Increasing knowledge about nutrition and health in the elderly and cadres in Banguntapan Village, Bantul

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.44880

Mae Sri Hartati Wahyuningsih(1*), Dwi Aris Agung Nugrahaningsih(2), Probosuseno Probosuseno(3)

(1) Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Department of Pharmacology and Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Unit of Geriatric, Dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Increase the number of elderly is one of the social problems that require the attention of all involved parties. Health care efforts are now aimed at keeping the elderly healthy, active, independent, and productive socially and economically for themselves, their families and the community. Elderly is an age group where a person has experienced various decreases in body functions that can affect appetite, which ultimately leads to malnutrition. We designed community service-based study to increase the elderly health in the Banguntapan Village through increasing the awareness of the elderly about managing their health, the knowledge and skill to take care elderly of the families who have elderly on their care in Banguntapan Village. The method applied in this activity is counseling with pre-test and the first post-test and distribution pocket of about nutrition and elderly health. To be able to measure the retained knowledge after the activities, we also carried out the second post-test four weeks after the first meeting. The data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, and a paired t-test was performed to test the pre-test and post-test data. The total participants who participated in this activity were 144 people consisting of all cadres in Banguntapan Village, plus the elderly and families who have elderly in Karangbendo Hamlet. This research showed that there was an increase in knowledge about health and nutrition between the 1st pretest-posttest; between the 1st post-test and 2nd post-test; and between the second pretest and posttest (11.14; 14.86; 28.03)%. The counseling, discussion, and distribution of pocketbooks can increase the knowledge of the elderly, family and volunteer in Banguntapan and Karang Bendo Village.


Keywords


counseling and discussion; elderly; nutrition and health; volunteers

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Hennessy A, Browne F, Kiely M, Walton J, Flynn A. The role of fortified food and nutritional supplements in increasing vitamin D intake in Irish Preschool children. Eur J Nutr. 2017; 56 (3): 1219-31.
  2. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 25 Tahun 2016 Tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Kesehatan Lanjut Usia Tahun 2016-2019. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indoensia. 2016.
  3. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2016. Keputusan Menkes RI No HK.02.02/MENKES/52/2015. Rencana Strategis Kementrian Kesehatan Tahun 2015-2019.
  4. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. 2013: 70-74.
  5. Maitre I, Van Wymelbeke V, Amand M, Vigneau E, Issanchou S, Sulmont-Rossé C. Food pickiness in the elderly: Relationship with dependency and malnutrition. Food quality and preference. 2014; 1(32):145-51.
  6. Bruin MJ, Van Dael P, Eggersdorfer M. The role of nutrients in reducing the risk for noncommunicable disease during aging. Nutrients. 2019; 11 (1): E85.
  7. Black LJ, Walton J, Flynn A, Cashman KD, Kiely M. Small increments in vitamin D intake by Irish adults over a decade show that strategic initiatives to fortify the food supply are needed. J Nutr. 2015; 145 (5): 969-76.
  8. Astuti EZL, Winarni T. Mendorong partisipasi Binal Keluarga Lansia (BKL) dalam mewujudkan tujuh dimensi lansia tangguh di Desa Sumbersari, Moyudan, Sleman. JPKM. 2018; 3(2): 130-42.
  9. Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil Pemerintah Kabupaten Bantul. Profil Kependudukan Kabupaten Bantul 2018; 36.
  10. Puskesmas Banguntapan III. Profil Kesehatan Puskesmas Banguntapan III. Puskesmas Banguntapan. 2017; 18.
  11. Petnuchova J. Non-formal and informal education: where does it go in the Slovac Republic? US-China Education Review B6. 2012; 614-625.
  12. Nuryani N, Paramata Y. Intervensi Pendidik Sebaya Meningkatkan Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Gizi Seimbang pada Remaja di MTSN Model Limboto. Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition. 2018; 5(2):96-112.
  13. Permatasari TAE. Peningkatan Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Gizi Seimbang Menggunakan Metode Peer Education. Kes Mas. 2017; 11(2):114-120.
  14. Suryawati S. Petunjuk Kegiatan “Meningkatkan Pengetahuan dan Ketrampilan Memilih Obat dengan Metode CBIA”. Pusat Study Farmakologi Klinik dan Kebijakan Obat, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. 2009.
  15. Mahardika AB, Suryawati S, Rustamaji. Intervensi CBIA untuk Meningkatkan Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Penggunaan Antibiotik yang Rasional pada Anggota Bina Keluarga Balita. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya. 2016; 29 (2): 165-169.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.44880

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 257 | views : 226

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Community Empowerment for Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.