Tanggapan Aksesi Kacang Hijau (Vigna radiata L.) terhadap Mikoriza di Lahan Sawah Bekas Padi

https://doi.org/10.22146/veg.63569

Hafidh Izzudin(1), Taryono Taryono(2*), Muhammad Habib Widyawan(3)

(1) Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Produksi kacang hijau nasional menurun selama kurun waktu tahun 2016 – 2018. Salah satu usaha untuk meningkatkan produktivitas tanaman secara ramah lingkungan adalah menambahkan agen hayati-mikoriza, karena pemberian mikoriza mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan serta komponen hasil tanaman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tanggapan beberapa aksesi kacang hijau terhadap inokulasi mikoriza serta memilih aksesi yang tanggap terhadap inokulasi mikoriza sebagai bahan kajian genetika dan fisiologi ketergantungan kacang hijau terhadap mikoriza. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan Pusat Inovasi Agroteknologi Universitas Gadjah Mada (PIAT-UGM) Kalitirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) petak terbagi yang terdiri atas dua faktor. Faktor utama yaitu perlakuan inokulasi dan anak faktor berupa 20 aksesi kacang hijau. Pengamatan meliputi infeksi mikoriza, sifat komponen hasil, dan  hasil. Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan analisis varian sesuai rancangan acak lengkap, uji lanjut Scott Knott, dan analisis korelasi. Pada penelitian ini masing-masing nomor aksesi kacang hijau memiliki tanggapan yang beragam terhadap inokulasi mikoriza. Persentase infeksi mikoriza  lebih tinggi pada perlakuan inokulasi. Inokulasi mikoriza mampu meningkatkan jumlah polong per tanaman, biji per polong, dan bobot biji per tanaman, namun tidak dengan bobot 100 biji tanaman. Persentase infeksi mikoriza pada umur 20 hari setelh tanam nyata berhubungan dengan hasil biji. Hasil penelitian memberikan informasi bahwa nomor aksesi 788, 797, 798, 805, 807, 810, 812, 826, 829, dan 832 berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai bahan kajian genetika dan fisiologi ketergantungan kacang hijau terhadap mikoriza.


Keywords


kacang hijau; inokulasi mikoriza; ketanggapan mikoriza

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/veg.63569

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