Angka kejadian miopia pada anak usia sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Banjararum Kabupaten Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.42913

Reny Setyowati(1), Indra Tri Mahayana(2*), Tri Winarti(3), Suhardjo Pawiroranu(4)

(1) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Mata, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Mata, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Mata, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada - Rumah Sakit Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(4) Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Mata, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada - Rumah Sakit Mata dr. YAP, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Refractive disorders begin to affect many children and become a burden of disease in the community due to lack of awareness by parents and screening by health workers. This research was a cross-sectional study and carried out at screening of visual acuity in primary school-aged children. A total of 38 children aged 6 - 12 were the subjects in this study. This research was conducted in Banjararum sub-district, Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province in September 2018. The average age of subjects was 8.8 ± 1.4 years. Result showed refraction status before correction (uncorrected refractive error/URE) with mean visual acuity of 0.3 logMAR (equivalent to 6/12 Snellen). The most common refractive disorders were myopia simplex (63.2%) and 38.8% of subjects experienced moderate visual impairment. After being corrected, as much as 97.4% of subjects reached normal vision. Burden of undiagnosed refractive disorders in rural population was high even though the visual disturbance is reversible.


Keywords


myopia; refractive error; uncorrected refractive error; primary school-aged children

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jcoemph.42913

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