Relationship between understanding of COVID-19's infographics and the efforts to prevent COVID-19 transmission

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.56749

Rahmat Bakhtiar(1*), Hilda Hilda(2), Krispinus Duma(3), Riries Choiru Pramulia Yudia(4)

(1) Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia
(2) Department of Nursing, East Kalimantan Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health, Samarinda
(3) Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia
(4) Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The prevention of disease transmission is an effective cost-strategy in controlling COVID-19. The scenario of the control of COVID-19 in Samarinda City consists of 3 phases, namely initial, advanced, and recovery. The outcome of the advanced phase is flattening the transmission curve of the COVID-19 pandemic, with an increased proportion of patients in recovery, and an increased culture of preventing disease transmission in society. This study aimed at knowing the influence of the understanding of COVID-19 infographics on the efforts to prevent COVID-19 transmission at the advanced phase. A survey was conducted via social media from April 21st to April 30th, 2020. The preventive actions for the disease transmission as the dependent variable in this study were social distancing, wearing a mask, washing hands, and efforts to enhance the body’s immunity, while the independent variable was the understanding of COVID-19 infographics updated daily. The results of the study showed that the proportion of the population who understood the infographics well was 79.5%, the community participation in practicing social distancing (81.6%), wearing a mask  (50.9%), washing hands as frequently as possible (74.3%), and the efforts to strengthen the body’s immune system (73.6%) with a consistency level of 55.12%. The lowest rate for the activity of social distancing was visiting elders or the people suffering from comorbidities with 54.71%. A good understanding of infographics could increase adherence to the recommendations of social distancing. The implementation of social distancing, wearing a mask, washing hands as frequently as possible, and the efforts to improve the body’s immune system need to be done consistently to prevent the COVID-19 transmission and as a result, the potential transmission could be minimized to optimize the recovery phase and anticipate the possible second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Keywords


COVID-19 infographic; social distancing; washing hands; wearing a mask; body’s immune system; pandemic

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References

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EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'>

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2. WHO. Coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) situation reports [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports

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8. WHO. Report of the WHO-China joint mission on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-china-joint-mission-on-covid-19-final-report.pdf

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10. Indonesian Ministry of Health 2020b. Prevent COVID-19 with Germas (Jakarta).

11. Indonesia Ministry of Health. National Health Care Guideline for Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in Indonesia (Jakarta). 2020a.

12. Sukmana M, Aminuddin M, Nopriyanto D. Indonesian government response in COVID-19 disaster prevention. East African Sch J Med Sci. 2020;3(3):81–6.

13. Samarinda DK. Perkembangan dan persiapan memasuki fase relaksasi tahap I COVID-19. 2020.

14. IFRC, UNICEF, WHO. COVID-19 preparedness & response [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/media/65936/file/Preparedness for and response to Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).pdf

15. IFRC, UNICEF, WHO. COVID-19 preparedness & response [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/risk-communication-and-community-engagement-(rcce)-action-plan-guidance

16. UNICEF, WHO, IFRC. Key messages and actions for COVID-19 prevention and control in schools. 2020.

17. Siricharoen W V. Infographic role in helping communication for promoting health and well-being. 2015. Available from:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282276574

18. Matrajt L, Leung T any. Evaluating the efectiveness of social distancing interventions against COVID-19. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(8).

19. Stephen K, Christine T, Lipsitch M, Grad YH. Social distancing strategies for curbing the COVID-19 epidemic. medRxiv. Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.22.20041079v1.full.pdf+html

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21. Li W, Liao J, Li Q. Health education for parents during the COVID-19 outbreak public health education for parents during the outbreak of COVID-19: a Rapid Review. medRxiv Prepr. 2020; preprint.

22. Hao-Yuan Cheng, MD Ms, Shu-Wan Jian, DVM, MPH Ding-Ping Liu P, Ta-Chou Ng Bs, Wan-Ting Huang M, Hsien-Ho Lin, MD S. Contact tracing assessment of COVID-19 transmission dynamics in Taiwan and risk at different exposure periods before and after symptom onset. JAMA Intern Med. 2020;1(May):E1–8.

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24. Suppawittaya P, Yiemphat P, Yasri P. Effects of social distancing, self-quarantine and self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic on people’s well-being, and how to cope with it. Int J Sci Healthc Res. 2020; 5(2).

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26. WHO. Interim recommendations on obligatory hand hygiene against transmission of COVID-19 [Internet]. Available from: https://www.who.int/who-documents-detail/interim-recommendations-on-obligatory-hand-hygiene-against-transmission-of-COVID-19

27. Aiello AE, Murray GF, Perez V, Coulborn RM, Davis BM, Uddin M, et al. Mask use, hand hygiene, and seasonal influenza- like illness among young adults: a randomized intervention trial. J Infect Dis. 2010;201:491–8.

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29. Greenhalgh T, Schmid MB, Czypionka T, Bassler D, Gruer L. Face masks for the public during the COVID-19 crisis. BMJ. 2020;369(m1435):1–4.

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35. Asyary A, Veruswati M. Sunlight exposure increased COVID-19 recovery rates: a study in the central pandemic area of Indonesia. Sci Total Environ. 2020;729:1–4.

36. Board INE. Indonesia is high potential to sunlight beneficiary[WWW Document]. 2013.

37. Broucke S Van den. Why health promotion matters to the COVID-19 pandemic, and vice versa. Health Promot Int. 2020;35:181–6.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.56749

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