community empowerment; health protocol

Full Text:

PDF


References

References

Ehsan A, Klaas HS, Bastianen A, Spini D. Social capital and health: A systematic review of systematic reviews. SSM - Population Health. 2019;8:100425.

Campbell C. Social capital, social movements and global public health: Fighting for health-enabling contexts in marginalised settings. Social Science & Medicine. 2019.

Eriksson M, Dahlblom K. Children's perspectives on health-promoting living environments: The significance of social capital. Social Science & Medicine. 2020;258:113059.

Villalonga-Olives E, Kawachi I. The dark side of social capital: A systematic review of the negative health effects of social capital. Social Science & Medicine. 2017;194:105-27.

Jamaludin S, Azmir NA, Mohamad Ayob AF, Zainal N. COVID-19 exit strategy: Transitioning towards a new normal. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 2020;59:165-70.

Borgonovi F, Andrieu E. Bowling together by bowling alone: Social capital and COVID-19. Social Science & Medicine. 2020;265:113501.

Moore S, Kawachi I. Twenty years of social capital and health research: a glossary. Journal of epidemiology and community health. 2017;71(5):513-7.

Alvarez EC, Kawachi I, Romani JR. Family social capital and health – a systematic review and redirection. Sociology of Health & Illness. 2017;39(1):5-29.

Carrillo-Álvarez E, Villalonga-Olives E, Riera-Romaní J, Kawachi I. Development and validation of a questionnaire to measure family social capital. SSM - Population Health. 2019;8:100453.

Hakim AJ, Victory KR, Chevinsky JR, Hast MA, Weikum D, Kazazian L, et al. Mitigation Policies, Community Mobility, and COVID-19 Case Counts in Australia, Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Public Health. 2021.

Yang MC, Hung PP, Wu YK, Peng MY, Chao YC, Su WL. A three-generation family cluster with COVID-19 infection: should quarantine be prolonged? Public Health. 2020;185:31-3.

Supriyati S, Angraeny DK, Carissa TM, Sheila AP, Qisthi SA, Rianti M, et al. Preparing new normal: the health literacy assessment on the Covid-19. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat 2021;37(1):27-32.

Araten-Bergman T, Shpigelman C-N. Staying connected during COVID-19: Family engagement with adults with developmental disabilities in supported accommodation. Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2021;108:103812.

Goldfarb M, Bibas L, Burns K. Family Engagement in the Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit in the COVID-19 Era. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. 2020;36(8):1327.e1-.e2.

Tambo E, Djuikoue IC, Tazemda GK, Fotsing MF, Zhou X-N. Early stage risk communication and community engagement (RCCE) strategies and measures against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic crisis. Global Health Journal. 2021.

Cardoso Barbosa H, de Queiroz Oliveira JA, Moreira da Costa J, de Melo Santos RP, Gonçalves Miranda L, de Carvalho Torres H, et al. Empowerment-oriented strategies to identify behavior change in patients with chronic diseases: An integrative review of the literature. Patient Education and Counseling. 2021.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.64567

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 402 | views : 551

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Community Empowerment for Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.